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Wilhelmine
Gulhermina de baden2.JPG
Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and by Rhine
Tenure6 April 1830 – 27 January 1836
Born(1788-09-21)21 September 1788
Karlsruhe
Died27 January 1836(1836-01-27) (aged 47)
Rosenhöhe
Spouse
IssueLouis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Prince Karl
Princess Elisabeth
Prince Alexander
Marie, Empress of Russia
HouseZähringen
FatherCharles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
MotherLandgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
ReligionLutheran

Princess Wilhelmine Louise of Baden (21 September 1788 – 27 January 1836), was by birth a Princess of Baden from the House of Zähringen and by marriage Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and by Rhine. Her descendants include the last emperor of Russia, Nicholas II and his wife Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the incumbent king of Spain, Felipe VI, and other members of European royalty.

She was the youngest daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden and Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt, and the younger sister of Empress Elizabeth Alexeievna of Russia, born Princess Louise of Baden.

Life

Princess Wilhelmine Louise of Baden was born on 21 September 1788 as the eighth and youngest child of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden (1755–1801) and Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832). In Karlsruhe on 19 June 1804, Wilhelmine married her maternal first cousin Louis, Hereditary Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt (1777–1848). The union proved to be unhappy due to Louis's extramarital affairs, and they separated after the birth of their three older children.

In 1820, she acquired Schloss Heiligenberg, where Baron August von Senarclens de Grancy (1794–1871) was the chamberlain, and they started an affair. Her last four children were believed to have been fathered by Senarclens de Grancy, although they were recognized by Grand Duke Louis II as his own. In 1830, following her father-in-law's death, she became Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine.

Issue

Her descendants include Emperor Nicholas II of Russia (1868–1918) and his wife Empress Alexandra Feodorvna (1872–1918), last emperor and empress of Russia, her great-grandchildren; King Felipe VI of Spain (born 1968), the incumbent sovereign of Spain, her great-great-great grandson; Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1921–2021), husband of Queen Elizabeth II, her great-great grandson, and through him Charles, Prince of Wales (born 1948), heir apparent to the throne of the United Kingdom, her great-great-great grandson.

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. pp. 38 (father), 69 (mother).

Sources

Princess Wilhelmine of Baden House of ZähringenBorn: 21 September 1788 Died: 27 January 1836 German royalty VacantTitle last held byLouise of Hesse-Darmstadt Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine 16 April 1830 – 27 January 1836 VacantTitle next held byMathilde Caroline of Bavaria