Raigarh district
Kelo river
Location of Raigarh district in Chhattisgarh
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DivisionBilaspur
HeadquartersRaigarh
Tehsils09
Area
 • Total7,086 km2 (2,736 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,493,984
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Urban
246,281
Demographics
 • Literacy73.7%(959,866)
 • Sex ratio993
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-49, NH-153(new numbering after a gazette notification of March 5, 2010)
Average annual precipitation1584 mm
Websiteraigarh.nic.in

Raigarh district is a district of the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh. Raigarh is the district headquarters.

The district was formed by merging the princely states of Raigarh, Sakti, Sarangarh, Udaipur and Jashpur.[1] Jashpur is now a separate district. Sakti is now not a part of Raigarh district.

It is rapidly growing as an industrial district of Chhattisgarh. One of the oldest jute mills of India is situated here, Mohan jute mill; it was the only Jute Mill of the state CG and undivided MP. Raigarh is one of the major producers of steel and power in the country. Here are situated many steel and power plants such as JSPL, MSP, Monnet steel, and many other small and medium producers. The volume can be judged by the statement that Raigarh itself is consuming about 20,000 tons of coal per day.[citation needed]

Administration

Raigarh district has 9 tehsils:

  1. Raigarh
  2. Sarangarh
  3. Udaipur (Dharamjaigarh)
  4. Baramkela
  5. Kharsia
  6. Pusour
  7. Lailunga
  8. Tamnar
  9. Gharghoda

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Raigarh district has a population of 1,493,984,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[3] or the US state of Hawaii.[4] This gives it a ranking of 336th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 211 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.02%.[2] Raigarh has a sex ratio of 993 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 73.7%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.06% and 33.84% of the population respectively.[2]

Languages

Languages of Raigarh district, 2011 census

  Chhattisgarhi (75.61%)
  Odia (9.52%)
  Hindi (6.70%)
  Kurukh (4.04%)
  Others (4.13%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 75.61% of the population in the district spoke Chhattisgarhi, 9.52% Odia, 6.70% Hindi and 4.04% Kurukh as their first language.[5]

Languages spoken here include Asuri, an Austroasiatic language spoken by approximately 17,000.[6]

References

  1. ^ Publication by Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics - 1973- Issue 61 - Page 346
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gabon 1,576,665
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301
  5. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  6. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Asuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.

Coordinates: 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.900°N 83.400°E / 21.900; 83.400