Progress M-10
Mission typeMir resupply
COSPAR ID1991-073A
SATCAT no.21746Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeProgress-M 11F615A55
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass7,250 kilograms (15,980 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date17 October 1991, 00:05:25 (1991-10-17UTC00:05:25Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur Site 1/5
End of mission
Decay date20 January 1992 (1992-01-21)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude376 kilometres (234 mi)[1]
Apogee altitude377 kilometres (234 mi)[1]
Inclination51.6 degrees
Docking with Mir
Docking portCore Forward
Docking date21 October 1991, 03:40:50 UTC
Undocking date20 January 1992, 07:13:44 UTC
Time docked91 days

Progress M-10 (Russian: Прогресс М-10) was a Soviet and subsequently Russian uncrewed cargo spacecraft which was launched in 1991 to resupply the Mir space station.[2] The twenty-eighth of sixty-four Progress spacecraft to visit Mir, it used the Progress-M 11F615A55 configuration,[3] and had the serial number 211.[4] It carried supplies including food, water and oxygen for the EO-10 crew aboard Mir, as well as equipment for conducting scientific research, and fuel for adjusting the station's orbit and performing manoeuvres. It carried the fourth VBK-Raduga capsule, which was used to return experiment results and equipment to Earth when the Progress was deorbited.

Progress M-10 was launched at 00:05:25 GMT on 17 October 1991, atop a Soyuz-U2 carrier rocket flying from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.[4] Following four days of free flight, it docked with the Forward port of the core module on the second attempt, at 03:40:50 GMT on 21 October.[5] The first attempt had been aborted by the Progress' onboard computer when the spacecraft was 150 metres (490 ft) away from the station.[6]

During the 91 days for which Progress M-10 was docked, Mir was in an orbit of around 376 by 377 kilometres (203 by 204 nmi), inclined at 51.6 degrees.[1] It was launched by the Soviet Union, which was dissolved in December 1991, and along with most aspects of the Soviet space programme, Progress M-10 was inherited by Russia. It undocked from Mir at 07:13:44 GMT on 20 January 1992, and was deorbited few hours later to a destructive reentry over the Pacific Ocean.[1] The Raduga capsule landed at 12:03:30 GMT.[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  2. ^ "Progress M-10". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Progress-M 1 - 13, 15 - 37, 39 - 67 (11F615A55, 7KTGM)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  4. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  5. ^ a b Anikeev, Alexander. "Cargo spacecraft "Progress M-10"". Manned Astronautics - Figures & Facts. Archived from the original on 2007-10-18. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  6. ^ Wade, Mark. "Progress M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2009-08-03. Retrieved 2009-08-28.