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Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
Eduard Heger with WIPO Director General.jpg
Incumbent
Eduard Heger

since 1 April 2021
Member ofEuropean Council
ResidenceEpiscopal Summer Palace
AppointerPresident of the Republic
Term lengthDepending on the support of the National Council
Formation1 January 1993
First holderVladimír Mečiar
Salaryc. 77,892 annually
Websitevlada.gov.sk

The Chairman of the government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: Premiér), is the head of the government of the Slovak Republic. Officially, the officeholder is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the President of the republic (appointer) and Chairman of the National Council; in practice, the appointee is the country's leading political figure.

Since the creation of the office in 1969, thirteen persons have served as head of government. Since 1993, when Slovakia gained independence, eight persons have occupied the function. On 1 April 2021, Eduard Heger became the Prime Minister of Slovakia.

History

The office of Prime Minister of Slovakia was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Act on the Czechoslovak Federation. A similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak State respectively. Since 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been six persons to hold the office. Since 2021, the prime minister of Slovakia has been Eduard Heger.

Powers and role

Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the prime minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each prime minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the prime minister loses the confidence, the president is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new prime minister or entrust the dismissed prime minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.

The prime minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the government. Although it is not the prime minister but the president who appoints ministers in Cabinet, the president appoints ministers on the advice of the prime minister.

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the president of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing prime minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the president designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.

List of Prime Ministers of Slovakia

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1969–1990)

Main article: Slovak Socialist Republic

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party
Took office Left office Duration
Noimage.png
Štefan Sádovský
(1928–1984)
1 January
1969
5 May
1969
124 days KSS
Noimage.png
Peter Colotka
(1925–2019)
5 May
1969
13 October
1988
19 years and 161 days KSS
Noimage.png
Ivan Knotek
(1936–2020)
13 October
1988
23 June
1989
253 days KSS
Noimage.png
Pavel Hrivnák
(1931–1995)
23 June
1989
8 December
1989
168 days KSS
Milan Čič (jan. 2012).jpg
Milan Čič
(1932–2012)
8 December
1989
6 March
1990
88 days KSS

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)

Main article: Czech and Slovak Federative Republic

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Government
Composition
Election
Took office Left office Duration
Milan Čič (jan. 2012).jpg
Milan Čič
(1932–2012)
6 March
1990
27 June
1990
113 days VPN Čič
caretaker
Vladimir Meciar.jpg
Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
1st term
27 June
1990
6 May
1991
313 days VPN Mečiar I
VPNKDHDS
1990
Ján Čarnogurský (2012).jpg
Ján Čarnogurský
(born 1944)
6 May
1991
24 June
1992
1 year and 49 days KDH Čarnogurský
ODÚKDHDS
Vladimir Meciar.jpg
Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
2nd term
24 June
1992
31 December
1992
190 days HZDS Mečiar II
HZDSSNS
1992

Slovak Republic (1993–present)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Government
Composition
Election
Took office Left office Duration
Vladimir Meciar.jpg
Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
1st term
1 January
1993
15 March
1994
1 year and 73 days HZDS Mečiar II
HZDSSNS
1992
Jozef Moravčík.jpg
Jozef Moravčík
(born 1945)
15 March
1994
13 December
1994
273 days DEÚS Moravčík
SDĽKDHDEÚS–NDS
Vladimir Meciar.jpg
Vladimír Mečiar
(born 1942)
2nd term
13 December
1994
30 October
1998
3 years and 321 days HZDS Mečiar III
HZDSSNSZRS
1994
Mikulas Dzurinda.jpg
Mikuláš Dzurinda
(born 1955)
30 October
1998
4 July
2006
7 years and 247 days SDK Dzurinda I
SDKSDĽSMKSOP
later SDKÚKDHSDĽSMKSOP
1998
SDKÚ
Dzurinda II
SDKÚSMKKDHANO
later SDKÚSMKANO
2002
Dmitry Medvedev in Slovakia 7 April 2010-14 (cropped).jpeg
Robert Fico
(born 1964)
1st term
4 July
2006
8 July
2010
4 years and 4 days SMER Fico I
SMERSNSHDZS
2006
Iveta Radičová.jpg
Iveta Radičová
(born 1956)
8 July
2010
4 April
2012
1 year and 271 days SDKÚ Radičová
SDKÚSaSKDHMH
2010
PRESS TRIP-COLLEGE VISIT 2016-06-30 (27970095086).jpg
Robert Fico
(born 1964)
2nd term
4 April
2012
22 March
2018
5 years and 352 days SMER Fico II
SMER
2012
Fico III
SMERSNSMH#S
later SMERSNSMH
2016
Peter Pellegrini, 2019.jpg
Peter Pellegrini
(born 1975)
22 March
2018
21 March
2020
1 year and 365 days SMER Pellegrini
SMERSNSMH
Igor Matovič after an interview (2020).jpg
Igor Matovič
(born 1973)
21 March
2020
1 April
2021
1 year and 11 days OĽaNO Matovič
OĽaNOSRSaS
later OĽaNOSR
2020
Eduard Heger with WIPO Director General.jpg
Eduard Heger
(born 1976)
1 April
2021
Incumbent 1 year and 76 days OĽaNO Heger
OĽaNOSRSaS

Statistics

Slovak Republic (1993–present)

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Mečiar, VladimírVladimír Mečiar 19420726July 26, 1942(July 26, 1942) 50 15950 years, 159 days 05 0295 years, 29 days 56 09656 years, 96 days Living 29,18079 years, 325 days (Living)
2 Moravčík, JozefJozef Moravčík 19450319March 19, 1945(March 19, 1945) 49 36148 years, 361 days 00 273273 days 50 26949 years, 269 days Living 28,21377 years, 89 days (Living)
3 Dzurinda, MikulášMikuláš Dzurinda 19550204February 4, 1956(February 4, 1956) 43 26842 years, 268 days 07 2477 years, 247 days 51 15050 years, 150 days Living 24,23966 years, 132 days (Living)
4 Fico, RobertRobert Fico 19640915September 15, 1964(September 15, 1964) 41 29241 years, 292 days 09 3569 years, 356 days 53 4653 years, 188 days Living 21,09357 years, 274 days (Living)
5 Radičová, IvetaIveta Radičová 19561207December 7, 1956(December 7, 1956) 53 21353 years, 213 days 01 2711 year, 271 days 55 11955 years, 119 days Living 23,93265 years, 191 days (Living)
6 Pellegrini, PeterPeter Pellegrini 19751006October 6, 1975(October 6, 1975) 42 16742 years, 167 days 01 3651 year, 365 days 44 16644 years, 167 days Living 17,05546 years, 253 days (Living)
7 Matovič, IgorIgor Matovič 19730511May 11, 1973(May 11, 1973) 46 31546 years, 315 days 01 0111 year, 11 days 47 32547 years, 325 days Living 17,93349 years, 36 days (Living)
8 Heger, EduardEduard Heger 19760503May 3, 1976(May 3, 1976) 44 33344 years, 333 days 001 0181 year, 76 days 00 000 Incumbent Living 16,84546 years, 44 days (Living)

References

See also