Location in Jiangsu
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||309.62 km2 (119.54 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Qingjiangpu District (Chinese: 清江浦区; pinyin: Qīngjiāngpǔ Qū) is one of four districts of the prefecture-level city of Huai'an, Jiangsu Province, China. It was approved to establish on June 8, 2016. The district has an area of 420 km2 (160 sq mi) with a population of 735,900 (as of 2016). The district of Qingjiangpu has 12 subdistricts and seven towns or townships under its jurisdiction, its seat is Chengnan Subdistrict (Chinese: 城南街道).
The district was named after Qingjiangpu River (清江浦河) cut in 1415 which was a ship canal that traversed Shanyang County (山阳县) connecting the Huai River and Yellow River. The river of Qingjiangpu is a channel segment of Li Canal (里运河). As a part of the Grand Canal, it historically is the name of an artificial 32-kilometre-long waterway (20 mi) that connects the docks of Qinghe (清河码头) with the city of Shanyang (山阳城; modern Huai'an District). Its origins can be traced to the Spring and Autumn period. For wars and transport of army provisions, Fuchai King of Wu commanded to canalize Hangou Canal (邗沟) located between Hancheng (邗城; modern Yangzhou) and Mokou (末口, modern ancient town of Hexia in Huai'an) in 486 BC, the waterway Links two major river systems of the Yangtze River and Huai River, after that, Yangzhou and Huai'an started to develop.
Today's Qingjiangpu District is historically roughly Qingjiang City established in 1951. The city of Qingjiang was formed from a portion of Huaiyin County in January 1951, it was merged to Huaiyin County in August 1958, and as a county-level city of Huaiyin Prefecutre, it was reformed in October 1964. Huaiyin Prefecture ceased to be a separate prefecture, Huaiyin prefecture-level city was established in March 1983, dividing Qingjiang City, the two districts of Qinghe and Qingpu bounded by the Li Canal were created. The district of Qingjiangpu was approved to establish by the State Council through the merger of two districts of Qinghe and Qingpu on June 8, 2016, and officially created on October 8, 2016.
The district of Qingjiangpu is located in the main urban areas of Huai'an. It is bordered to the east by Huai'an District, to the west and north by the district of Huaiyin, to the south by Hongze District. The ancient Yellow River, Li Canal, Grand Canal and Huai River run through it. The roads, railways and waterways extend in all directions, G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway, Nanjing-Huai'an Expressway and Nanjing-Lianyungang Expressway converge here, the Xinyi–Changxing railway runs through the whole territory. The district is near Huai'an Airport, it is an important regional transportation hub in northern Jiangsu.
|Subdivision of Qingjiangpu District|
According to preliminary accounting of the statistical authority, the gross domestic product in 2016 was 40,030 million yuan (6,027 million US dollars), up by 8.8 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the value added of the primary industry was 1,025 million yuan (154 million US dollars), up by 1.8 percent, that of the secondary industry was 9,427 million yuan (1,419 million US dollars), up by 10.3 percent and that of the tertiary industry was 29,578 million yuan (4,453 million US dollars), up by 8.6 percent. The value added of the primary industry accounted for 2.6 percent of the GDP; that of the secondary industry accounted for 23.5 percent; and that of the tertiary industry accounted for 73.9 percent. The per capita GDP in 2016 was 112,624 yuan (16,956 US dollars).