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The Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab (also called the Quantum AI Lab or QuAIL) is a joint initiative of NASA, Universities Space Research Association, and Google (specifically, Google Research) whose goal is to pioneer research on how quantum computing might help with machine learning and other difficult computer science problems. The lab is hosted at NASA's Ames Research Center.[1][2]


The Quantum AI Lab was announced by Google Research in a blog post on May 16, 2013.[1][3][4] At the time of launch, the Lab was using the most advanced commercially available quantum computer, D-Wave Two from D-Wave Systems.[1][3]

On October 10, 2013, Google released a short film describing the current state of the Quantum AI Lab.[5][6]

On October 18, 2013, Google announced that it had incorporated quantum physics into Minecraft.[7][8][9]

In January 2014, Google reported results comparing the performance of the D-Wave Two in the lab with that of classical computers. The results were ambiguous and provoked heated discussion on the Internet.[10][11][12] On 2 September 2014, it was announced that the Quantum AI Lab, in partnership with UC Santa Barbara, would be launching an initiative to create quantum information processors based on superconducting electronics.[13]

On the 23rd of October 2019, the Quantum AI Lab announced in a paper that it had achieved quantum supremacy.[14]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Neven, Hartmut (May 16, 2013). "Launching the Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab". Google Research. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  2. ^ "QuAIL Home". Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Choi, Charles (May 16, 2013). "Google and NASA Launch Quantum Computing AI Lab: The Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab will use the most advanced commercially available quantum computer, the D-Wave Two". Technology Review. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  4. ^ "Google, NASA take a 'quantum leap' with new computer". USA Today. May 24, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  5. ^ Dvorsky, George (October 11, 2013). "A sneak peak inside Google and NASA's new quantum AI lab". io9. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  6. ^ Rosenblatt, Seth (October 10, 2013). "Google reveals the state of its quantum lab in short film: The multiverse, physicist Richard Feynman, lobsters, and quantum tunneling all make appearances in Google's short documentary about its Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab". CNet. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  7. ^ "qCraft: Quantum Physics In Minecraft". Google Quantum A.I. Lab Team. October 18, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  8. ^ Hamburger, Ellis (October 20, 2013). "Google's Quantum AI Lab adds quantum physics to Minecraft". The Verge. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  9. ^ Oremus, Will (October 18, 2013). "Google Is Teaching Quantum Physics to Minecraft Addicts". Slate Magazine. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  10. ^ "Where do we stand on benchmarking the D-Wave 2?". Google Quantum A. I. Lab Team. January 19, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  11. ^ Chrigwin, Richard (January 21, 2014). "Boffin benchmark battle after D-Wave quantum kit crawls in test: D-Wave protests methods used to clock DW2 100 times slower than classical computers". The Register. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  12. ^ Van Dusen, Augustus (January 21, 2014). "Google Quantum A.I. Lab Update on the D-Wave 2 Quantum Computer". Thinking Machine Blog. Archived from the original on October 13, 2021. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  13. ^ "Google+ Post". Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  14. ^ Arute, Frank; et al. (October 23, 2019). "Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor". Nature. 574 (7779). Nature Journal: 505–510. arXiv:1910.11333. Bibcode:2019Natur.574..505A. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1666-5. PMID 31645734. S2CID 204836822.