|• Latin||Qira (official)|
|State||State of Palestine|
|• Type||Village council|
|Elevation||470 m (1,540 ft)|
Qira (Arabic: قيره) is a Palestinian town located in the Salfit Governorate in the northern West Bank, 19 kilometers southwest of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, it had a population of approximately 1,143 in 2007.
Qira is located 4.2 kilometers (2.6 mi) north of Salfit. It is bordered by Jamma'in and Marda to the east, Kifl Haris and Marda to the south, Kifl Haris to the west, and Zeita Jamma'in to the north.
Pottery sherds from the Iron Age I - II, Persian, Hellenistic/Roman have been found here, as has sherds from the Byzantine and Crusader/Ayyubid eras.
During the Crusader period, Diya' al-Din (1173–1245) writes that there was a Muslim population in the village. He also noted that followers of Ibn Qudamah lived here.
Sherds from the Mamluk era have also been found here.
In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and it appeared in the 1596 tax-records as Qira, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. The population was 8 households and 1 bachelor, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives and a press for olive oil or grape syrup, in addition to occasional revenues and a fixed tax for people of Nablus area; a total of 2,000 akçe. Sherds from the early Ottoman era have been found here.
In 1838, Edward Robinson noted it as a village, Kireh, in the Jurat Merda district, south of Nablus.
In 1870, Victor Guérin noted Kireh on a hill partly covered with olives, and having "barely a hundred and forty inhabitants".
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Kireh as: "A moderate village on high ground, with a chapel venerated by the Moslems, but named after the Virgin Mary. The water supply is from a pool.
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qireh had a population of 87 Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 102 Muslims in 28 occupied houses.
In the 1945 statistics the population was 140 Muslims while the total land area was 2,249 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 475 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 1,145 for cereals, while 14 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Qira came under Jordanian rule.
The Jordanian census of 1961 found 259 inhabitants.
Since the Six-Day War in 1967, Qira has been under Israeli occupation.
After the 1995 accords, 97.6 % of village land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 2.4 % is Area C. The Segregation Wall established around Ariel settlement isolates Qira from Salfit and neighboring villages, leading Qira residents to take alternative longer routes to reach Salfit.