Rajkamal Kalamandir was a noted film production company and studio in Mumbai. It was established by V. Shantaram in 1942, after he left Prabhat Films. The studio produced films both in Hindi and Marathi, and it was best known for Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946), Amar Bhoopali (1951), Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje (1955), Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1957), Navrang (1959) and Pinjra (1972). In its heyday, Rajkamal was one of the most sophisticated studios of the country.[1][2]


Prabhat Films was founded in Kolhapur, in 1929, towards the end of the silent films' era, by the V. Shantaram and V.G. Damle. The studio later shifted to Pune; here Shantaram directed notable films Amrit Manthan (1934) and Kunku (Duniya Na Mane, Hindi) in 1937. However, he parted ways in 1942, when bought the premises of Wadia Movietone in Mumbai. Wadia Movietone was established in 1933 by the Wadia brothers J. B. H. Wadia and Homi Wadia, who were most known for Hunterwali (1935). The studio released its debut feature film, Shakuntala in 1943, which was followed by films such as Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946), Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje (1955), Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1957) and Navrang (1959), as well as Amar Bhoopali (1951) and Pinjra (1972) in Marathi. [3][4][5]



  1. ^ Well ahead of his times The Hindu, 30 November 2001.
  2. ^ Ambarish Mishra (28 September 2006). "50 years of a Shantaram classic". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  3. ^ Dissanayake 2013, p. 79.
  4. ^ Chatterjee 2003, p. 327.
  5. ^ Dwyer 2005, p. 65.