Qikiqtarjuaq
ᕿᑭᖅᑕᕐᔪᐊᖅ
Qikiqtarjuaq in 2011
Qikiqtarjuaq in 2011
Qikiqtarjuaq is located in Nunavut
Qikiqtarjuaq
Qikiqtarjuaq
Qikiqtarjuaq is located in Canada
Qikiqtarjuaq
Qikiqtarjuaq
Coordinates: 67°33′17″N 064°01′41″W / 67.55472°N 64.02806°W / 67.55472; -64.02806[1]Coordinates: 67°33′17″N 064°01′41″W / 67.55472°N 64.02806°W / 67.55472; -64.02806[1]
CountryCanada
TerritoryNunavut
RegionQikiqtaaluk
Electoral districtUqqummiut
Government
 • TypeHamlet Council
 • MayorHarry Alookie
 • MLAsPauloosie Keyootak
Area
 • Total130.71 km2 (50.47 sq mi)
Elevation6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2016)[4]
 • Total598
 • Density4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Canadian Postal code
Area code(s)867

Qikiqtarjuaq (Inuktitut pronunciation: [qikiqtaʁjuˈaq]; formerly known as Broughton Island until November 1998 /ˈbrɔːtən/,[6]) is a community located on Broughton Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. The island is known for Arctic wildlife (ring seals, polar bears, bowhead whales, narwhals), bird watching (Qaqulluit National Wildlife Area[7]), and as the northern access point for Auyuittuq National Park (see also Pangnirtung)

Qikiqtarjuaq hosts an annual "Suicide Prevention Walk".[8] Local participants would walk a total distance of 60 km (37 mi) across the tundra from Kivitoo, an old whaling station.[9] Today the walk is much shorter than the original two and a half days, but it is still meant to promote hope among the community.

The community hosts a two-week celebration over the Christmas and New Year period every year. Visitors are warmly welcomed and encouraged to join the festivities and games.

Near Qikiqtarjuaq was the home of FOX-5, a Distant Early Warning Line and now a North Warning System site.

In July 2011, Qikiqtarjuaq was featured in the BBC Radio 4 comedy series Cabin Pressure.

Geography

Mountains near Qikiqtarjuaq
Mountains near Qikiqtarjuaq

Qikiqtarjuaq is situated above the Arctic Circle and off eastern Baffin Island. Davis Strait and Baffin Bay run to the east, and the Baffin Mountains are located to the west, more specifically the Arctic Cordillera mountain range. It is also one of the Nunavut communities closest to Greenland.

Demographics

Federal census population history of Qikiqtarjuaq
YearPop.±%
1976354—    
1981378+6.8%
1986439+16.1%
1991461+5.0%
1996488+5.9%
2001519+6.4%
2006473−8.9%
2011520+9.9%
2016598+15.0%
2021593−0.8%
Source: Statistics Canada
[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Qikiqtarjuaq had a population of 593 living in 164 of its 193 total private dwellings, a change of -0.8% from its 2016 population of 598. With a land area of 130.8 km2 (50.5 sq mi), it had a population density of 4.5/km2 (11.7/sq mi) in 2021.[18]

Services

Airport terminal building
Airport terminal building
Piqaluaujaq Visitors Centre
Piqaluaujaq Visitors Centre
St. Michael and all Angels Church
St. Michael and all Angels Church
Fox 5 North Warning Site

It is served by Qikiqtarjuaq Airport, IATA: YVM, ICAO: CYVM.

There are two grocery stores; The Co-Op and the Northern store (with a Canada Post kiosk). There are no restaurants or banks. Various accommodations are available. A health centre and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) detachment are present as well. The health centre is composed of two nurses, an X-ray technician, a community health coordinator, a mental health worker, and administrative staff.

The community has a hamlet building where municipal affairs are conducted with a large community hall and meeting room. There is one school for K-12 students called Inuksuit School, and attached to the building is a small campus for Arctic College. The Piqalujaujaq Visitors Centre shares a building with the Auyuittuq National Park office. Access to Auyuittuq National Park north entrance is approximately 2 hours by boat in the summer months, 2 - 2.5 hours by vehicle or snowmobile in winter months. All park visitors must register and book an orientation session prior to entry into the park, and non-Inuit who visit Auyuittuq must do so by hiring a local licensed operator.

Qikiqtarjuaq is a popular stop for pilots who fly smaller aircraft to and from Europe. The airport has a 3,803 by 100 ft (1,159 by 30 m) gravel runway that is maintained. Qikiqtarjuaq is considerably closer to Kangerlussuaq, Greenland than Iqaluit (CYFB). The instrument approach minima for the non-directional beacon (NDB) approach at CYVM is relatively high (2,000 feet barometric, 1,982 AGL) due to high terrain surrounding the airport. An airport advisory service, Qikiqtarjuaq Airport Radio, a Community Airport Radio Station (CARS), provides assistance to pilots during normal business hours, and provides weather observation services. An automatic weather observation service (AWOS) operates when Qikiqtarjuaq Radio is unattended.

There is also an access road that was built to Tisunaaq, also known as Ceetee Land to the Elders, and another road is in construction to Qikiqtarjuaqruluk, or Old Broughton, an abandoned settlement. Kivitoo, an old whaling station, is located 90 km (56 mi) to the north and is currently abandoned.

Broadband communications

The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice. In 2020, Bell Mobility established a data tower and provides high-speed mobile and internet connectivity within the community.

Climate

Qikiqtarjuaq has a tundra climate (ET), with the warmest month averaging below 6 °C (43 °F). Summers tend to be cool with chilly nights, while winters are long and cold. Early winter is the snowiest time of the year, with more than half of all year snowfall on average falling during this period.

Climate data for FOX-5
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 1.5 0.0 2.7 6.1 8.6 18.6 20.7 19.9 13.6 7.0 3.5 3.9 20.7
Record high °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
1.1
(34.0)
4.0
(39.2)
7.8
(46.0)
14.2
(57.6)
17.8
(64.0)
20.7
(69.3)
22.6
(72.7)
14.4
(57.9)
10.6
(51.1)
7.5
(45.5)
5.0
(41.0)
22.6
(72.7)
Average high °C (°F) −22.8
(−9.0)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−13.6
(7.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
2.8
(37.0)
8.2
(46.8)
6.3
(43.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
−11.9
(10.6)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−8.5
(16.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−16.9
(1.6)
−8.2
(17.2)
0.2
(32.4)
5.3
(41.5)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
−6.9
(19.6)
−14.2
(6.4)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
Average low °C (°F) −28.0
(−18.4)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−10.9
(12.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.4
(36.3)
1.1
(34.0)
−3.8
(25.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
−16.6
(2.1)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
Record low °C (°F) −41.7
(−43.1)
−42.8
(−45.0)
−40.7
(−41.3)
−34.3
(−29.7)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−8.9
(16.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−13.9
(7.0)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−33.3
(−27.9)
−39.2
(−38.6)
−42.8
(−45.0)
Record low wind chill −61.1 −61.0 −57.1 −49.2 −35.8 −21.1 −18.6 −15.5 −23.9 −32.8 −45.2 −54.2 −61.1
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.7
(0.15)
6.1
(0.24)
3.6
(0.14)
12.7
(0.50)
23.7
(0.93)
10.2
(0.40)
18.1
(0.71)
24.2
(0.95)
30.0
(1.18)
36.7
(1.44)
29.7
(1.17)
4.7
(0.19)
203.3
(8.00)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.8
(0.03)
10.8
(0.43)
15.7
(0.62)
2.4
(0.09)
0.3
(0.01)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
30.0
(1.18)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 3.7
(1.5)
6.1
(2.4)
3.6
(1.4)
12.7
(5.0)
23.7
(9.3)
9.4
(3.7)
7.3
(2.9)
8.5
(3.3)
27.7
(10.9)
36.3
(14.3)
29.7
(11.7)
4.7
(1.9)
173.3
(68.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 2.9 2.8 2.5 5.0 8.2 3.9 6.3 8.2 8.3 12.8 7.4 4.1 72.3
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 4.8 5.2 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 11.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 2.9 2.8 2.5 5.0 8.2 3.3 1.7 3.1 7.7 12.7 7.4 4.1 61.3
Average relative humidity (%) 76.6 74.7 76.6 81.5 88.0 85.5 78.4 81.5 91.2 88.7 83.7 79.2 82.1
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Qikiqtarjuaq". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada.
  2. ^ Nunavummiut vie for council positions in upcoming hamlet elections
  3. ^ Nunavut recounts produce one winner and one intractable deadlock
  4. ^ a b "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  5. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 16 July 2020 to 0901Z 10 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Qikiqtarjuaq". Nunavut Tourism. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  7. ^ Qaqulluit National Wildlife Area
  8. ^ "NunatsiaqOnline 2013-05-30: NEWS: Suicide prevention in Nunavut: Qikiqtarjuaq walkers show they care". www.nunatsiaqonline.ca. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  9. ^ "NTI CA IIBA Phase 1 Draft – Cultural Heritage Resources Report – Akpait & Qaqulluit Project" (PDF). p. 12.
  10. ^ "1981 Census of Canada: Census subdivisions in decreasing population order" (PDF). Statistics Canada. May 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  11. ^ "1986 Census: Population - Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 1987. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  12. ^ "91 Census: Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  13. ^ "96 Census: A National Overview - Population and Dwelling Counts" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 1997. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 20 August 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  17. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  18. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  19. ^ "Fox Five" (CSV (4222 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2400570. Retrieved 27 November 2013.[permanent dead link]

Further reading

  • Mallory ML, BM Braune, M Wayland, and KG Drouillard. 2005. "Persistent Organic Pollutants in Marine Birds, Arctic Hare and Ringed Seals Near Qikiqtarjuaq, Nunavut, Canada". Marine Pollution Bulletin. 50, no. 1: 95–101.
  • Stuckenberger, Anja Nicole. Community at play social and religious dynamics in the modern Inuit community of Qikiqtarjuaq = Een Samenleving in het Spel : sociale en religieuze Dynamiek in de moderne Inuit Gemeenschap van Qikiqtarjuaq. Amsterdam: Rozenberg, 2005. ISBN 90-5170-957-9