Rajinder Kaur Bhattal
14th Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
21 November 1996 – 11 February 1997
Preceded byHarcharan Singh Brar
Succeeded byParkash Singh Badal
Leader of opposition in Punjab Legislative assembly
In office
12 February 1997 – 10 October 1998
Preceded bySatnam Singh Kainth
Succeeded byChaudhary Jagjit Singh
In office
1 March 2007 – 14 March 2012
Preceded byParkash Singh Badal
Succeeded bySunil Kumar Jakhar
2nd Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
6 January 2004 – 1 March 2007
Chief MinisterAmarinder Singh
Preceded byBalram Das Tandon
Succeeded bySukhbir Singh Badal
Personal details
Born (1945-09-30) 30 September 1945 (age 78)
Lahore, Punjab, British India
Political partyCongress

Rajinder Kaur Bhattal (born 30 September 1945) is an Indian politician and member of Congress who served as the 14th Chief Minister of Punjab from 1996 to 1997 and 2nd Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab from 2004 to 2007. She is the first and so far only female to hold the office of Chief Minister in Punjab.[1] Overall she is 8th female Chief Minister and 3rd female deputy chief minister in India. Since 1992 she has won from Lehra Assembly Constituency five terms consecutively.

Early life

She was born on 30 September 1945 in Lahore in Punjab to Hira Singh Bhattal and Harnam Kaur. She was married to Lal Singh Sidhu at village Changali Wala, Lehragaga in Sangrur district and had two children, a girl and a boy.

Political career

In 1994, Bhattal was a state education minister in Chandigarh.[2] Bhattal became the first female Chief Minister of Punjab when she took office after the resignation of Harcharan Singh Brar,[1] serving from November 1996 to February 1997, the eighth female Chief Minister in Indian history.[3] Her initiatives as Chief Minister of Punjab included, in December 1996, a scheme to provide grants of free electricity to small farmers in order to power wells.[4]

After the Congress party lost the February 1997 assembly elections in Punjab, bringing an end to her term as Chief Minister, Bhattal took over as president of the Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee from Singh Randhawa in May,[5] and then as leader of the Congress Legislature Party until October 1998, when she was ousted from her position and replaced by Chaudhary Jagjit Singh.[6] Her ousting, amid claims of misleading statements about the involvement of the Congress leadership,[6] was followed by a protracted dispute with Amarinder Singh, who had succeeded her as Punjab Congress president, and who was seen as responsible for her removal. By 2003, Bhattal had publicly pledged to remove Singh from his position as Chief Minister and was backed by dozens of dissident MLAs from the Congress party.[7] The dispute saw intervention from the central command of the Congress party in New Delhi, with Sonia Gandhi taking a hand in negotiations. Initially the dissident group led by Bhattal rejected any solution other than the removal of Singh.[8]

In January 2004, Bhattal accepted a position as deputy chief minister of Punjab, with other dissidents also taking roles in the cabinet, in a bid to heal the divisions.[9] Denying that the dissidents had made demands in order to gain these concessions, Bhattal said that she had accepted the post because Sonia Gandhi had asked her to do so.[10] In March 2007, Bhattal became leader of the Congress Legislature Party in Punjab Vidhan Sabha.[11] The dispute rumbled on, however, and in April 2008 the party high command once again had to intervene, this time asking both Singh and Bhattal to cease speaking to the media about their disagreements.[12]

During this period, Bhattal also saw off attempted prosecutions, with a court acquitting her of corruption charges in April 2008.[13] Continuing as Punjab Congress leader, she also took credit for successfully pressuring the administration of Parkash Singh Badal to introduce a debt waiver scheme for farmers.[14]

As of June 2011, Bhattal remains the Punjab Congress Legislature Party leader.[15]

She was one of the 42 INC MLAs who submitted their resignation in protest of a decision of the Supreme Court of India ruling Punjab's termination of the Sutlej-Yamuna Link (SYL) water canal unconstitutional.[16]


  1. ^ a b Bouton, Marshall M.; Oldenburg, Philip (1999). India briefing: a transformative fifty years. M.E. Sharpe. p. 275. ISBN 978-0-7656-0339-5.
  2. ^ "Teachers strike after one is slapped", The Gadsden Times, 27 May 1994
  3. ^ "Mamata Banerjee to be India's 14th Woman CM", Outlook Magazine, 17 May 2011, retrieved 11 July 2011
  4. ^ Dhillon, G.S. (17 December 2001), "Aftermath of free power bonanza to Punjab farmers", The Tribune, retrieved 11 July 2011
  5. ^ "Randhawa quits Punjab Congress chief post", The Indian Express, 19 May 1997, retrieved 11 July 2011
  6. ^ a b "Bhattal questions her removal", The Indian Express, 28 November 1998, retrieved 11 July 2011
  7. ^ "Bhattal to give signed list of disgruntled legislators", The Economic Times, 12 December 2003, retrieved 11 July 2011
  8. ^ Dhaliwal, Sarbjit (17 December 2003), "Dissidents may go on Bharat Darshan", The Tribune, retrieved 11 July 2011
  9. ^ "Bhattal deputy CM, expansion soon", The Times of India, 7 January 2004, archived from the original on 8 September 2012, retrieved 11 July 2011
  10. ^ "Bhattal speaks to reporters on Amarinder", The Times of India, 10 January 2004, archived from the original on 10 September 2012, retrieved 11 July 2011
  11. ^ "Bhattal elected leader of CLP", The Hindu, 12 March 2007, retrieved 11 July 2011
  12. ^ Bains, Satinder (23 April 2008). "Congress high command brings truce between Amarinder, Bhattal". Punjab Newsline. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  13. ^ PTI (2 April 2008). "Badal Govt won't fight Bhattal clean chit". The Indian Express. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  14. ^ "Bhattal thanks Centre for debt relief scheme for farmers". The Hindu. 29 February 2008. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  15. ^ "Bhattal calls for immediate release Filled in 2 bare reference(s) with reFill 2 of grant to aided schools". Punjab Newsline. 18 June 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  16. ^ PTI (11 November 2016). "SYL verdict: 42 Punjab Congress MLAs resign". The Indian Express. Retrieved 20 April 2018.