Ramakrishna Biswas
Young, clean-shaven face of a man with round spectacles and wavy black hair looking into the camera
Martyr Ramkrishna Biswas
Born(1910-01-16)January 16, 1910
DiedAugust 4, 1931(1931-08-04) (aged 21)
Alipore Jail, Kolkata, British India
Cause of deathExecution by Hanging
MovementIndian independence
Criminal charge(s)Murder of Inspector Tarini Mukherjee
Criminal penaltySentenced to death

Ramkrishna Biswas (16 January 1910 – 4 August 1931) was a Bengali revolutionary and martyr. He was an active member of Surya Sen's revolutionary group.

Early life

Biswas was born in Saroatali, Chittagong in British India. His father's name was Durga Kripa Biswas. In 1928, Biswas came first in an entrance examination among the district, later joining the revolutionary independence movement led by Master Da Surya Sen. In 1930, he was seriously wounded while preparing bombs.[1]

Revolutionary activities and death

Surya Sen and his followers decided to assassinate one Mr. Craig, the Inspector General of Police for Chittagong. Biswas and Kalipada Chakrabarty were assigned to this task. On 1 December 1930, they went to Chandpur station, but mistakenly killed a rail inspector, Tarini Mukherjee, instead of Craig. Biswas and Chakravarty were arrested on 2 December 1930.[2] Biswas's family and friends lacked the funds required to travel to Chittagong and visit him in Alipore Jail, Kolkata. At that time, another revolutionary nationalist Pritilata Waddedar was staying in Kolkata and was asked to meet Biswas. She was successful in pretending to be his sister, in order to gain access. Biswas' martyrdom later inspired Pritilata.[3][4]

Biswas was sentenced to death after his trial. In the morning of 4 August 1931, he was executed at Alipore Central Jail.[5] His accomplice, Kalipada Chakrabarty, was transported to the Cellular Jail on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[2]


  1. ^ Vol - I, Subodh C. Sengupta & Anjali Basu (2002). Sansab Bangali Charitavidhan (Bengali). Kolkata: Sahitya Sansad. p. 480. ISBN 81-85626-65-0.
  2. ^ a b Chatterjee, Reva (2000). Netaji Subhas Bose: Bengal Revolution and Independence. Ocean Books. ISBN 978-81-87100-27-0.
  3. ^ Guha, Arun Chandra. Indias Struggle Quarter of Century 1921to1946 Part I. Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. ISBN 978-81-230-2274-1.
  4. ^ Upashana Salam. "Pritilata Waddedar: Politics of remembrance". Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  5. ^ "RAMKRISHNA BISWAS". The Straits Times. 14 August 1931. p. 5. Retrieved 2020-06-17.