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Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
Blausen 0750 PseudostratifiedCiliatedColumnar.png
Illustration depicting Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium.
Details
FunctionEpithelium
Identifiers
THH2.00.02.0.02021
FMA45572
Anatomical terms of microanatomy

A pseudostratified epithelium is a type of epithelium that, though comprising only a single layer of cells, has its cell nuclei positioned in a manner suggestive of stratified epithelia. As it rarely occurs as squamous or cuboidal epithelia, it is usually considered synonymous with the term pseudostratified columnar epithelium.

The term pseudostratified is derived from the appearance of this epithelium in the section which conveys the erroneous (pseudo means almost or approaching) impression that there is more than one layer of cells, when in fact this is a true simple epithelium since all the cells rest on the basement membrane. The nuclei of these cells, however, are disposed at different levels, thus creating the illusion of cellular stratification. All cells are not of equal size and not all cells extend to the luminal/apical surface; such cells are capable of cell division providing replacements for cells lost or damaged.

Pseudostratified epithelia function in secretion or absorption. If a specimen looks stratified but has cilia, then it is a pseudostratified ciliated epithelium, since stratified epithelia do not have cilia. Ciliated epithelia are more common and lines the trachea, bronchi. Non-ciliated epithelia lines the larger ducts such as the ducts of parotid glands.

Examples

Additional images

Pseudostratified columnar epithelium, animated image highlights the epithelial cells, goblet cells, then underlying connective tissue
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium, animated image highlights the epithelial cells, goblet cells, then underlying connective tissue

References

  1. ^ Haschek, Wanda; Rousseaux, Colin (2012). Haschek and Rousseaux's handbook of toxicologic pathology (Second ed.). Amsterdam: Academic Press. ISBN 9780124157590.
  2. ^ Ross, Michael H., auteur. (27 December 2018), Histology : a text and atlas : with correlated cell and molecular biology, ISBN 9781496383426, OCLC 1089540703((citation)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Höfer, D.; Drenckhahn, D. (1996). "Cytoskeletal differences between stereocilia of the human sperm passageway and microvilli/stereocilia in other locations". Anatomical Record. 245 (1): 57–64. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0185(199605)245:1<57::AID-AR10>3.0.CO;2-8. PMID 8731041.
  4. ^ Robbins, Cotran. Pathologic Basis of Disease. p. 1080.