Ralph Idris Steadman
Me and Ralph Steadman.jpg
Steadman in 2006
Born (1936-05-15) 15 May 1936 (age 85)
Wallasey, Cheshire, England
NationalityBritish
Known forPainting, drawing, caricatures, cartoons
Websitewww.ralphsteadman.com Edit this at Wikidata
Hunter S. Thompson as  "Dr. Gonzo"  by Ralph Steadman.
Hunter S. Thompson as "Dr. Gonzo" by Ralph Steadman.

Ralph Idris Steadman[1] (born 15 May 1936) is a British[2] illustrator best known for his collaboration and friendship with the American writer Hunter S. Thompson.[3] Steadman is renowned for his political and social caricatures, cartoons and picture books.

Early life

Steadman was born in Wallasey, Cheshire to an English father, Lionel Raphael Steadman, and a Welsh mother, Gwendoline; the family moved to Wales towards the end of the Second World War. Steadman attended the Grammar School in Abergele in North Wales but hated the draconian, sadistic new headmaster and left aged 16. “I couldn’t wait to get out,” he said. From a lower middle class background, his father was a commercial traveller and his mother was a shop assistant at T J Hughes in Liverpool.[4][5] Steadman took his first job at 16 as a RADAR Operator at the De Havilland aircraft factory in the border town of Broughton near Chester but only remained for nine months, finding factory life repetitive and dull, and becoming fed up with fellow employees, citing persistent cruel practical jokes (“They were always putting stuff in your tea,”); however whilst there he became skilled in technical drawing, thus sowing the seeds of his future career. Whilst later working at Woolworths, he was sweeping up outside when he encountered his old headmaster, who tersely declared that Steadman had made a complete mess of his life and then proceeded to kick his way straight through the freshly swept pile, scattering it in all directions. Steadman returned to England after National Service in 1954 and found work in London as a cartoonist. Wishing to accelerate his progress he enrolled in 1959 at East Ham Technical College and the London College of Printing during the 1960s, doing freelance work for Punch, Private Eye, the Daily Telegraph, The New York Times and Rolling Stone during this time.

Career

Collaborations with Hunter S. Thompson

Steadman's film poster for Where the Buffalo Roam (1980).
Steadman's film poster for Where the Buffalo Roam (1980).

Steadman had a long partnership with the American journalist Hunter S. Thompson, drawing pictures for several of his articles and books.[6][7] He accompanied Thompson to the Kentucky Derby for an article for the magazine Scanlan's, to the Honolulu Marathon for the magazine Running, and illustrated both Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas and Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail '72.

Steadman has expressed regret at selling the original illustrations for Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas at the advice of his agent to Rolling Stone founder Jann Wenner for the sum of $75, a fraction of their later value. As a result of that transaction Steadman has largely refused to sell any of his original artwork and has been quoted as saying "If anyone owns a Steadman original, it's stolen." While there are original pieces held outside of his archive, they are exceedingly rare. The artist has kept possession of the vast bulk of his original artwork.

Steadman appears on the second disc of The Criterion Collection Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas DVD set, in a documentary called Fear and Loathing in Gonzovision, which was made by the BBC in 1978, of Thompson planning the tower and cannon that his ashes were later blasted out of. The cannon was atop a 153-ft. tower of Thompson's fist gripping a peyote button; Thompson demands that Steadman gives the fist two thumbs, "Right now."

Other illustration work

As well as writing and illustrating his own books and Thompson's, Steadman has worked with writers including Ted Hughes, Adrian Mitchell and Brian Patten, and also illustrated editions of Alice in Wonderland, Treasure Island, Animal Farm, the English translation of Flann O'Brien's Gaelic-language classic The Poor Mouth, and most recently, Fahrenheit 451.

Steadman has drawn album covers for numerous music artists, including the Who, Exodus, Frank Zappa and Ambrosia,[8] and the lead banner for the gonzo journalism website GonzoToday.com.[9]

Among the British public, Steadman is well known for his illustrations for the catalogues of the off-licence chain Oddbins.

In 1985, Steadman designed a set of four British postage stamps to commemorate the appearance that year of Halley's Comet.

Steadman has illustrated Will Self's column in The Independent newspaper.

Steadman has contributed to the BirdLife International's Preventing Extinctions programme with an image of critically endangered northern bald ibis.[10]

In 2014, Steadman created the artwork for a series of limited edition Breaking Bad steelbook DVDs.[11] These works were the subject of an exhibition at 71a Gallery in Hackney, London in February 2015.[12]

In 2016 Steadman did the cover art for Anthony Bourdain's Appetites: A Cookbook.

In 2017, Steadman penned the artwork for Travis Scott and Quavo's joint project Huncho Jack, Jack Huncho.[13]

In 2019, Steadman created the artwork for Taylor Mac's Broadway show Gary: A Sequel to Titus Andronicus.[14]

In 2020, Steadman created the artwork for the documentary film Freak Power: The Ballot or the Bomb which follows journalist Hunter S. Thompson and his 1970 campaign for sheriff of Pitkin County, Colorado.

Beer labels and freedom of speech

Steadman has designed label art for Flying Dog beer and designed the V logo used on Flying Dog's packaging since 1995. The Logo includes an original motto by Steadman: "Good Beer No Shit". Because of this, and because of Steadman's controversial label art for the craft brewery's Road Dog ale and Doggie Style ale, a complaint of obscenity was filed against Flying Dog. The Colorado State Liquor Board then had Flying Dog beers pulled from store shelves. Flying Dog and the American Civil Liberties Union sued the state of Colorado while the displayed motto was changed to “Good Beer No Censorship.” In 2001, the Colorado Supreme Court entered final judgment in favor of Flying Dog, based on the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, (freedom of speech).[15][16]

In 2009, the Michigan Liquor Control Commission banned Flying Dog's "Raging Bitch Belgian-Style IPA" beer, partly for the name and partly for Steadman's label art. In 2015, the 6th Circuit Federal Court of Appeals struck down the ban on first amendment grounds and recommended civil damages against the state of Michigan.[17][18]

In an article since deleted from its website, Flying Dog stated that its Cardinal "Spiced" Zin' wine was banned in Ohio for Steadman's "disturbing" interpretation of a Catholic cardinal on its label.[19][20]

In 2018, Flying Dog received a complaint in the UK about the packaging of its "Easy IPA" reduced-alcohol beer. The complaint partially involved Steadman's label art, depicting a tipsy cartoon character. The Portman Group, a third-party organization which evaluates alcohol-related marketing in the UK, has accepted the complaint's allegation that the artwork “could be seen as encouraging drunkenness”, particularly among minors, and has issued an advisory.[21]

In 2021, Flying Dog sued the North Carolina Alcohol Beverage Control Commission for violation of free speech provisions after the NC ABC rejected the label for the brewery's "Freezin' Season" beer as "inappropriate".[22]

Music and writing

In 1980, Steadman wrote a 57-second song "Sweetest Love (Lament after a Broken Sashcord on a Theme by John Donne)" for an album he was illustrating, Miniatures: A Sequence of Fifty-One Tiny Masterpieces (edited by Morgan Fisher), on Pipe Records. Steadman sang the song to Fisher's harmonium accompaniment.[23]

In 1999, Steadman wrote the lyrics for Richard Harvey's choral album Plague and the Moonflower, on Altus Records.[24]

Also in 1999, Steadman released an anthology album of his "favourite music", on EMI Records, entitled I Like It. Two pieces of his own music are included, "Weird & Twisted Nights" (listed as a collaboration with Hunter S. Thompson and someone named Mc Dean) and "Sweetest Love I Do Not Go" (the same 57-second piece he released in 1980). The album comes with a "songbook", which has text by Steadman.[25]

Hal Willner and Johnny Depp's 2006 anthology of songs, Rogue's Gallery: Pirate Ballads, Sea Songs, and Chanteys[26] contains two contributions from Steadman. He sings lead on "Little Boy Billee" and sings backing vocals for Eliza Carthy on "Rolling Sea".[27]

In 2011, Steadman began running prose and poetry in Kotori Magazine.[28]

In 2015, Steadman released a 7-inch vinyl single on Philthy Phonograph Records, "The Man Who Woke Up in the Dark" B/w "Striped Paint".[29]

In 2020, Chronicle Chroma published the definitive book on Steadman's work and career, "A Life In Ink" by Ralph Steadman. [30]

Awards

Blue plaque on a house on the New King's Road, London SW6
Blue plaque on a house on the New King's Road, London SW6

Awards that he has won for his work include the Francis Williams Book Illustration Award for Alice in Wonderland, the American Society of Illustrators' Certificate of Merit, the W H Smith Illustration Award for I Leonardo, the Dutch Silver Paintbrush Award for Inspector Mouse, the Italian Critica in Erba Prize for That's My Dad, the BBC Design Award for postage stamps, the Black Humour Award in France, and several Designers and Art Directors Association Awards. He was voted Illustrator of the Year by the American Institute of Graphic Arts in 1979.

Film documentary

A major documentary about Steadman's career, For No Good Reason, directed by Charlie Paul, played at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival in the "Mavericks" programme.[31] The film, reportedly 15 years in the making, played in New York City and Los Angeles in December 2013, and was given US domestic release in spring 2014.[32] The film was in competition for the Grierson Award for Best Documentary at the 2012 BFI London Film Festival.[33]

Personal life

Steadman is a member of the Chelsea Arts Club.[34]

He is a patron of the Association of Illustrators.[35]

Steadman currently lives with his wife in Kent, England.

Selected works

Autobiographical writings

References

  1. ^ "Ralph Steadman". npg.org.uk. Archived from the original on 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  2. ^ Rowland, Paul (28 December 2006). "How Hunter persuaded Steadman to stay Welsh". WalesOnline. Archived from the original on 22 February 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  3. ^ Dubner, Stephen J. (12 June 2008). "Ralph Steadman Answers Your Questions". Freakonomics.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  4. ^ Taylor, Laurie (31 May 2007). "Laurie Taylor's interviews: Learning to fly: Laurie Taylor interviews Ralph Steadman". The Rationalist Association. Archived from the original on 29 December 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  5. ^ "In the spotlight: Ralph Steadman". North Wales Weekly News. 2 February 2012. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  6. ^ Perry, Kevin (3 October 2006). "Ralph Steadman interview about The Joke's Over". London: The Beaver. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
  7. ^ SUMMER MOVIES; On Filming a Gonzo Vision: A Gonzo Dialogue Archived 10 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine. The New York Times. 3 May 1998.
  8. ^ "The Album Art of Ralph Steadman". Rateyourmusic.com. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". gonzotoday.com. Archived from the original on 1 February 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Northern Bald Ibis: Ralph Steadman's view on NBI". Northernbaldibis.blogspot.com. 27 February 2012. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Ralph Steadman drew the characters from Breaking Bad". The Independent. 15 October 2014. Archived from the original on 31 October 2020. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  12. ^ "Breaking Bad Art Exhibition on Display in London". HYPEBEAST. 18 February 2015. Archived from the original on 31 October 2020. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  13. ^ "Travis Scott and Quavo's New Album Art Made By Famed Illustrator Ralph Steadman". Pitchfork.com. 21 December 2017. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  14. ^ Stones, Rolling (22 April 2019). "Ralph Steadman on the Joy of Drawing Gore for Broadway Play 'Gary'". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Ralph Steadman: Flying Dog Artist and First Amendment Crusader". All About Beer. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  16. ^ Townsend, Bob (13 July 2015). "Ralph Steadman and the Gonzo Art of Flying Dog Brewery". The Beer Connoisseur. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  17. ^ Brown, Elizabeth Nolan (13 May 2016). "Flying Dog Brewery Wins First Amendment Battle, Uses Proceeds to Promote Free Speech - Hit & Run". Reason.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  18. ^ "Ralph Steadman and the beer that outraged the US". The Independent. 2 April 2011. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  19. ^ "Horn Dog - Flying Dog Brewery". flyingdogbrewery.com. Archived from the original on 15 April 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  20. ^ "Cardinal Zin bottle label to the banned wine, illustrated by Ralph Steadman - Going Gonzo... - Pinterest - Ralph steadman, Zinfandel wine and Wine names". Pinterest.com. Archived from the original on 23 May 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  21. ^ "This Flying Dog label is being censored in the United Kingdom, but Flying Dog will keep shipping it". Craft Brewing Business. 9 October 2018. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  22. ^ WRAL (7 September 2021). "Brewery sues NC ABC Commission after beer label deemed 'inappropriate' :: Out and About at WRAL.com". WRAL.com. Archived from the original on 7 September 2021. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  23. ^ "Various - Miniatures (A Sequence Of Fifty-One Tiny Masterpieces Edited By Morgan-Fisher)". Discogs.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  24. ^ "Richard Harvey (2), Ralph Steadman - Plague And The Moonflower". Discogs.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  25. ^ "Ralph Steadman - I Like It". Discogs.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  26. ^ Rogue's Gallery, ANTI- Records, catalog no. 86817-2, Los Angeles & Amsterdam, 2006
  27. ^ "Various - Rogue's Gallery (Pirate Ballads, Sea Songs, & Chanteys)". Discogs.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  28. ^ "Archived copy". www.kotorimag.com. Archived from the original on 20 March 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ "Ralph Steadman - The Man Who Woke Up In The Dark/Striped Paint". Discogs.com. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  30. ^ Grey, Tobias (8 January 2021). "Illustrator Ralph Steadman Makes Splashes and Blots That Bite". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 14 June 2021. Retrieved 14 June 2021 – via www.wsj.com.
  31. ^ "For No Good Reason". Toronto International Film Festival. 2013. Archived from the original on 17 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  32. ^ ""For No Good Reason" Trailer – New Documentary on Celebrated Illustrator/Cartoonist Ralph Steadman". themoviebox.net. 16 December 2013. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  33. ^ "Helena Bonham Carter and Tim Burton to receive BFI Fellowship". BFI Press. 2012. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  34. ^ "Chelsea Arts Club secretary signs off with "lunatic" plea". London Evening Standard. 17 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
  35. ^ "The Association of Illustrators". Archived from the original on 12 July 2016.