In semantics, pragmatics, and philosophy of language, a question under discussion (QUD) is a question which the interlocutors in a discourse are attempting to answer. In many formal and computational theories of discourse, the QUD (or an ordered set of QUD's) is among the elements of a tuple called the conversational scoreboard which represents the current state of the conversation. Craige Roberts introduced the concept of a QUD in 1996 in order to formalize conversational relevance and explain its consequences for information structure and focus marking. It has subsequently become a staple of work in semantics and pragmatics, playing a role in analyses of disparate phenomena including donkey anaphora and presupposition projection.[1][2][3][4]

See also


  1. ^ Beaver, David; Geurts, Bart; Denlinger, Kristie (2021). "Presupposition". In Zalta, Edward (ed.). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  2. ^ Partee, Barbara (2009). "Lecture 10: Focus and Information Structure: Semantics and Pragmatics" (PDF). Course Notes, Moscow State University.
  3. ^ Anderbois, Scott. "The QUD Model of Discourse" (PDF). Course Notes, Brown University.
  4. ^ Roberts, Craige (2012) [1996]. "Information structure: Towards an integrated formal theory of pragmatics". Semantics and Pragmatics. 5. doi:10.3765/sp.5.6. hdl:1811/81500.