Qalyubia Governorate
Flag of Qalyubia Governorate
Official logo of Qalyubia Governorate
Qalyubia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Qalyubia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30°25′N 31°13′E / 30.41°N 31.21°E / 30.41; 31.21
Country Egypt
SeatBenha
Government
 • GovernorAlaa Abdul-Halim Mohammed Marzouk[1]
Area
 • Total1,124 km2 (434 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2023)[3]
 • Total6,103,039
 • Density5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
GDP
 • TotalEGP 339 billion
(US$ 21.6 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2021)0.735[5]
high · 11th
Websitewww.qaliobia.gov.eg

Qalyubia Governorate (Arabic: محافظة القليوبية Moḥāfaẓat El Qalyubiyya  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [elʔæljoˈbejjæ]) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Located in Lower Egypt. It is situated north of Cairo in the Nile Delta region. Its capital is Banha.

Name

Qalyubia is derived from the city of Qalyub, whose name is an arabization of Calliope[6] (Ancient Greek: Καλλιόπη, romanized: Kalliópē), the Muse of epic poetry in Greek mythology.

Geography

Banha and several other settlements blend into the neighboring Cairo Governorate; as a result, parts of Qalyubia (particularly Shubra El Kheima) are generally considered to form part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area (along with Cairo governorate, Giza city and 6 October city).

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1937 610,157—    
1947 693,908+13.7%
1957 758,000+9.2%
1966 1,212,000+59.9%
1976 1,674,006+38.1%
1986 2,514,244+50.2%
1996 3,302,860+31.4%
2006 4,237,003+28.3%
2015 5,105,972+20.5%
2023 6,103,039+19.5%
1937–2023, 2015 is an estimate[7][3]

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of January 2023 of 6,103,039. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[3]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(January 2023 Est.)
Type
Khanka قسم الخانكه Al-Khānkah 83,420 Kism (fully urban)
Khanka مركز الخانكة Al-Khānkah 618,189 Markaz
Khusus قسم الخصوص Al-Khuṣūṣ 499,514 Kism (fully urban)
El Qanater El Khayreya مركز القناطر الخيرية Al-Qanāṭir al-Khayriyah 546,560 Markaz
El Ubour قسم العبور Al-'Ubūr 142,003 Kism (fully urban)
Banha مركز بنها Banhā 519,640 Markaz
Banha 1 قسم اول بنها Banhā 1 116,113 Kism (fully urban)
Banha 2 قسم ثان بنها Banhā 2 70,105 Kism (fully urban)
Kafr Shukr[8] مركز كفر شكر Kafr Shukr 203,522 Markaz
Qaha قسم قها Qahā 51,917 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Qalyub قسم قليوب Qalyūb 159,760 Kism (fully urban)
Qalyub مركز قليوب Qalyūb 603,868 Markaz
Shubra El Kheima 1 قسم أول شبرا الخيمة Shubrā al-Khaymah 1 525,812 Kism (fully urban)
Shubra El Kheima 2 قسم ثان شبرا الخيمة Shubrā al-Khaymah 2 741,395 Kism (fully urban)
Shibin El Qanater مركز شبين القناطر Sibīn al-Qanāṭir 581,892 Markaz
Tukh مركز طوخ Ṭūkh 639,329 Markaz

Population

According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 44.7%. Out of an estimated 5,105,972 people residing in the governorate, 2,825,045 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 2,280,927 in urban areas.[9]

Cities

The cities in the Qalyubia Governorate are:

Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[10]

Economy

Qalyubia is known for its agricultural production of crops, fruits and vegetables. The most important of these crops include maize, cotton, wheat, citrus fruits, bananas, oranges and apricots. Qalyubia is also the leading Egyptian governorate in the production of poultry and eggs.[2]

Programs and projects

In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) had several water projects going on in the Qalyubia Governorate.[11]

In a program that began on August 28, 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Qalyubia Governorate.[12]

References

  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Al-Qalyūbiyyah GOVERNORATE, EGYPT". britannica.
  3. ^ a b c "ﻋـــﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺳﻛــﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺗﻘﺩﻳﺭﻯ ﻟﻸﻗﺳــﺎﻡ" (PDF) (in Arabic). Retrieved 1 April 2023.
  4. ^ "GDP BY GOVERNORATE", mped.gov.eg
  5. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 20 February 2023.
  6. ^ "Calliope | Greek Muse". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  7. ^ "Population History (Al Qalyūbīyah)Population, 1966–2006". Statoids. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Markaz Kafr Shukr". Google Map.
  9. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action. Archived from the original on 2 January 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2017.