Q4OS
Q4OS 4.8 (Gemini) running the Trinity Desktop Environment version R14.0.11
DeveloperQ4OS development team
OS familyLinux
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release0.5.0[1] / 4 July 2013; 10 years ago (2013-07-04)
Latest release5.4[2] Edit this on Wikidata / 27 November 2023; 6 months ago (27 November 2023)
Available inMultilingual
Update methodAPT
Package managerdpkg
Platformsx86-64, i386, armhf, arm64
Kernel typeLinux kernel
UserlandGNU
Default
user interface
TDE, KDE Plasma
LicenseFree software licenses (mainly GPL) + some proprietary
Official websiteq4os.org Edit this at Wikidata

Q4OS is a light-weight Linux distribution, based on Debian, targeted as a replacement for operating systems that are no longer supported on outdated hardware.[3] The distribution is known for an addon called XPQ4, which adds themes intended to replicate the look and feel of Windows 2000 and Windows XP.[4][5][6]

History

Development of Q4OS began in 8th April 2014 to coincide with Windows XP's end of extended support in the same year.[7]

LXQt Desktop Environment was included from April 2014 to June 2015.

In 2018 TDE (Trinity Desktop Environment) was included.

In 2019, version 3.8 was released which was based on Debian Buster.[8]

The original KDE based version has been discontinued since around 2018.[9]

As of April 2020, the core developers of Q4OS, initially starting the project in Germany,[10] are now operating in Prague, Czech Republic.[11][12]

Features

It comes with either the Trinity Desktop Environment, which is a fork of K Desktop Environment 3.[13] or KDE Plasma 5

LookSwitcher, which lets the user switch visual themes

Desktop Profiler, which automatically installs some packages and programs that may be ideal for the user according to the profile that they choose

Q4OS Software Centre, which lets the user install some recommended packages and programs from a list

Q4OS Welcome Screen, which helps the user with some initial tweaks

Releases

Stable versions of Q4OS are derived from Debian's Stable release branch with long-term support that lasts five years after their initial release.[14] Developmental "testing" versions of future releases are derived from the Debian Testing branch.[15]

Version[16] Codename Release date End-of-life Description
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.5.0 2013-07-04 Initial Release[17]
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1-RC2 2015-04-14 Second release candidate of Q4OS 1.1
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.2 Orion 2015-04-27 Initial version to be specified under codename Orion
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.2.3 2015-06-08 The LXQt desktop environment is now supported
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.4 2015-09-04 Initial version to support devices running on ARM architecture[18]
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.6.3 2016-08-05 Implemented UEFI support
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.8.4 2017-04-26 Icedove is replaced with Mozilla Thunderbird, LXQt is unsupported[19]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0.2 Scorpion 2016-01-06 Initial testing version of Q4OS Scorpion
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.3.6 2017-10-04 "Final beta" release
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.4 2017-10-04 2022-10 Initial stable release of Q4OS Scorpion and to provide long-term support
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.5 2018-06-03 2023-06 TDE is now bundled with KDE Plasma
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.1 Centaurus 2018-01-29 Initial testing version of Q4OS Centaurus
Older version, yet still maintained: 3.8 2019-07-15 2024-07 Initial stable release of Q4OS Centaurus
Older version, yet still maintained: 3.10 2020-01-04 2025-01 TDE and KDE Plasma have been split into separate installation images
Older version, yet still maintained: 3.13 2020-12-19 2025-12 The Snap daemon has been removed from default installation
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0 Gemini 2020-02-16 Initial testing version of Q4OS Gemini
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.6 2021-09-27 2026-09 Initial stable release of Q4OS Gemini
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.7 2021-11-22 2026-11
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.8 2022-04-05 2027-04
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.10 2022-08-01 2027-08
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.11 2022-12-24 2027-08
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.12 2023-05-03 2027-08 Calamares installer has been polished
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0 Aquarius 2023-03-27 Initial testing version of Q4OS Aquarius
Current stable version: 5.2 2023-07-08 2028-06 Initial stable release of Q4OS Aquarius
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Reception

File:Haritha With Her Husband.jpg
Haritha With Her Husband At The Wedding Reception
File:Sreeram While Studying College.jpg
Sreeram While Studying At College

A Student named Sreeram from Tiruchirappalli was studying Diploma in Computer science engineering in 1st Year Department at Government Polytechnic College. While studying in college, Haritha, his stepdaughter's daughter, got married in her hometown. The Wedding reception was held at the Wedding hall in Kailasapuram. At the event, she said, "He doesn't study in College, he only studies in school", and a student named Sainath, who is studying in the same department in the same college called him as a "worst student" at the college. After coming to 2nd Year, the teachers in the Lab did not make him sit on the computer during the Linux Period at college. As there are many distributions of Linux and he doesn't know which one is good, his mind is affected. So he decided to die by drinking Poison. But he was sent to the Hospital for treatment and survived. So he forgot about Linux. After 3 years he discovered Q4OS. This Operating system is changed his life.[20] Customary to wear a Lemon Garland to Kala Bhairava in the temple every Tuesday to keep him well. 10 years after the initial release of Q4OS, on Tuesday 4th July 2023, He came to the temple to wear a lemon garland to Kala Bhairava and benefited from Q4OS. A little girl came to the temple. As it was her Birthday, she gave the candy to the Temple priest. He took the candy that she gave to him and put them on the plate. Sreeram saw the Candy on the plate. He saw the candy on the plate and asked the Priest, "May I take the candy on the plate?". And the priest said, "Take it, this candy, This is for you." He took the candy from the plate. He said, "The candy on the plate is not the birthday of the little girl who came to the temple, it is a gift from God." According to him, Q4OS has been a godsend. Note: Idiots Are Must Do Not Remove The Neoshine Efforts Story, Idiots Are Nonsense

SourceForge featured Q4OS as "Community Choice" Project of the Month in April 2020.[12]

In January 2022, TechRadar considered Q4OS as one of the best light-weight Linux distributions of the year for its Windows installer and support for older hardware, notably systems running on 32-bit processors.[21]

Forks

Quarkos

Quarkos (formerly known as Quark) is an official fork of Q4OS that uses an Ubuntu base instead of Debian.[22] It describes itself as a 'user-friendly, desktop oriented operating system based on Ubuntu Linux'.[23] It comes in two variants, one of which uses the same desktop theme as Q4OS, while the other uses a visual theme similar to Windows 10.[24]

Quark 20.04

Quark 20.04 'Focal' was the first release, coming with the same base as Ubuntu 20.04. It was released on the September 25th 2020, featuring only the KDE Plasma 5 desktop.[23] On November 3, 2020, the development team announced that Microsoft Edge was now available for Linux, and users of Quark would be able to install it by downloading a .esh file from the Q4OS GitHub repository.[25]

Quark 20.04.4, released September 24, 2021 added bugfixes from upstream Kubuntu.[26] On October 9, 2021, the development team announced the general availability of the Windows installer for Quark 20.04 Focal.[27]

Quark 20.04.5 was made available on November 28, 2021, bringing bugfixes from Kubuntu and Trinity desktop environment R14.0.11.[28] An updated version of the Quark installer for windows was released on February 2, 2022.[29]

Quark 20.04.6 brought security bugfixes from upstream Kubuntu.

Quark 21.10

Quark 21.10 'Impish' testing was announced on October 9, 2021, based on Kubuntu 21.10 and tools backported from Q4OS 4 'Gemini'.[30] It was released with a stable version on October 18, 2021, with KDE Plasma 5.22 by default and the Windows and Q4OS themed variants. It also came with another edition with the Trinity 14.0.11 desktop backported from Q4OS.[31] Quark 21.10 was supported until August 2, 2022, following the end of support for Ubuntu 21.10.

Quarkos 22.04

Quarkos 22.04 'Jammy' was released on August 24, 2022, based on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS and Plasma 5.24. It will be supported until at least April 2027.[32]

Quarkos 22.04 changes the branding from simply Quark to Quarkos, bringing separate installation media for the Trinity desktop, which has been updated to R14.0.12, but with the KDE Plasma edition as the default.[32]

Quarkos 22.04.5 and 22.04.6 were released on December 29, 2022[33] and February 27, 2023[34] respectively, each bringing security updates and bugfixes from upstream Ubuntu.

Quarkos 22.04.7 was released on March 19, 2023, and brought updates from the latest release of Ubuntu 22.04. It also replaced much of the Q4OS branding with its own, including artwork, logos and branding integrated into the system.[35] The source code was made available on the Q4OS project GitHub.[36]

Quarkos 22.04-r8, released on June 23, 2023, brought the newest patches from Ubuntu 22.04 and Q4OS. It improves the Debonaire Plasma theme, updates the Trinity Desktop Environment to version 14.1.1 and includes fixes for the Trinity audio system.[37]

FreeXP

FreeXP is a system based Q4OS which included XPQ4. Users can set up the system using a .esh file to install the full set of features, or a live installer with the changes already made.[38] The purpose of the project is to provide an 'XP Simulation', similar to how FreeDOS emulates MS-DOS, making it easy to run legacy Windows XP applications and executables.[39] The standalone project has merged with the XPQ4 project, where users can download FreeXP, XPQ4 installer for the Plasma or Trinity desktop, and 'Free10', a project similar to FreeXP but emulating Windows 10.[38]

Kongunix

Kongunix is a Kongu Vellalar community Linux distribution developed by Neoshine which is the trending entertainment content creator on Moj app to try Q4OS on Virtual machine without any changes to the computer's configuration. Latest version is 5.2 (Monika).[40]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Q4OS Website Archived on Wayback Machine At 7th July 2013". Archived from the original on 2013-07-07. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  2. ^ "Q4OS - desktop operating system". Retrieved 3 January 2024.
  3. ^ Wallen, Jack (2018-02-16). "Q4OS Makes Linux Easy for Everyone". Linux.com. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  4. ^ Germain, Jack M. (2015-03-18). "Q4OS Is a Bare-Bones Business Tool". TechNewsWorld. Retrieved 2022-03-30.
  5. ^ Stahie, Silviu (2014-09-09). "Q4OS 0.5.18 Is an Almost Exact Linux Replica of Windows XP – Gallery". Softpedia. Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  6. ^ "Q4OS - கணியம்". kaniyam.com (in Tamil). Retrieved 2024-02-12.
  7. ^ Ranchal, Juan (29 November 2017). "Q4OS: nunca ha sido más fácil usar Linux junto a Windows". MuyComputer (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-03-27.
  8. ^ Nestor, Marius (28 July 2019). "Q4OS Operating System Brings the Trinity Desktop to Debian GNU/Linux 10 "Buster"". Softpedia. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  9. ^ Apfelböck, Hermann (2018-12-02). "Linux auf dem Stick: 10 Ideen für den Einsatz". PC-WELT (in German). Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  10. ^ Germain, Jack. "Fresh bit o' Linux to spruce up that ancient Windows Vista box? Why not, we say..." The Register. Retrieved 2022-03-27.
  11. ^ "Q4OS - desktop operating system". q4os.org. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  12. ^ a b "April 2020, "Community Choice" Project of the Month – Q4OS". SourceForge Community Blog. 2020-04-03. Retrieved 2022-03-27.
  13. ^ Thommes, Ferdinand (16 May 2014). "Das Design von Windows XP lebt in Linux weiter". ComputerBase (in German). Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  14. ^ Paul, John (2019-05-26). "Q4OS Linux Revives Your Old Laptop with Windows' Looks - It's FOSS". It's FOSS. Retrieved 2022-03-23.
  15. ^ "Development Release: Q4OS 4.2 Testing (DistroWatch.com News)". DistroWatch. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  16. ^ "Q4OS - desktop operating system". q4os.org. Retrieved 2022-03-21.
  17. ^ "Q4OS Website Archived on Wayback Machine At 7th July 2013". Archived from the original on 2013-07-07. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  18. ^ "Q4OS - desktop operating system". q4os.org. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  19. ^ Nestor, Marius (2017-04-25). "Debian-Based Q4OS 1.8.4 Operating System Lets Users Select Alternative Desktops". Softpedia. Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  20. ^ "Q4 இயங்குதளம் - வாழ்க்கை என்னும் போராடும் போர்கலத்தில் வென்ற என்னுடைய ஒரு புதிய சாதனை". neoshineofficial.blogspot.com (in Tamil). Retrieved 2024-02-12.
  21. ^ Sharma, Shashank; Peers, Nick; Cox, Alex; Drake, Nate; Sharma, Mayank (2022-01-17). "Best lightweight Linux distros of 2022". TechRadar. Retrieved 2022-03-27.
  22. ^ February 2021, Mayank Sharma 26 (2021-02-26). "Quark 20.04 review". TechRadar. Retrieved 2021-09-06.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  23. ^ a b "Quarkos / Blog: Stable release Quark 20.04". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  24. ^ "Official Website of Quarkos". quark-os.sourceforge.io. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  25. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Microsoft Edge for Quark". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  26. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Quark 20.04.4". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  27. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Installer for Windows 10 update". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  28. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Quark 20.04.5 Focal". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  29. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Update to installer for Windows". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
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  32. ^ a b "Quarkos / Blog: Quarkos 22.04 Jammy LTS, brand new stable release". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  33. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Quarkos 22.04.5 Jammy". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  34. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Quarkos 22.04.6 Jammy". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  35. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Quarkos 22.04.7 Jammy". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  36. ^ Q4OS branding, Q4OS operating system, 2023-03-17, retrieved 2023-10-07
  37. ^ "Quarkos / Blog: Quarkos 22.04.8 Jammy". sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  38. ^ a b "XPQ4 - Windows look'n feel for your Q4OS desktop". xpq4.sourceforge.io. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  39. ^ "FreeXP - XP like operating system". 2018-11-18. Archived from the original on 2018-11-18. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  40. ^ "Official Website of Kongunix GNU/Linux - Kongu Vellalar Community Linux Distribution". kongunix.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2024-02-11.