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Rainbow Greens
Verdi Arcobaleno
LeaderMario Capanna
Deputy LeaderFrancesco Rutelli
SpokespersonEdo Ronchi
Adelaide Aglietta
Adele Faccio
Founded1 January 1989 (1989-01-01)
Dissolved9 December 1990 (1990-12-09)
Merged intoFederation of the Greens
HeadquartersVia Salandra 6, Rome
IdeologyGreen politics
Political positionCentre-left to Left-wing
European affiliationEuropean Federation of Green Parties (1989–1990)
European Parliament groupGreen Group (1989–1990)
Colors  Green

Rainbow Greens (Italian: Verdi Arcobaleno) was a green political party in Italy.

It was founded in May 1989 by splinters of Proletarian Democracy (Mario Capanna, Virginio Bettini, Gianni Tamino, Edo Ronchi and Paolo Gentiloni) and some leading Radicals (Adelaide Aglietta, Adele Faccio, Francesco Rutelli, Franco Corleone and Marco Boato).

It took part in the 1989 European elections, under the denomination 'Rainbow Greens for Europe' (Verdi Arcobaleno per l'Europa), receiving 2.4% of the vote and electing 2 MEPs,[1][2] who sat in the Green Group.[3]

In December 1990 it merged with the Federation of Green Lists (Gianni Mattioli, Lino De Benetti, Gianfranco Amendola, Alexander Langer, Enrico Falqui, Sauro Turroni and Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio) to form the Federation of the Greens.[4]


  1. ^ John Ely (1998). "Green Politics in Europe and the United States". In Margit Mayer; John Ely (eds.). The German Greens: Paradox Between Movement and Party. Temple University Press. p. 195. ISBN 978-1-56639-516-8.
  2. ^ Gino Moliterno, ed. (2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture. Routledge. p. 881. ISBN 978-1-134-75876-0.
  3. ^ "Groupe des Verts-Alliance Libre Européenne V-ALE".
  4. ^ Roberto Biorcio (2016). "Green Parties in Southern Europe". In Emilie van Haute (ed.). Green Parties in Europe. Routledge. p. 182. ISBN 978-1-317-12454-2.