3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||46.00 g·mol−1|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Propynyllithium is an organolithium compound with the chemical formula LiC
3. It is a white solid that is soluble in 1,2-dimethoxyethane, and tetrahydrofuran. To preclude its degradation by oxygen and water, propynyllithium and its solutions are handled under inert gas (argon or nitrogen). Although commonly depicted as a monomer, propynyllithium adopts a more complicated cluster structure as seen for many other organolithium compounds. Furthermore, propargyl lithium reagents often exist in equilibrium with allenyl isomers.
Various preparations of propynyllithium are known, but the most expeditious route starts with 1-bromopropene:
It can be prepared by passing propyne gas through a solution of n-butyllithium or by direct metallization of propyne with lithium in liquid ammonia or other solvent. Propyne, however, is an expensive gas, and, therefore, it is sometimes replaced by less expensive gas mixtures used for welding and containing a small percentage of propyne.
Propynyllithium is used in the organic synthesis as a reactant. It is a nucleophile that adds to aldehydes to give secondary alcohols, with ketones to give tertiary alcohols, and with acid chlorides to give ketones containing the propynyl group. These reactions are used in the synthesis of complex natural and synthetic substances such as the drug mifepristone.
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