53°13′14.52″N 50°18′04.32″E / 53.2207000°N 50.3012000°E / 53.2207000; 50.3012000

Progress Rocket Space Centre
Company typeJoint-stock company
IndustrySpace science
Aerospace research
Founded12 April 1996
Revenue$593 million[1] (2017)
$26.5 million[1] (2017)
$21.7 billion[1] (2017)
Total assets$1.69 billion[1] (2017)
Total equity$488 million[1] (2017)
Number of employees
17,703 Edit this on Wikidata

The Progress Rocket Space Centre (Russian: Ракетно-космический центр «Прогресс»), formerly known as TsSKB-Progress (Russian: ЦСКБ-Прогресс), is a Russian joint-stock company under the jurisdiction of Roscosmos State Corporation responsible for space science and aerospace research.[3] It was the developer of the famous Soyuz-FG rocket that was used for crewed space flight, as well as the Soyuz-U that was used for launching uncrewed probes.[4]


Progress Centre was the developer and manufacturer of the Soyuz FG series of launch vehicles that were used for human spaceflight launches, and the Soyuz-U series that were used for robotic spacecraft launches.[5][6] Commercial marketing of these launch vehicles was handled by the company Starsem. TsSKB-Progress' satellite products include the Foton and Foton-M science satellite series, the Yantar military satellites and the Resurs DK Earth resource satellite.[7]

The company's main production facilities are located in the city of Samara, Russia. They include a design bureau, a large R-7 factory called Progress and an affiliate design bureau KB Foton. Up to 25,000 people work in the Progress factory; of them, 5,000 work in rocket and satellite systems, and 360 work on the R-7 production line at any given time. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the factory has also diversified into machine tools, vodka and sweets.[7]


In 1941, the State Aviation Plant No.1 was moved from Moscow to the city now known as Samara, Russia, near the Volga River. The plant, named Dooks, had been created in 1917, using facilities in Moscow which had previously been used for the manufacture of bicycles, motorcycles, and various other vehicles. Before World War II, the plant had manufactured several aeroplane models at the Moscow location, including the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3. During the war, the plant manufactured Ilyushin Il-2 and Ilyushin Il-10 aircraft. In 1946, it began production of Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 and Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jet fighters, and in 1954, it started to produce Tupolev Tu-16 bombers.

On 2 January 1958, the Soviet Union government ordered State Aviation Plant No.1 to begin production of R-7 Semyorka rockets.

The Central Specialized Design Bureau (TsSKB) was established on 30 June 1974. Dmitri Kozlov,[8] who had been the chief designer of the R-7 and a Deputy Chief Designer of ОКB-1, was appointed General Designer of TsSKB on 6 July 1983.

On 12 April 1996, two Russian aerospace organizations, the Central Specialized Design Bureau (Russian: Центральное специализированное конструкторское бюро), TsSKB, and the Samara Progress plant were merged to form TsSKB-Progress.[9]

In 2003, A.N. Kirilin was appointed as General Director of "TsSKB-Progress", and D.I. Kozlov became its Honorary General Designer.

Rockets and missiles


See also


  1. ^ a b c d e https://www.samspace.ru/upload/iblock/d8e/%D0%91%D1%83%D1%85%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F%20%D1%84%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%8F%20%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8C%20%D0%B7%D0%B0%202017%20%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4.pdf. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "О мерах по созданию Государственной корпорации по космической деятельности "Роскосмос"". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Samara-Space". Archived from the original on 25 June 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  4. ^ "Space industry organizations in Russia and CIS". Roscosmos. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  5. ^ "Soyuz-FG". Roscosmos. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  6. ^ "Soyuz-U". Roscosmos. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  7. ^ a b Harvey, Brian (2007). The Rebirth of the Russian Space Program: 50 Years After Sputnik, New Frontiers. Springer. p. 277. ISBN 978-0-387-71354-0.
  8. ^ "Скончался бывший генконструктор "ЦСКБ-Прогресс" Дмитрий Козлов". Gazeta.ru. 7 March 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2009.
  9. ^ "History - Samara Space Centre". Samara Space Centre. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.