Railfan photographers in Belgium, at the farewell of the NMBS/SNCB Class 51 locomotive
Railfan photographers in Belgium, at the farewell of the NMBS/SNCB Class 51 locomotive
Railfan photographing a Caltrain service in the United States
Railfan photographing a Caltrain service in the United States

A railfan, rail buff or train buff (American English), railway enthusiast, railway buff or trainspotter (Australian/British English), or ferroequinologist is a person who is recreationally interested in trains and rail transport systems[1][2]

Railfans often combine their interest with other hobbies, especially photography and videography, radio scanning, railway modelling, studying railroad history and participating in railway station and rolling stock preservation efforts. There are many magazines dedicated to railfanning and railway enthusiasts, including Trains, Railfan & Railroad, The Railway Magazine, Locomotive Magazine, and Railway Gazette International.

Other names

In the United Kingdom, rail enthusiasts are often called trainspotters or anoraks. The term gricer has been used in the UK since at least 1969 and is said to have been current in 1938 amongst members of the Manchester Locomotive Society, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. There has been speculation that the term derives from "grouser", one who collects dead grouse after a shoot, but other etymologies have also been suggested.[3]

In Australia, they are sometimes referred to as "gunzels".[4][5]

Numerous terms exist for rail enthusiasts in Japan, including Toritetsu for fans of photographing trains, Nori-tetsu (people who enjoy travelling by train) and Eki-tetsu (enthusiasts of train station architecture).[6]

In the United States, they can be referred to as "foamers".[7][8] There is a dispute over the origin of this term. Some cite the extensive use of styrofoam to create scenery and landscaping in model railroad building, while others trace its origins to the related term "Foamite" (which stands for "Far Out and Mentally Incompetent Train Enthusiast") or claim it refers to "the notion of foaming-at-the-mouth craziness".[9]

Activities

ČSD Locomotive 498.104 in Košice at the head of a nostalgic train
A train parade on a railway test circuit in Moscow, Russia. Railfans taking photos and videos of rolling stock
A model railway of Berlin's Bahnhof Zoo at the LOXX Berlin model railway
A model railway of Berlin's Bahnhof Zoo at the LOXX Berlin model railway

The hobby extends to all aspects of rail transport systems. Railfans may have one or more particular concentrations of interest, such as:

The scope of the subject is so large that fans may additionally concentrate their interest on a particular country, town, railway company, field of operations or era in history – or a combination of any of the above.

Railway photography

Railfans taking train photos at the Japan Railways Group (JR) Tokyo train center
Railfans taking train photos at the Japan Railways Group (JR) Tokyo train center
A railfan taking photos in a driving cab of a diesel locomotive during an excursion tour
A railfan taking photos in a driving cab of a diesel locomotive during an excursion tour

Train photography is a common activity of railfans. Most railfans do their photographing from public property, unless they have permission to use a specific private property owner's land. Occasionally, they run into problems with law enforcement, especially due to post 9/11 security concerns, because they are sometimes viewed as suspicious. In 2004, for example, the New York City Subway attempted to institute a photo ban, which was met with fierce opposition and ultimately scrapped.[10] The Port Authority Trans–Hudson (PATH) successfully implemented a photo ban that is still in effect (although it predated the September 11 attacks and the 1993 World Trade Center bombing); it has led to confiscations and arrests on the PATH system.[11]

Trainspotting

"Train spotting" redirects here. For other uses, see Trainspotting (disambiguation).

A July 1844 timetable for the Long Island Rail Road
A July 1844 timetable for the Long Island Rail Road

A trainspotter may use a data book listing the locomotives or equipment in question, in which locomotives seen are ticked off. An early trainspotter was 14-year-old Fanny Gordon, who in 1861 recorded the names of locomotives passing Westbourne Park station on the Great Western Railway.[22] In Great Britain, this aspect of the hobby was given a major impetus by the publication from 1942 onward of the Ian Allan "ABC" series of booklets, whose publication began in response to public requests for information about the locomotives of the Southern Railway.[23]

Railway trips

Bashing

The term "bashing" is used by railway enthusiasts to mean several things. Used alone, it is a general term for a railway enthusiast's trip, excursion or holiday involving train travel and observation.[citation needed] "Line bashing" is an attempt to cover as much of a railway network as possible. It may also be called "track bashing", especially if the person wishes to cover individual sections of track, such as crossovers and sidings, in addition to completing an "A to B" journey on each of the line's sections. In the UK (especially), Germany, and to a lesser extent other countries, railfans often use a special excursion train (usually known as a "railtour") to cover freight-only railway lines to complete their coverage of a country's rail network.[citation needed] "Shed bashing" describes going out to as many railway sheds or depots as possible. It was very popular in the 1950s and 1960s. As they required a permit that could be hard to obtain, some "shed bashers" were illegal.[24] Another development from trainspotting, almost unique to the UK, is the "haulage basher" or locomotive haulage enthusiast.[25]

Fantrips

Railfans taking video of a moving restored train with steam locomotives during a fantrip from their road car

Many railway preservation groups run special trips for railfans using restored trains, often on "rare mileage" lines that do not see regular passenger service.[26] These trips are both social events and opportunities for railfans to photograph unusual trains. Chasing a fantrip by road for the purposes of photography is often referred to as "motorcading" in Australia.[27][28]

Other activities

See also: List of railroad-related periodicals

Some enthusiasts combine their interest in trains with the hobby of monitoring radio communications, specializing in listening to radio communications of railroad operations using a scanner.[29]

Origins of interest

Railfans on a 1939 camera excursion train in Ohio, USA
Railfans on a 1939 camera excursion train in Ohio, USA

The motivation for someone developing an interest in railways can come from many sources.[30][31]

Nostalgia may also result from the long, lonesome wail of the train's horn, which mimics vocalizations that want for a more simple time reminiscent of home, as heard in country or folk music worldwide.[32]

Safety

Railfans in the United States have been asked to keep railroad areas safer by reporting crimes and suspicious activity.[33] In the United Kingdom the British Transport Police have asked trainspotters to report any unusual behaviour and activities at stations.[34]

In the United States, concerns about terrorism have led to situations where railfans are followed or confronted by local law enforcement or transit police.[35][36] This has also led to situations where certain transportation agencies have implemented photography bans systemwide.

The BNSF railway instituted the "Citizens for Rail Security"[37] (CRS) program for the general public to report suspicious activities on their railways. Obtaining this card is common for railfans and is a derivative of the BNSF "On Guard" program for employees. However, this card does not recognize members as employees or contractors, and asks them to keep off railway property. Amtrak offers a similar program, "Partners for Amtrak Safety and Security" (PASS).[38]

In Japan, toritetsu have been frequently criticised for their behaviour when photographing trains, including incidents of vandalism and trespassing into restricted areas to set up cameras, destruction of lineside property and plants to clear a view of the track, stealing goods to sell on to fund expensive cameras,[39] theft of railway equipment, being rude towards station staff and train drivers,[40] physical assault,[41] and attempting to intimidate passengers and road users for inadvertently interfering with their activities.[42]

Network Rail, the British rail infrastructure owner and station operator, has produced guidelines for the behaviour and responsibilities of railway enthusiasts at its stations.[43] In May 2010, the dangers of acting carelessly in the vicinity of an active railway were highlighted after an enthusiast, standing next to a double track line photographing the Oliver Cromwell, failed to notice a Turbostar express train approaching at 70 mph on the nearer track in the other direction, and came within inches of being struck by it.[44][45]

See also

Similar hobbies

Glossaries

References

  1. ^ Larson, Russ (1974). "Learn the lingo". N Scale Primer (Fourth printing, 1977 ed.). Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Publishing. p. 101.
  2. ^ Kisor, p. 5.
  3. ^ "Gricer, n.". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  4. ^ Campbell, Don (2004-01-02). "Gunzels". Trams Down Under. Tramway Museum Society of Victoria. Archived from the original on September 5, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-05.
  5. ^ Moynihan, Stephen (October 1, 2007). "Rail Fans Celebrate Own Win as New Line Launched". The Age. Retrieved 2007-10-05.
  6. ^ "Trainspotting in Japan". JRPass.com. Retrieved 2022-06-30.
  7. ^ Gold, Scott (May 12, 2007). "Train hobbyists are loco for that motion". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 14, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
  8. ^ McGrath, Ben (August 29, 2022). "All Aboard the Berkshire Flyer!". The New Yorker. Vol. 98, no. 27. Condé Nast (published September 5, 2022). p. 14. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  9. ^ Barry, Dan (2009-11-07). "Awesome Train Set, Mr. Buffett". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-01-02.
  10. ^ "village voice > nyclife > Forbidden Photos, Anyone? by Matt Haber". February 28, 2005. Archived from the original on February 28, 2005. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
  11. ^ "Is it really illegal to take pictures in the train station? Transit agencies have differing policies for photographers videographers a". Hudson Reporter. December 23, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  12. ^ "Railway enthusiasts". Network Rail. Retrieved 2015-09-25.
  13. ^ "Filming & photography on TFL".
  14. ^ "Photography and filming | nexus.org.uk". www.nexus.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2019-11-12.
  15. ^ "SMRT Trains: FAQs". SMRT Trains. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  16. ^ "Adif - Permisos de aficionados". adif.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  17. ^ "Legal case" (PDF).
  18. ^ "распоряжение 1513р".
  19. ^ "Regio Decreto 11 luglio 1941, n. 1161. - Norme relative al segreto militare" (PDF). www.meniero.it/. 2013-04-12.
  20. ^ "Decreto Legislativo 15 marzo 2010, n. 66" (PDF). www.difesa.it/.
  21. ^ "Informationen für Hobbyfotografen und –filmer" (PDF).
  22. ^ Foster, Mark (27 August 2014). "First recorded trainspotter was not man clad in anorak but 14-year-old girl Fanny Johnson". Northern Echo. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  23. ^ Interview with Ian Allan as part of the Last Days of Steam broadcast as part of the Timeshift series, BBC Four, 5 April 2012
  24. ^ Railway Top Spots: Revisiting the Top Train Spotting Destinations of Our Childhood - by Julian Holland
  25. ^ Carter, Gary. "Everything You Need To Know About "Bashing"". (A Beginner's Guide). Dreadful.org.uk. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
  26. ^ "Rare Mileage". American Heritage. Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2007-10-29.
  27. ^ "Australian Railway Slang". Home.alphalink.com.au. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  28. ^ "Hotham Valley Railway". Hotham Valley Railway. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  29. ^ Tom Kneitel, K2AES (1990) [1982]. Rail-Scan: Directory of railroad scanner frequencies. New York: CRB Research Books, Inc. pp. 5–6. ISBN 0-939780-12-7.
  30. ^ Simmons, J.; Biddle, G., eds. (1997). "Enthusiasts". The Oxford Companion to British Railway History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-211697-5.
  31. ^ Richards, J.; McKenzie, J. M. (1986). The Railway Station: A Social History. Oxford University Press. pp. 13–14. ISBN 0-19-215876-7.
  32. ^ Fox, Aaron A. (2004-10-04). "Real Country: Music and Language in Working-Class Culture". Duke University Press Books. Retrieved 2013-10-12Cited by Radiolab. Season 4, Episode 5, 39:00.((cite web)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  33. ^ "BNSF Railway Asks Rail Fans for Cooperation To Keep America's Rail System Safe". BNSF Railway. June 7, 2006. Archived from the original on February 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
  34. ^ "British Transport Police advice to Rail Enthusiasts". Btp.police.uk. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
  35. ^ Ripley, Amanda (May 16, 2004). "Hobbyist or Terrorist?". time.com.
  36. ^ Phillips, Don (November 17, 2002). "'Railfans' Love Trains, But They Draw Stares From Cops After 9-11". orlandosentinel.com.
  37. ^ "Citizens for Rail Security has moved".
  38. ^ "Partners for Amtrak Safety and Security website". police.amtrak.com. Retrieved 2014-09-25.
  39. ^ Staff·, Editorial (2022-06-30). "Tokyo Police arrest 24-year-old suspect dubbed the 'Lego Kid' for stealing toys". NextShark. Retrieved 2022-07-01.
  40. ^ "Train enthusiasts gone wild! Are Japan's train photographers losing their social graces?". SoraNews24 -Japan News-. 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2022-07-01.
  41. ^ Auto, Hermes (2022-03-28). "Japan's hardcore train fans accused of going off the rails | The Straits Times". www.straitstimes.com. Retrieved 2022-07-01.
  42. ^ "Furious train otaku in Japan confront foreign bicyclist after he gets in the way of their cameras". SoraNews24 -Japan News-. 2021-08-06. Retrieved 2022-07-01.
  43. ^ "Railway enthusiasts". Network Rail. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  44. ^ "Train spotter in narrow escape". BBC News. May 14, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-14.
  45. ^ "Railway buff filming in Suffolk fails to see express". BBC News. May 14, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-14.

Sources

Further reading