|Function||Small-lift space launch vehicle|
|Manufacturer||Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps|
|Country of origin||Iran|
|Payload to LEO 500 km|
|Total launches||1 (suborbital)|
|First flight||5 November 2022|
|Last flight||5 November 2022|
|Maximum thrust||68,000 kilograms-force (670,000 N; 150,000 lbf)|
|Burn time||60 seconds|
|Powered by||Unnamed IRGC motor|
Qaem 100 (also Ghaem 100, Persian: قائم ۱۰۰) is an Iranian expendable small-lift launch vehicle in development by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). It was unveiled on 5 November 2022 and is the first rocket of the Qaem family. According to the IRGC Qaem 110 will be utilized to launch the Nahid satellite for telecommunication purposes.
In 2020, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps successfully launched its first rocket, the Qased. Experience acquired through the Qased's development allowed the IRGC to develop the Qaem 100. Its first suborbital test flight has been successfully carried out on 5 November 2022. The IRGC then announced Qaem 100 will "soon" be used to launch the Nahid satellite manufactured by the Ministry of Information and Communications Technology of Iran. The Qaem-100 is planned to be followed by other Qaem rockets including the Qaem-105, Qaem-110 and Qaem-200, which will ultimately allow Iran to put satellites into the 36,000 km GEO orbit.
Qaem 100 is the first three-stage solid-fueled rocket manufactured by Iran that will be able to put a satellite weighing 80 kg (180 lb) into a 500 kilometres (310 miles) LEO orbit. This is twice the payload that the Qased rocket can lift while the two rockets weight the same.
The first stage is the Rafe motor that successfully passed its static ground test in January 2022. Rafe is able to produce 68 tonnes-force (670 kN; 150,000 lbf) of thrust. It uses gimballed thrust vector control (TVC) for steering and has a wound carbon-fiber composite casing reducing weight compared to traditional casing.
|Flight No.||Date & Time (UTC)||Payload||Type||Outcome||Remarks|
|1||5 November 2022||Success||Suborbital test flight|
Other Iranian satellite launch vehicles