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ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE
Company typeSocietas Europaea
ISINDE000PSM7770 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustryMass media
Founded2 October 2000; 23 years ago (2000-10-02)
HeadquartersUnterföhring, Germany
Key people
ProductsBroadcasting, Free-to-air and subscription television, television production, cable, dating, commerce, ventures
Revenue€4 billion (2018)[1]
€348 million (2018)[1]
€550 million (2018)[1]
Total assets€6.468 billion (2018)[1]
Total equity€6.468 billion (2018)[1]
Number of employees
6,583 (2018)[1]

ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE (officially abbreviated as P7S1, formerly ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG) is a German mass media and digital company. It operates in three segments: Entertainment, Dating and Commerce & Ventures. The company is listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.


Whole view of company building
Detail view
Signboard of ProSiebenSat.1 TV Germany
ProSiebenSat.1 TV Germany, Detail view

KirchMedia GmbH & Co. KGaA became the majority shareholder in ProSieben Media AG at the end of 1999. ProSieben Media AG and Sat.1 SatellitenFernsehen GmbH, which was also part of the Kirch group, merged in 2000. The company controlled various TV channels such as SAT.1, ProSieben and kabel eins.

Collapse of the Kirch group and takeover by Haim Saban

The company nearly merged with KirchMedia GmbH in 2002, but the merger failed due to the insolvency of the Kirch group. The company's stock price crashed following the failed merger. In 2003 the company was bought out by P7S1 Holding, which 25-percent owned by Haim Saban's Saban Capital Group and other investors, who got an 88 percent voting share.[3] Saban took over the TV channel group for 500 million euro. The remaining 12 percent belonged to Axel Springer AG.

After the takeover by P7S1 Holding the company was restructured and some TV shows were cancelled.

The company's TV channels, aimed at an age group of 14 to 49 year-old had a market share of more than 30 percent and earned of 1.8 billion euro in 2002, making a profit of 21 million euro. In the same year, the company had over three thousand employees.

When chairman Urs Rohner left the company up to 30 April 2004 "at his own request", Guillaume de Posch, a Belgian, became the new chairman.

In 2005 Axel Springer Verlag offered to buy the company for three billion euro, but this purchase was blocked by the Federal Cartel Office and the Commission on Concentration in the Media,.[4] Springer announced withdrew its offer on 31 January 2006.

Takeover by Permira and KKR

Haim Saban's shareholding was bought by Permira, a private equity company and Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (KKR) for about three billion euro on 14 December 2006.[5] The shareholding was merged with Permira and KKR's other European media shareholding SBS Broadcasting Group from Luxemburg. SBS was made up of 19 private TV channels, 20 pay TV channels and radio stations.[6]

50.5 percent of the stock have got 88 percent of the voting rights. The rest - 49.5 percent - of the stock are listed on the stock exchange and in free float.

In the summer of 2007, ProSiebenSat.1 took 100 percent ownership in SBS for 3.3 billion euro[7] and became in this way to the second biggest television broadcaster in Europe with yearly revenues of 3.1 billion euro. On 16 July 2007 the concern announced the reduction of 180 jobs (100 of which in Berlin and 80 in Munich) until 2009. On the same day two boulevard shows at Sat.1 were cancelled. Subsequently, further news shows were also to be cancelled or downsized.[8]

On 10 December 2007 the Axel Springer AG announced a complete pull-out from ProSiebenSat.1 and the sale of their holding consisting of 12% of common stock and preferred stock to KKR and Permira for 500 million euro.[9] This transaction was concluded on 16 January 2008. Therefore, the Lavena Holding 5 which was jointly controlled by KKR and Permira got 5% of the common stock as well as 25% of the non-preferred stock.[10]

Upon the takeover of SBS by ProSiebenSat1 in Summer 2007 KKR and Permira offered an option to the other owner, Telegraaf Media Groep (TMG), for 12% of the common stock if they renounce their right of preemption.[11] In June 2008 TMG announced going into the company without their right of preemption.[12] This deal concluded in August of the same year.[13]

At the end of 2008,[14] Guillaume de Posch left the company at his own request. On 1 March 2009, Thomas Ebeling became the manager of the concern. He left the company in February 2018 and will be replaced by Max Conze on 1 June 2018. In the meantime Conrad Albert is taking over the management.[15]

In October 2009, the TV channel group had debts totaling more than 3.4 billion euro and they only paid the taxes for the loan.[16] The group saved especially on program expenditures.[17]

On 12 January 2011, Permira and KKR announced the sale of 8 million non-voting shares. That made up 3.7 percent of the capital stock. After finishing the bookbuilding process (according to their own disclosures) they are going to have 53 percent of the capital stock.

On 20 April 2011 ProSiebenSat.1 wanted to sell their TV channels in Belgium and the Netherlands for 1.225 billion euro to an international media group led by the Finnish concern Sanoma. The sale concluded on 29 July 2011.[18]

On 14 December 2012, the ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG announced the sale of the whole portfolio in Scandinavia to the American Discovery Communications Inc. Not included in the deal were the production companies, which are grouped as the Red Arrow Entertainment Group. With the proceeds they wanted to pay off 500 million euro in debt as well as increase the dividend to about 5.60 Euro per share (total of 1.2 billion euro). Besides, the ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG wanted to reorganize their stock plan, so that all shares bought on the stock market could be traded.[19]

In the middle of February 2013, the capital investors Permira and KKR started to sell all preferred shares in Lavena Holding 1, which amounts to 18 percent. The stock packet was sold at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange for close to 485 million euro (24.60 euro per share). This way, all preferred shares or half of the capital stock are now in free float.[20]

On 9 April 2013, the announced sale of the Scandinavian company from December 2012 was closed with a value of 1.325 billion euro.[21]

Exit of KKR and Permira

At the Annual general meeting at 23 July 2013 the Shareholder of the ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG decided to combine the preferred stocks and the KKR and Permira common stocks. In this way only the entitled votes can be traded at Frankfurt Stock Exchange. KKR and Permira got only a minority by 44% of the common stocks, because the authorized capital contains 50% common stocks and 50% preferred stocks. The capital investors also decided with the Telegraaf Media Groep to sell their interest in tranches at the stock exchange.[22][23]

At 19 August 2013 the ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG finished its stock exchange launch, so that future common stocks will be listed in MDAX and the exchange council doubles.[24]

At 4 and 6 September Lavenda Holding and Telegraaf Media Groep sold 17 percent of their stocks to institutional investors. Therefore, the stocks packet of KKR and Permira decreases to 33 percent and the Telegraaf Media Groep sold their stocks package and isn't stockholder anymore.[25]

At the end of 2013 ProSiebenSat.1 announced the sale of the rest of its Eastern Europe holdings. The Hungarian TV channels will be sold in a Management-Buy-Out. In Romania all TV and radio channels, except for Prima TV, which should be acquired by the Romanian businessman Cristian Burci and accepted by Greek Antenna Group. The takeovers were done in the first quarter of 2014. ProSiebenSat.1 acquired Gretzer Partners on Jan 2014 to expand global media footprint.[26]

On 17 January 2014, KKR and Permira sold their last interest so they aren't stockholders anymore.[21]

The entrance of Mediaset

In May 2019, the Italian Mediaset (Mediaset S.p.A.) invests 330 million euros to take over 9.6% of ProSiebenSat.1 without having a role in the management. In November 2019 Mediaset rises to 15.1% of the German broadcaster. The transaction took place through the subsidiary Mediaset España, which acquired a 5.5% stake in the capital, which is added to the shares already in the group's portfolio. On 23 March 2020 Mediaset España purchased a further 4.28% of the share capital equal to 4.35% of the voting rights, bringing Mediaset's stake to 20.1% and showing the ambition to want to participate in the governance of the issuer thanks also to the 10% held by the Czech magnate Daniel Křetínský, considered by analysts to be close to Pier Silvio Berlusconi in this match,[clarification needed] in order to form a European pole of generalist TV. A few days later, on 28 March, the CEO of the company, Max Conze, always cold to a possible alliance with Mediaset, resigned surprisingly at the end of a very heated board of directors. In his place Rainer Beaujean takes over with the task of guiding the group to a return to its origins, thus aiming at generalist TVs and in fact disavowing the diversification in ecommerce launched in recent years by Conze.

On 19 March 2018 the company was removed from the DAX stock market index, and listed in the MDAX.[27]

From 26 March 2020 to October 2022, Rainer Beaujean became the CEO of ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE, though he left the company "in agreement with the Supervisory Board" at his own request. Since 1 November 2022 Bert Habets, the former CEO at RTL Group's Group Management Committee holds the position.[28]

Corporate affairs

The key indicators of ProSiebenSat.1 are (as at the financial year ending 31 December):[29][30]

Year Revenue (€m) Net Profit[a] (€m) Number of employees (FTE)
2017 4,078 471 6,452
2018 4,009 248 6,532
2019 4,135 413 7,265
2020 4,047 267 7,128
2021 4,494 449 7,956
2022 4,163 5 7,501
2023 3,852 –124 7,310


German-language free-to-air and pay-TV channels

Germany Austria Switzerland US and Canada

Former channels

sonnenklar.TV was sold to BigXtra in September 2005. The pan-Nordic C More Entertainment pay-TV operation (15 linear TV channels) was sold to TV4 in January 2009. 9Live was a commercial German participation TV channel launched on 1 September 2001 and lasted until 9 August 2011. Sat.1 Comedy was replaced by Sat.1 Emotions in 2012.

Seven.One Studios

The logo of Seven.One Studios

In 2010, the company combined its various production subsidiaries into the Red Arrow Entertainment Group [de].[31] The group includes Studio71, which was started in Berlin in September 2013 as a German-language multi-channel network by Sebastian Weil and Ronald Horstman,[32][33] and later acquired an American competitor, Collective Digital Studio.[34] In January 2017, the French TF1 and Italian Mediaset networks acquired a 30% stake in Studio71.[35]

In December 2017, Studio71 and over 15 other companies were merged to create Red Arrow Studios.[36]

In 2020, Red Arrow Entertainment purchased a majority interest in the US company, Gravitas Ventures, a Cleveland, Ohio-based distributor of independent films and documentaries, primarily as video on demand (VOD). Gravitas maintained its management and staff and continues to operate independently and will cooperate with Red Arrow International, the company's distribution operation.[37]

In November 2022, Red Arrow Studios was rebranded to Seven.One Studios, following the sale of subsidiary Red Arrow Studios' U.S. production arm to Peter Chernin-owned The North Road Company in July of that year and the creation of two German production companies, Cheerio Entertainment and Flat White Productions.[38][39]

Divisions and partial subsidiaries include:


The company formed NuCom in 2018, and soon after sold a 24.9% stake to General Atlantic, a private equity firm.[48] In October 2018 Nucom bought eHarmony, an American dating website; it already held 94% of the similar German platform Parship.[48]


  1. ^ "Anteil der Gesellschafter der ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE"


  1. ^ a b c d e f "ProSiebenSat.1 verzeichnet 2018 weiteres Rekordjahr". ProSiebenSat.1 Media.
  2. ^ a b "Shareholder Structure". ProSiebenSat.1 Media. Retrieved 15 June 2024.
  3. ^ NACHRICHTEN, n-tv. "Der Untergang des Kirch-Imperiums". (in German). Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  4. ^ Gärtner, Birgit (15 December 2005). "Elefantenhochzeit vorläufig verschoben". heise online.
  5. ^ Der Verkauf von ProSiebenSat.1 – Ich bin dann mal weg
  6. ^ Der Fusionspartner: SBS-Medien
  7. ^ "ProSiebenSat.1: Übernahme von SBS ist perfekt".
  8. ^ "ProSiebenSat1 baut 180 Stellen ab"[permanent dead link] (dpa-report from 16 July 2007)
  9. ^ GmbH, "Springer steigt vollständig bei ProSiebenSat.1 aus -".
  10. ^ "Verkauf der ProSiebenSat.1-Anteile von Axel Springer an KKR". Archived from the original on 7 November 2014.
  11. ^ Holländer steigen groß bei ProSiebenSat.1 ein/
  12. ^ Niederländer verzichten auf Einstieg bei ProSiebenSat.1
  13. ^ Telegraaf Media Groep neuer Großaktionär bei ProSiebenSat.1
  14. ^ Führungschaos bei Pro Sieben Sat 1 at the Wayback Machine (archive index)
  15. ^ "Max Conze neuer Vorstandsvorsitzender der ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE". ProSiebenSat1 Media. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  16. ^ ProSiebenSat.1 will neue Geschäftsfelder erobern, 28 October 2009, unter
  17. ^ Werbeflaute belastet Springer und Pro Sieben, 6 August 2009, at
  18. ^ GmbH, "Milliarden-Deal: ProSiebenSat.1 verkauft Aktivitäten -".
  19. ^ "Pressemitteilung der P7S1 Group zum Verkauf des Nordeuropa Geschäfts". Archived from the original on 6 November 2014.
  20. ^ ProSiebenSat.1: KKR und Permira machen Kasse Archived 17 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 12 March 2013.
  21. ^ a b ProSiebenSat.1: Verkauf der TV- und Radio-Aktivitäten in Nordeuropa vollzogen Archived 6 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 9 April 2013.
  22. ^ Auf den Weg in den DAX retrieved 2 August 2013.
  23. ^ KEK-Online zur Beteiligungsveränderung. Retrieved at 3 August 2013.
  24. ^ manager-magazin "ProSiebenSat.1 geht komplett an die Börse" Archived 8 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved at 17 August 2013.
  25. ^ "Aktienverkauf von Lavena und TMG". Archived from the original on 11 September 2013.
  26. ^ GmbH, "ProSiebenSat.1 verkauft sein Osteuropa-Geschäft -".
  27. ^ "Covestro kommt statt ProSiebenSat.1 Media in den DAX". 6 March 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  28. ^ Jasmin Rehne (4 October 2022). "ProSiebenSat.1: CEO Rainer Beaujean geht". FINANCE (in German). Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  29. ^ "ProSiebenSat.1 Fundamentalanalyse | KGV | Kennzahlen". (in German). Retrieved 7 March 2024.
  30. ^ "ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE - Geschäftsbericht". ProSiebenSat.1 Media SE. Retrieved 7 March 2024.
  31. ^ Uwe Mantel (9 October 2010). P7S1 bündelt Produktions-Aktivitäten bei Red Arrow (in German). Accessed January 2018.
  32. ^ Georg Räth (12 April 2017). Kann jeder zum YouTube-Star werden? (in German). Gründerszene. Accessed January 2018.
  33. ^ Joachim Hofer (28 October 2015). Rund um die Welt mit Studio 71 (in German). Handelsblatt. Accessed January 2018.
  34. ^ Todd Spangler (27 January 2016). Collective Digital Studio Changes Name to Studio71. Variety. Accessed January 2018.
  35. ^ Gutelle, Sam (12 January 2017). "Digital Network Studio71 To Expand To France, Italy Through €53 Million Funding Round". Tubefilter. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  36. ^ Weiss, Geoff (8 December 2017). "ProSiebenSat.1 Merges Studio71 With Its 'Red Arrow' Global Production Group". Tubefilter. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  37. ^ Clarke, Stewart (8 November 2017). "Germany's Red Arrow Buys Gravitas Ventures, Moves Into Film". Variety. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  38. ^ White, Peter (6 July 2022). "Peter Chernin Forms Global Content Studio North Road, Pays $200M For Red Arrow Studios' U.S. Assets & Plots More Major Acquisitions With Multimillion-Dollar Funds". Deadline. Retrieved 4 September 2023.
  39. ^ Whittock, Jesse (9 November 2022). "ProSiebenSat.1 Creates Seven.One Studios In International Restructure". Deadline. Retrieved 4 September 2023.
  40. ^ Scott Roxborough (10 May 2012). "Red Arrow Acquires Majority Stakes in British & Israeli Indie Producers". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  41. ^ Scott Roxborough (1 March 2012). "Red Arrow Entertainment Group Buys CPL Productions". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  42. ^ "About".
  43. ^ "Snowman Productions – Seven.One Studios".
  44. ^ "Endor Productions – Seven.One Studios".
  45. ^ "Pyjama Pictures – Seven.One Studios".
  46. ^ a b "Redseven Entertainment – Seven.One Studios".
  47. ^ "RedSeven Brand & Digital Studio | Intro".
  48. ^ a b "Germany's ProSieben buys U.S. online dating site eharmony". Reuters Business News. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2021.