Full page screenshot
Type of site
Online digital library
Available inEnglish
DissolvedDecember 21, 2020
HeadquartersChicago, Illinois,
United States
Current statusClosed

Questia was an online commercial digital repository of books and articles that had an academic orientation,[1] with a particular emphasis on books and journal articles in the humanities and social sciences. All the text in all the Questia books and articles were available to subscribers; the site also included integrated research tools. It was founded in 1998 and ceased operations in December 2020.

Company history

Questia, based in Chicago, Illinois, was founded in 1998 and purchased by Gale, part of Cengage Learning, in January 2010.[2][3]


Questia offered some information free of charge, including several public domain works, publication information, tables of contents, the first page of every chapter, Boolean searches of the contents of the library, and short bibliographies of available books and articles on some 6,500 topics.

Questia did not sell ownership to books or ebooks, but rather sold monthly or annual subscriptions that allowed temporary online reading access to all 94000+ books, and 14 million + journal, magazine, and newspaper articles in their collection. The books were selected by academic librarians as credible, authoritative works in their respective areas. The librarians also compiled about 7000 reference bibliographies on frequently researched topics. The library was strongest in books and journal articles in the social sciences and humanities, with many older historical texts. Original pagination was maintained. The Questia service also featured tools to automatically create citations and bibliographies, helping writers to properly cite the materials.

A limitation to the Questia library was that new additions were available in a "beta" version only. Unlike Questia's earlier publications, these prevented users from copying text directly from the website, although one page from the publications could be printed free of charge. A charge was made for printing a range of pages.

Questia launched their Q&A blog on September 21, 2011.[4] Q&A was divided into "Education news," "Student resources" and "Subjects" categories. "Subjects" was further broken down so readers could find specific content based on their academic needs.[5]

Questia released an iPhone app in 2011, which was extended to the iPad the following year.[6] Then in January 2013 Questia launched tutorials, including videos and quizzes, to teach students the research process.[7]


Questia was criticized in 2005 by librarian Steven J. Bell for referring to itself as an academic library, when it concentrated on the liberal arts and treated users as customers rather than students. Moreover, Bell argued, Questia did not employ academic librarians or faculty. Although some of its employees had advanced library degrees, they did not work or collaborate with faculty to develop collections that served distinctive student populations.[8]

On November 24, 2020, Cengage sent email to Questia's subscribers – including those who had bought a lifetime subscription before Cengage purchased Questia – to the effect that Cengage would be closing down Questia as of December 21, 2020, thus nullifying all subscription contracts while continuing to offer the same sort of service directly through Cengage.

Questia followed Highbeam Research in exiting Wikipedia's program to enable editors free access to paywalled research websites and electronic publications. Source links to Questia's library material on Wikipedia became unreachable when Questia's parent company shut down Questia in 2021.

See also


  1. ^ "Questia Unveils New And Improved Website to Help Students Write Better Papers Faster". Equities.
  2. ^ "Gale acquires questia". January 28, 2010. Archived from the original on April 26, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2019. Gale
  3. ^ "Questia After more than twenty years, Questia is discontinuing operations as of Monday, December 21, 2020". Questia School.
  4. ^ "Questia, the Premier Online Research Paper Writing Tool, Launches Q&A Blog". Prnewswire. Chicago. September 20, 2011. Archived from the original on April 18, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012.
  5. ^ "Q&A – Research paper tips from Questia". Questia. Archived from the original on July 29, 2019.
  6. ^ "Making College Students' Lives Easier: Questia Launches Free iPad App to Help Write Research Papers". Cengage Learning. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  7. ^ "Questia Research Tutorials Help Students Learn the Process and the Skills Necessary to Write a Research Paper by Improving Writing and Researching Proficiency". PR Newswire. January 31, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  8. ^ Steven J. Bell, "Electronic libraries can't be academic" Chronicle for Higher Education September 30, 2005 Closed access icon (registration required)