Radha Vallabh Sampradaya
Sri Sri Radha Radhanath Temple, South Africa2.JPG
Goddess Radha's Vigraha
Founder
Hith Harivansh Mahaprabhu[1]
Regions with significant populations
Mathura, Uttar Pradesh[1]
Religions
Vaishnavism
Scriptures
Hita-Caurāsī[2] • other hymns
Languages
Braj Bhasha • Sanskrit[3]
Website
radhavallabhmandir.com

The Radha Vallabh Sampradaya is a Vaishnava Hindu denomination which began in 1535 at Vrindavan with the bhakti poet-sant Hith Harivansh Mahaprabhu (1502–1552).[4] Harivansh's views are related to Krishnaism but emphasizes devotion to Radharani as the Supreme Being.[5][1][6][7][8]

Features

Radha Krishna murti depicting their love where Radha is depicted as queen and Krishna as her loving subordinate.
Radha Krishna murti depicting their love where Radha is depicted as queen and Krishna as her loving subordinate.

According to the scholar Guy L. Beck, the Radha vallabh sampradaya has the following features, in comparison with Krishnaite traditions.[9]

  1. Its view on Radha and Krishna differentiates from normative Krishnaite theology. The ultimate Supreme Being is the Devi Radha, the Queen, while her consort Krishna is the penultimate step toward the supreme deity,[1] her most intimate servant.[note 1]
  2. The tradition prefers to remain unaffiliated with any classical philosophical positions[3] and previous four major Vaishnavite sampradayas.[note 2]
  3. It declines to produce theological and philosophical commentaries, basing on pure bhakti, divine love.
  4. The founder and followers lived and live as householders and sannyasa is not praised.

Scriptures

The main scriptures of the sampradaya created in regional Braj Bhasha with status of the heaven language.[3]

Temples and practices

Devotees taking darshan at Banke Bihari Temple, Vrindavan
Devotees taking darshan at Banke Bihari Temple, Vrindavan

The Shri Radha Vallabh Temple in Vrindavan, Mathura is a very famous temple of the same preaching. This temple is among the most famous 7 temples of Thakur of Vrindavan including Sri Radhavallabh ji, Shri Govind Dev ji, Shri Bankey Bihari Ji and four others. In this temple, there is no idol of Radharani, but a crown is placed next to Krishna to signify her presence.[13]

The "Tikaet Adhyaksh" of Shri Radhavallabh ji Temple is Shri Radheshlal Goswami and further his child Shri Mohit Maral Goswami, his son Shobhit lal Goswami and his brother Govind lal Goswami are also taking care of the temple. Shri Radhavallabh ji Temple was founded by Shri Hith Harivansh Mahaprabhu who is worshipped in the adjacent temple of Shri Radhavallabh ji which was earlier Shri Radhavallabh ji's temple but because of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb attack on Vrindavan he was shifted to other place and then the new temple was built. The Yugal Darshan of Radhavallabh ji is considered as difficult because of rituals due to which the "patt" gets closed. This temple with Madan teer and Seva kunj with Maharasmandal are held by the Tikaet Adhyaksh and are considered as Shri Radhavallabh ji's property. In this temple Radhastami is celebrated largely which is a festival on the birthday of Shri Radha Rani . The Temple of Shri Radhavallabh lal is also the mighty temple as many people confirmed that The Lord there residing is living power while others feel a real relaxation on having the Yugal Darshan of Radhavallabh ji.[citation needed]

In the lap of nature, in Vrindavan with its cluster of forests and meadows surrounded by the revered river Yamuna, the almighty mingled with the people of the land, making on destination of cast and creed. The purest form of divine love play with Sri Radha displayed by him, opened up the most secluded, rarest and the super most path of "Ras-Bhakti", hitherto unknown to the world.[citation needed]

Shri Radhavallabhlal temple is one of the icons of Vrindavan with extraordinary beauty, building style and wonderful darshans of deity. The Lord is considered as living with unearthly powers. Many people from far away come to seek the darshan of Thakur Ji.[citation needed]

The forces of creation and sustenance, in effect Mother Nature herself, reincarnated around Him as Sri Radha, and her companions. Lord Krishna's haunting flute sweetest melodies was the call of God and followers happily abandoned worldly attachments to serve God and joy in this garden of nature.[citation needed]

The kirtan "Samaj-Gayan" is the Radha-vallabha's collective style of hymn singing by the Hindustani classical music forms, such "dhrupad" and "dhamar".[3]

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. ^ As a precursor to this view can be understand the 12th-century poet Jayadeva, in whose Gita Govinda (10.9) Krishna beneath Radha.[10]
  2. ^ Scholaes sometimes count the Radhavallabhis as offshoot of Nimbarka Sampradaya.[11]

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d Beck 2005, p. 66.
  2. ^ a b White 1977; Snell 1991; Beck 2005, pp. 67–68.
  3. ^ a b c d Beck 2005, p. 67.
  4. ^ White 1977; Snell 1991, chapter 1; Brzezinski 1992; Rosenstein 1998; Beck 2005.
  5. ^ Rosenstein 1998.
  6. ^ Vemsani, Lavanya (2016). Krishna in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Hindu Lord of Many Names: An Encyclopedia of the Hindu Lord of Many Names. Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio. ISBN 978-1-61069-211-3.
  7. ^ Lochtefeld, James G. (2002). "Radha". The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N–Z. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 542. ISBN 978-0-8239-3180-4.
  8. ^ Balfour, Edward (1885). The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia: Commercial, Industrial and Scientific, Products of the Mineral, Vegetable, and Animal Kingdoms, Useful Arts and Manufactures (3rd ed.). London: B. Quaritch. p. 62.
  9. ^ Beck 2005, pp. 74–76.
  10. ^ Beck 2005, p. 76.
  11. ^ De, Sushil Kumar (1942). Early History of the Vaisnava Faith and Movement in Bengal from Sanskrit and Bengali Sources. Calcutta: General Printers and Publishers. p. 6 note.
  12. ^ Beck 2005, pp. 86–90.
  13. ^ Rājaśekhara Dāsa (2000). The Color Guide to Vṛndāvana: India's Most Holy City of Over 5,000 Temples. Vedanta Vision Publication.
  14. ^ Brzezinski 1992.

Bibliography