Progress M-9
Mission typeMir resupply
COSPAR ID1991-057A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.21662Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeProgress-M 11F615A55
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass7,250 kilograms (15,980 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date20 August 1991, 22:54:10 (1991-08-20UTC22:54:10Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur Site 1/5
End of mission
Decay date30 September 1991 (1991-10-01)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude379 kilometres (235 mi)[1]
Apogee altitude396 kilometres (246 mi)[1]
Inclination51.6 degrees
Docking with Mir
Docking portCore Forward
Docking date23 August 1991, 00:54:17 UTC
Undocking date30 September 1991, 01:53:00 UTC
Time docked38 days

Progress M-9 (Russian: Прогресс М-9) was a Soviet uncrewed cargo spacecraft which was launched in 1991 to resupply the Mir space station.[2] The twenty-seventh of sixty four Progress spacecraft to visit Mir, it used the Progress-M 11F615A55 configuration,[3] and had the serial number 210.[4] It carried supplies including food, water and oxygen for the EO-9 crew aboard Mir, as well as equipment for conducting scientific research, and fuel for adjusting the station's orbit and performing manoeuvres. It was the third Progress spacecraft to carry a VBK-Raduga capsule, which was used to return equipment and experiment results to Earth.

Progress M-9 was launched at 22:54:10 GMT on 20 August 1991, atop a Soyuz-U2 carrier rocket flying from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.[4] Following two days of free flight, it docked with the forward port of Mir's core module at 00:54:17 GMT on 23 August.[5][6]

During the thirty eight days for which Progress M-9 was docked, Mir was in an orbit of approximately 379 by 396 kilometres (205 by 214 nmi), inclined at 51.6 degrees.[1] Progress M-9 undocked from Mir at 01:53:00 GMT on 30 September, and was deorbited few hours later at 07:45, to a destructive reentry over the Pacific Ocean.[1][5] The Raduga capsule landed in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic at 08:16:24 GMT.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  2. ^ "Progress M-9". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Progress-M 1 - 13, 15 - 37, 39 - 67 (11F615A55, 7KTGM)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  4. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  5. ^ a b Anikeev, Alexander. "Cargo spacecraft "Progress M-9"". Manned Astronautics - Figures & Facts. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  6. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "Progress M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2009-07-10. Retrieved 2009-08-28.