Protein PRKAA1 PDB 2h6d.png
Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesPRKAA1, AMPK, AMPKa1, Protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 1, protein kinase AMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha 1
External IDsOMIM: 602739 MGI: 2145955 HomoloGene: 49590 GeneCards: PRKAA1
EC number2.7.11.26
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)


Location (UCSC)Chr 5: 40.76 – 40.8 MbChr 15: 5.17 – 5.21 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PRKAA1 gene.[5][6]

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the serine/threonine protein kinase family. It is the catalytic subunit of the 5'-prime-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a cellular energy sensor conserved in all eukaryotic cells. The kinase activity of AMPK is activated by the stimuli that increase the cellular AMP/ATP ratio. AMPK regulates the activities of a number of key metabolic enzymes through phosphorylation. It protects cells from stresses that cause ATP depletion by switching off ATP-consuming biosynthetic pathways. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed.[6]


Protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 1 has been shown to interact with TSC2.[7][8]


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000132356 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000050697 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Stapleton D, Mitchelhill KI, Gao G, Widmer J, Michell BJ, Teh T, House CM, Fernandez CS, Cox T, Witters LA, Kemp BE (Feb 1996). "Mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase subfamily". J Biol Chem. 271 (2): 611–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.2.611. PMID 8557660.
  6. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: PRKAA1 protein kinase, AMP-activated, alpha 1 catalytic subunit".
  7. ^ Inoki, Ken; Zhu Tianqing; Guan Kun-Liang (Nov 2003). "TSC2 mediates cellular energy response to control cell growth and survival". Cell. United States. 115 (5): 577–90. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(03)00929-2. ISSN 0092-8674. PMID 14651849. S2CID 18173817.
  8. ^ Shaw, Reuben J; Bardeesy Nabeel; Manning Brendan D; Lopez Lyle; Kosmatka Monica; DePinho Ronald A; Cantley Lewis C (Jul 2004). "The LKB1 tumor suppressor negatively regulates mTOR signaling". Cancer Cell. United States. 6 (1): 91–9. doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2004.06.007. ISSN 1535-6108. PMID 15261145.

Further reading