June 1922 (reorganization)
March 1936 (reorganization)
5 November 1991 (reorganization)
|Jurisdiction||Constitution of Ukraine|
|Headquarters||13/15, Riznytska st, Kyiv|
|Motto||"Закон. Честь. Гідність." ("Law. Honour. Dignity.")|
The Prosecutor General of Ukraine (also Procurator General of Ukraine, Ukrainian: Генеральний прокурор України) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known as the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Генеральна прокуратура України). In 1991 the post was inherited from the socialist law state. The term of authority of the Prosecutor is six years. She or he is appointed and dismissed by the president with parliamentary consent. Parliament can force the Prosecutor General to resign after a vote of no-confidence.
The current Prosecutor General is since 17 March 2020 Iryna Venediktova.
There are seven more additional deputies to the Prosecutor General. The Prosecution General Office is a state institution that is directly proscribed in the Constitution of Ukraine along with the Cabinet of Ukraine, Verkhovna Rada, President of Ukraine.
Since its establishment in 1917/18 the Prosecutor General Office of Ukraine was subordinated to the Government of Ukraine, while the Prosecutor General holding the post of the Minister of Justice. In 1922 it was reorganized under socialist law after the Soviet occupation of Ukraine. With adaptation of the Stalin's Constitution of 1936/37, the office's subordination changed and, instead of subordinating to the government of Ukraine, it was subordinated to the Prosecutor General Office of the Soviet Union directly. The status of the office was lowered and no longer holding any posts in the government of the union republic. With dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Prosecutor General Office of Ukraine exists as an independent agency.
The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with:
The Prosecutor General is appointed to office by the President of Ukraine with the consent of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). The Prosecutor is dismissed from office by the President. The Verkhovna Rada may express no confidence in the Prosecutor which will results, after a required number of votes is achieved, in their resignation from office.
Both in theory and in practice, the Prosecutor General and their office wield considerable power. (For instance, only the Prosecutor General and the Chairman of the Supreme Court of Ukraine may file requests to the Verkhovna Rada to withhold the immunity of deputies from detainment or arrest.) This is a legacy of the Soviet Union state prosecutor’s office founded in 1937 of which the current Prosecutor General office is the successor. After Ukraine's independence in 1991 many of the Prosecutor General office functions were expanded. In 2016 the powers of the Prosecutor General office were decreased and (starting in January 2017) limited to:
On annual basis the Prosecutor General has to report to the Verkhovna Rada about the legal situation in the country.
The Prosecutor General creates a collegiate council consisting out of the Prosecutor General, their first and other deputies, the Prosecutor of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea[nb 1], and other leaders of prosecution agencies.
The independent agency General Inspectorate oversees "the legality of actions undertaken by prosecutors and investigators of the whole prosecution system".
As of 21 December 2019[update]
The post of Prosecutor General appeared back in 1917. After Ukraine declared its independence from the Russian Republic due to the Bolshevik's aggression and became the Ukrainian People's Republic, the post was held by the minister of justice.
|x||1917 — 1918||Dmytro Markovych|
After the occupation of Ukraine by Bolsheviks in June 1922 there was established the Prosecutor's Office of the Ukrainian SSR. In the early years of the Ukrainian SSR, the office of Prosecutor General was merged with the Minister of Justice until spring 1936. From 1937 to 1991 the republican prosecution office of Ukraine was subordinated to the Prosecutor General of the USSR. Until 1937 the Prosecutor General of Ukraine was appointed by the higher bodies of state power of Ukraine.
|1||1922 — 1927||Mykola Skrypnyk||Procurator General|
|2||1927 — 1930||Vasyl Poraiko||Procurator General|
|3||1930 — 1933||Vasiliy Polyakov||Procurator General|
|4||1933 — 1935||Mikhail Mikhailik||Procurator General|
|5||1935 — 1936||Arkadiy Kiselyov||Procurator General|
|6||1936||Grigoriy Zhelyeznogorskiy||Procurator General|
|7||1938 — 1944||Leonid Yachenin||Procurator|
|8||1944 — 1953||Roman Rudenko||Procurator|
|9||1953 — 1963||Denys Panasyuk||Procurator|
|10||1963 — 1983||Fedir Hlukh||Procurator|
|11||1983 — 1990||Petro Osypenko||Procurator|
|Prosecutor General of Ukraine|
Генеральний прокурор України
|Appointer||President of Ukraine|
with parliamentary consent
|Term length||Six years|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution Article 122|
|Inaugural holder||Dmytro Markevych (originally) / Viktor Shyshkin (acting)|
|Formation||Jan 18, 1918 (originally) / Nov 5, 1991 (post-declaration)|
This list shows prosecutors of independent Ukraine. In the absence of the Prosecutor General, the office is headed by their First Deputy as the acting Prosecutor General.
Prior to January 2017 the term of authority of the Prosecutor was five years. Since January 2017 this was increased to six years.
|#||Prosecutor General of Ukraine||Name|
|1||September 4, 1991 — October 21, 1993||Viktor Shyshkin|
|2||October 21, 1993 — October 19, 1995||Vladyslav Datsiuk|
|3||October 19, 1995 — July 22, 1997||Hryhoriy Vorsinov|
|act||July 22, 1997 — April 24, 1998||Oleh Lytvak|
|act||April 24, 1998 — July 17, 1998||Bohdan Ferents|
|4||July 17, 1998 — April 30, 2002||Mykhailo Potebenko|
|April 30, 2002 — July 6, 2002||unknown|
|5||July 6, 2002 — October 29, 2003||Sviatoslav Piskun|
|October 29, 2003 — November 8, 2003||unknown|
|6||November 8, 2003 — December 9, 2004||Hennadiy Vasylyev|
|7||December 10, 2004 — October 14, 2005||Sviatoslav Piskun|
|October 14, 2005 — November 4, 2005||unknown|
|8||November 4, 2005 — April 26, 2007||Oleksandr Medvedko|
|9||April 26, 2007 — May 24, 2007||Sviatoslav Piskun|
|act||May 24, 2007 — June 1, 2007||Viktor Shemchuk|
|10||June 1, 2007 — November 3, 2010||Oleksandr Medvedko|
|11||November 4, 2010 — February 22, 2014||Viktor Pshonka|
|comm||February 22, 2014 — February 24, 2014||Oleh Makhnitsky|
|act||February 24, 2014 — June 18, 2014||Oleh Makhnitsky(1)|
|12||June 19, 2014 — February 11, 2015||Vitaly Yarema|
|13||February 11, 2015 — March 29, 2016(2)||Viktor Shokin|
|act||March 29, 2016(3) — 12 May 2016||Yuriy Sevruk|
|14||May 12, 2016 — August 29, 2019||Yuriy Lutsenko|
|15||August 29, 2019 — March 5, 2020||Ruslan Riaboshapka|
|act||March 6, 2020 – March 17, 2020||Viktor Chumak|
|16||March 17, 2020 – present||Iryna Venediktova|
|Rank||Jurist, 3rd class||Jurist, 2nd class||Jurist, 1st class||Junior Councillor of Justice||Councillor of Justice||Senior Councillor of Justice||State Councillor
of Justice, 3rd class
of Justice, 2nd class
of Justice, 1st class
of Justice of Ukraine