Qatana
قَطَنَا
City
Qatana is located in Syria
Qatana
Qatana
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°25′54″N 36°5′33″E / 33.43167°N 36.09250°E / 33.43167; 36.09250
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq
DistrictQatana
SubdistrictQatana
Elevation
879 m (2,884 ft)
Population
 (2004 census)[1]
 • Total33,996

Qatana (Arabic: قَطَنَا, romanizedQaţanā) is a city in southern Syria, administratively part of the Qatana District of Rif Dimashq Governorate. Qatana has an altitude of 879 meters. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, the city had a population of 33,996 in the 2004 census. It is the administrative center of the Qatana Subdistrict, which contained 20 localities with a collective population of 147,451 in 2004.[1]

History

In the early 13th-century, during Ayyubid rule, Yaqut al-Hamawi noted Katana as "one of the villages of Damascus".[2] Tamerlane camped at Qatana during the siege of Damascus in 1400–1401;[3] hence, the region was called as "Wadi Al-Ajam" afterwards.

In 1838, it was noted as a predominantly Sunni Muslim village.[4]

Climate

Qatana has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk). Rainfall is higher in winter than in summer. The average annual temperature in Qatana is 16.1 °C (61.0 °F). About 296 mm (11.65 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Qatana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
12.6
(54.7)
16.1
(61.0)
20.9
(69.6)
26.5
(79.7)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91.0)
33.5
(92.3)
30.2
(86.4)
25.8
(78.4)
19.0
(66.2)
13.3
(55.9)
22.7
(72.9)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.6
(36.7)
4.8
(40.6)
8.0
(46.4)
11.6
(52.9)
14.9
(58.8)
16.5
(61.7)
16.8
(62.2)
14.4
(57.9)
11.4
(52.5)
7.2
(45.0)
3.9
(39.0)
9.5
(49.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 73
(2.9)
55
(2.2)
33
(1.3)
16
(0.6)
11
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
11
(0.4)
35
(1.4)
62
(2.4)
296
(11.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data

References

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Le Strange, 1890, p. 483
  3. ^ Ibn Khaldun 1952, p. 57.
  4. ^ Smith, in Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, 2nd appendix, p. 148

Bibliography

  • Ibn Khaldun (1952). Ibn Khaldūn and Tamerlane: Their Historic Meeting in Damascus, 1401 A.d. (803 A. H.) A Study Based on Arabic Manuscripts of Ibn Khaldūn's "Autobiography,". Translated by Walter Joseph Fischel. University of California Press.
  • Le Strange, G. (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. OCLC 1004386.
  • Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. Vol. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.

Coordinates: 33°26′N 36°05′E / 33.433°N 36.083°E / 33.433; 36.083