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Quzhou dialect
衢州話
Pronunciation[dʒy tɕiɯ ɦuɑ]
Native toPeople's Republic of China
RegionQuzhou prefecture, Zhejiang province
Native speakers
approx. 2 million[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottologchuz1238
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

The Quzhou dialect (衢州話; pronounced [dʒytɕiɯɦuɑ][missing tone] in the Quzhou dialect) is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in Quzhou, China.

Phonology

Initials

  Labial Dental Palatal Postalveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ  
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
aspirated  
slack voice ɡ̊  
Affricate voiceless ts
aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ tʃʰ  
slack voice d̥z̥ d̥ʑ̊ d̥ʒ̊  
Fricative voiceless f s ɕ ʃ x
slack voice ʑ̊ ʒ ɣ
Approximant l (j) 移 (w) 吳 ɦ

Finals

There are at least the following finals: 姆 [m], 魚 [ŋ], 爾 [ɫ], 試 [ʐ]

[ɥ], 去 [i], 布 [u], 雨 [y]

[ɑ], 謝 [iɑ], 瓜 [uɑ]

[e̞], 快 [ue̞]

[ɘɪ], 會 [uɘɪ]

[ɔ], 表 [iɔ]

[ɤ], 九 [iɯ]

[ə], 官 [uə], 捐 [yə]

[ie]

[æ], 慣 [uæ]

[ən], 金 [iɲ], 昏 [uən], 運 [yɲ]

[ã], 兩 [iã], 昌 [uã]

[ɒ̃], 旺 [iɒ̃], 光 [uɒ̃]

[oŋ], 窘 [ioŋ]

[əʔ], 业 [iɘʔ], 國 [uəʔ], 肉 [yəʔ]

[ənʔ], 衢 [ɥ]

[ɐ̞ʔ] -aq, 弱 [iɐ̞ʔ], 划 [uɐ̞ʔ]

Tones

The Quzhou dialect is considered to have seven tones. However, since the tone split from Middle Chinese, characters still depend on the voicing of the initial consonant. These constitute just three phonemic tones: ping, shang, and qu. (Ru syllables are phonemically toneless.)

Tone chart of Jiangshan dialect
Number Tone name Tone contour Examples
1 陰平 yīn píng [˦] (44) 江天飛空
2 陽平 yáng píng [˩˩˨] (112) 來同魚頭
3 陰上 yīn shàng [˧˦] (34) 懂紙古口
4 陽去 yáng qù [˧˩] (31) 外地路道
5 陰去 yīn qù [˥˨] (52) 對去馬你
6 陽入 yīn rù [˩˨̚] (12) 六肉白石
7 陽入 yáng rù [˥̚] (5) 各黑出脫

Grammar

Sentence structure

ni

2SG

ŋu

1SG

kəʔ

GEN

朋友

põjɤ

friend

啘。

ue

PTCL

你 我 個 朋友 啘。

ni ŋu kəʔ põjɤ ue

2SG 1SG GEN friend PTCL

You are my friend

The first example can be compared with Japanese: あなたは私の友達だよ。(anata wa watashi no tomodachi dayo.) Here, 啘 resembles Japanese だよ (dayo).

渠(其)

ɡi

3SG

ɳi

2SG

老師

lɔsʐ

teacher

啘,

ue,

PTCL,

have

尊重

tseɳd͡ʒõ

respect

人家。

niŋkɒ

other

渠(其) 你 老師 啘, 要 尊重 人家。

ɡi ɳi lɔsʐ ue, iɔ tseɳd͡ʒõ niŋkɒ

3SG 2SG teacher PTCL, have respect other

He/she is your teacher, and you have to respect him/her.

鉛筆

kæpiəʔ

pencil

t͡ʃiɒ

borrow

t͡sʐ

CL

ŋu

1SG

好伐?

xɔfɐ̞ʔ

INTERR

鉛筆 借 支 我 好伐?

kæpiəʔ t͡ʃiɒ t͡sʐ ŋu xɔfɐ̞ʔ

pencil borrow CL 1SG INTERR

Can I borrow a pencil?

rice/meal

t͡se

again

t͡ɕʰiəʔ

eat

bowl

添,

tʰie,

PTCL?

tu

more

t͡ɕʰiəʔ

eat

些兒

ʃin

more+

啊。

o

PTCL

飯 再 喫 碗 添, 多 吃 些兒 啊。

væ t͡se t͡ɕʰiəʔ uə tʰie, tu t͡ɕʰiəʔ ʃin o

rice/meal again eat bowl PTCL? more eat more+ PTCL

If you want to eat more, then eat more if you'd like.

感冒藥

kəmɔjɐ̞ʔ

cold medicine

喫嘞

t͡ɕʰiəʔləʔ

taking/eating

vən

INTERR

你,

ɳi,

2SG,

fiɔ

NEG

記弗着

t͡ɕʰifəʔt͡ʃɐ̞ʔ

verb-remember/NEG

PTCL

唻!

le

IMP

感冒藥 喫嘞 朆 你, 覅 記弗着 掉 唻!

kəmɔjɐ̞ʔ t͡ɕʰiəʔləʔ vən ɳi, fiɔ t͡ɕʰifəʔt͡ʃɐ̞ʔ tɔ le

{cold medicine} taking/eating INTERR 2SG, NEG verb-remember/NEG PTCL IMP

Have you taken your cold medicine yet? Don't forget to take it!

Lexicon

Pronouns

References