Qianxi

黔西市
Qianxi in Bijie
Bijie in Guizhou
Coordinates (Qianxi County government): 27°00′31″N 106°01′56″E / 27.0087°N 106.0323°E / 27.0087; 106.0323Coordinates: 27°00′31″N 106°01′56″E / 27.0087°N 106.0323°E / 27.0087; 106.0323
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuizhou
Prefecture-level cityBijie
County seatLiancheng Subdistrict (莲城街道)
Area
 • County-level city2,380.5 km2 (919.1 sq mi)
 • Urban
18.6 km2 (7.2 sq mi)
Elevation
1,225 m (4,019 ft)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • County-level city970,700
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban
391,300
 • Rural
579,400
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
551500
Area code(s)0857
Websitewww.gzqianxi.gov.cn

Qianxi (Chinese: 黔西市; pinyin: Qiánxī Shì) is a county-level city of western Guizhou province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Bijie City. The county has a population of 970,700 in 2019.

The area of Qianxi has been inhabited since prehistoric times, as evidenced by stone tools found in the Guanyin cave among others.[2]

Qianxi is also the home of Guizhou opera (Qianju).[3]

Geography and climate

Qianxi ranges in latitude from 26° 45' to 27° 21' N and in longitude from 105° 47' to 106° 26' E, and straddles the middle reaches of the Wu River. It borders Xiuwen County to the east, Qingzhen and Zhijin County to the south, Dafang County to the west, north and northeast, and Jinsha County to the north. As measured from the county seat, the provincial capital Guiyang is 117 kilometres (73 mi) away, while the prefectural seat, Qixingguan, is 115 km (71 mi) off.

Due to its low latitude and elevation above 1,200 m (3,900 ft), Qianxi has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with hot, humid summers (though devoid of extreme heat) and cool, damp winters. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 3.8 °C (38.8 °F) in January to 23.1 °C (73.6 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 14.24 °C (57.6 °F). Rainfall is extremely common year-round, occurring on 187 days of the year (i.e. slightly more than half of the days), but over half of the annual total occurs from June to August.

Climate data for Qianxi (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
30.0
(86.0)
33.0
(91.4)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
33.9
(93.0)
33.6
(92.5)
35.1
(95.2)
34.8
(94.6)
30.0
(86.0)
26.1
(79.0)
22.3
(72.1)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
9.6
(49.3)
14.7
(58.5)
19.8
(67.6)
23.5
(74.3)
25.4
(77.7)
27.6
(81.7)
27.8
(82.0)
24.5
(76.1)
18.9
(66.0)
14.8
(58.6)
9.7
(49.5)
18.6
(65.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
5.7
(42.3)
9.8
(49.6)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
21.1
(70.0)
23.1
(73.6)
22.7
(72.9)
19.7
(67.5)
15.0
(59.0)
10.7
(51.3)
5.8
(42.4)
14.2
(57.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
3.0
(37.4)
6.5
(43.7)
11.2
(52.2)
15.0
(59.0)
18.0
(64.4)
19.7
(67.5)
18.9
(66.0)
16.1
(61.0)
12.3
(54.1)
7.8
(46.0)
3.1
(37.6)
11.1
(52.0)
Record low °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
−4.6
(23.7)
1.5
(34.7)
6.7
(44.1)
11.0
(51.8)
9.9
(49.8)
12.9
(55.2)
7.5
(45.5)
3.2
(37.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
−5.7
(21.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.8
(0.78)
18.7
(0.74)
27.2
(1.07)
68.9
(2.71)
128.9
(5.07)
174.4
(6.87)
167.5
(6.59)
126.5
(4.98)
92.4
(3.64)
72.7
(2.86)
32.0
(1.26)
15.5
(0.61)
944.5
(37.18)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 17.0 15.3 16.6 17.2 18.6 17.9 14.1 13.6 14.3 16.1 13.5 12.8 187
Average relative humidity (%) 86 84 81 79 78 80 79 78 79 84 82 83 81
Source 1: China Meteorological Data Service Center
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971–2000)

References

  1. ^ https://www.hongheiku.com/xianjirank/gzxjrk/5385.html
  2. ^ "黔西县人民政府门户网-黔西简介". www.gzqianxi.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  3. ^ "Qianju Opera of Guizhou Province -Chinaculture.org". en.chinaculture.org. Retrieved 2021-03-15.