|Current season, competition or edition:|
2020–21 QMJHL season
|No. of teams||18|
|Rouyn-Noranda Huskies (2)|
|Most titles||Gatineau Olympiques (7)|
The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (French: Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec, abbreviated QMJHL in English, LHJMQ in French) is one of the three major junior ice hockey leagues that constitute the Canadian Hockey League. The league includes teams in the provinces of Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. The current president of the QMJHL is Gilles Courteau.
The President's Cup is the championship trophy of the league. The QMJHL champion then goes on to compete in the Memorial Cup against the OHL and WHL champions, and the CHL host team. The QMJHL had traditionally adopted a rapid and offensive style of hockey. Former QMJHL players hold many of the Canadian Hockey League's career and single season offensive records.
Hockey Hall of Fame alumni of the QMJHL include Mario Lemieux, Guy Lafleur, Ray Bourque, Pat LaFontaine, Mike Bossy, Denis Savard, Michel Goulet, Luc Robitaille, and goaltenders Patrick Roy and Martin Brodeur, while current NHL stars who were alumni of the league include Sidney Crosby, most notably.
|West||Blainville-Boisbriand Armada||Boisbriand, Quebec||Centre d'Excellence Sports Rousseau|
|Drummondville Voltigeurs||Drummondville, Quebec||Centre Marcel Dionne|
|Gatineau Olympiques||Gatineau, Quebec||Centre Robert Guertin|
|Rouyn-Noranda Huskies||Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec||Aréna Iamgold|
|Sherbrooke Phoenix||Sherbrooke, Quebec||Palais des Sports|
|Val-d'Or Foreurs||Val-d'Or, Quebec||Centre Air Creebec|
|East||Baie-Comeau Drakkar||Baie-Comeau, Quebec||Centre Henry-Leonard|
|Chicoutimi Saguenéens||Saguenay, Quebec||Centre Georges-Vézina|
|Quebec Remparts||Quebec City, Quebec||Centre Vidéotron|
|Rimouski Océanic||Rimouski, Quebec||Colisée de Rimouski|
|Shawinigan Cataractes||Shawinigan, Quebec||Centre Gervais Auto|
|Victoriaville Tigres||Victoriaville, Quebec||Colisée Desjardins|
|Maritimes||Acadie–Bathurst Titan||Bathurst, New Brunswick||K.C. Irving Regional Centre|
|Cape Breton Eagles||Sydney, Nova Scotia||Centre 200|
|Charlottetown Islanders||Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island||Eastlink Centre|
|Halifax Mooseheads||Halifax, Nova Scotia||Scotiabank Centre|
|Moncton Wildcats||Moncton, New Brunswick||Avenir Centre|
|Saint John Sea Dogs||Saint John, New Brunswick||TD Station|
The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League was founded in 1969, through the merger of best teams from the existing Quebec Junior Hockey League and the Metropolitan Montreal Junior Hockey League, declaring themselves a "major junior" league. Of the original eleven QMJHL teams, eight came from the QJHL, two from the MMJHL, and the Cornwall Royals, from Cornwall, Ontario, near the Quebec border, who transferred from the Central Junior A Hockey League. The Rosemont National and Laval Saints transferred from the MMJHL. The eight teams from the QJHL were the Drummondville Rangers, Quebec Remparts, Saint-Jérôme Alouettes, Shawinigan Bruins, Sherbrooke Castors, Sorel Éperviers, Trois-Rivières Ducs and the Verdun Maple Leafs.
Most of the teams were within a few hours' drive of Montreal. From the first season in 1969–70, only Shawinigan remains in the same city with an uninterrupted history, although the team's name has changed to the Cataractes.
In 1972 the QMJHL had been in operation for three years, and wanted a team in the province's largest city. It threatened a lawsuit to force the Montreal Junior Canadiens of the Ontario Hockey Association into the Quebec-based league. Over the summer of 1972, the OHA granted the Junior Habs a "one-year suspension" of operations, while team ownership transferred the team and players into the QMJHL, renaming themselves the Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge in the process. The OHA then reactivated the suspended franchise for the 1973–74 season in Kingston, Ontario, under new ownership and with new players, calling the team the Kingston Canadians.
QMJHL teams have won the Memorial Cup twelve times since 1969, with the Shawinigan Cataractes, Saint John Sea Dogs, the Granby Prédateurs, the Hull Olympiques, Halifax Mooseheads, Rouyn-Noranda Huskies, Rimouski Océanic, and the Acadie-Bathurst Titan each winning once, the Quebec Remparts winning twice (once in their first edition 1969–1985, and once in their second edition 1997–present) and the Cornwall Royals winning three times.
Starting in 1994, the QMJHL began to expand further east, outside of Quebec. The "Q" filled the void in Atlantic Canada after the exodus of American Hockey League franchises, when the AHL had a strong presence in the 1980s and 1990s; all of the Maritime Division cities save for Bathurst, New Brunswick are former homes of AHL franchises. To date, Fredericton, New Brunswick is the lone former AHL market that has not established a QMJHL franchise.
In recent seasons, the QMJHL has been scouting players from the Atlantic Canada region along with a surge in players coming out of the New England area: the QMJHL has territorial rights to draft and recruit players from New England as part of an agreement where players from the United States can be drafted by the CHL league that is in a similar geographic area.
Sidney Crosby's # 87 was retired by the Océanic on 27 September 2019, and retired for all teams in the QMJHL at the same time.
This is a list of Canadian Hockey League career and single season records accomplished by QMJHL players.
Former member Current member
This is a complete list of team histories since 1969.
|Plattsburgh Pioneers||Plattsburgh||New York||1984–1985|
|Laval Titan||Laval||Quebec||1969–1970; 1971–1998|
|Quebec Remparts||Quebec City||Quebec||1969–1985; 1997–present|
|Drummondville Voltigeurs||Drummondville||Quebec||1969–1974; 1982–present|
|Sorel Eperviers||Sorel||Quebec||1969–1977; 1980–1981|
|Verdun Juniors||Verdun||Quebec||1969–1971; 1977–1980; 1982–1989;
|Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge
Montreal Junior Hockey Club
|Sherbrooke Phoenix||Sherbrooke||Quebec||1969–1982; 1999–2003; 2012–present|
|Moncton Wildcats||Moncton||New Brunswick||1995–present|
|Acadie-Bathurst Titan||Bathurst||New Brunswick||1998–present|
|Saint John Sea Dogs||Saint John||New Brunswick||2005–present|
|Charlottetown Islanders||Charlottetown||Prince Edward Island||2003–present|
|Halifax Mooseheads||Halifax||Nova Scotia||1994–present|
|Cape Breton Eagles||Sydney||Nova Scotia||1997–present|
|St. John's Fog Devils||St. John's||Newfoundland and Labrador||2005–2008|
The Memorial Cup has been captured thirteen times by QMJHL teams since the league's founding in 1969:
This is a list of QMJHL trophies. The trophy's first season being awarded is shown in brackets.