Ramban district
Old Bridge over River Chenab at Ramban
Location of Ramban district in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates (Ramban (Jammu and Kashmir)): 33°14′24″N 75°14′24″E / 33.24000°N 75.24000°E / 33.24000; 75.24000Coordinates: 33°14′24″N 75°14′24″E / 33.24000°N 75.24000°E / 33.24000; 75.24000
CountryIndia
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
DivisionJammu Division
HeadquartersRamban
Tehsils
Area
 • Total1,329 km2 (513 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total283,713
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
 • Urban
4.16% [1]
Demographics
 • Literacy54.27% [2]
 • Sex ratio902
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, English, Urdu[3][4]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-19
Major highwaysNH-44
Websitehttp://ramban.gov.in

Ramban is one of the 20 districts in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Ramban is located in the lap of the Pir Panjal mountain range. It was carved out of the erstwhile Doda District on 1 April 2007.[5] Ramban town is the district headquarters. The town is located midway between Jammu and Srinagar along the Chenab river in Chenab Valley on National Highway-44, (originally National Highway 1A (India)) approximately 151 km from Jammu and Srinagar.[6]

Administration

Ramban District is divided into eight tehsils: Banihal, Ramban, Khari, Rajgarh, Batote, Gool, Pogal Paristan (Ukhral) and Ramsoo.[7]

Each tehsil has its tehsildar, who is the administrative head. The district consisted of 116 census villages and 127 revenue villages in 2001. The total number of panchayat Halqas in the district was 124.

Geography

Ramban district is 1,156 metres (3,792 feet) above sea level (on average). The boundary lines of Ramban district encompass hill station Patnitop as its southernmost point, Assar on its eastern edge, Gool to the west, and Banihal to the north. The terrain of district Ramban is tough and hilly. District Ramban shares its boundary with Reasi, Udhampur, Doda, Anantnag and Kulgam.[5]

Climate

The climate of the District varies according to altitude. The temperature rises as high as 42 °C in the low-lying areas like Ramban town located in between steep mountains on the banks of river Chenab and drops to sub-zero in the high altitude areas like Sangaldan, Gool, Dhagantop, Asthanmarg, Lalagundi, Budhan,pogal, paristan,Neel. The working season in most of the district is about eight months because of typical weather conditions in the district.

Politics

Ramban district has three assembly constituencies: Ramban, Banihal and Gool Arnas.[8]

District Development Council Ramban

In the elections in February 2021 for Ramban's District Development Council, Shamshad Begum was elected chairman and Rabiya Beigh was elected vicechairman.[9]

Demographics

Religion in Ramban district (2011)[10]

  Islam (70.68%)
  Hinduism (28.56%)
  Sikhism (0.27%)
  Christianity (0.15%)
  Other (0.11%)
  Not stated (0.25%)

Ramban district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[11]

  Dogri (10.25%)
  Bharmauri (0.96%)
  Gojri (10.80%)
  Haryanvi (0.91%)
  Hindi (1.27%)
  Pahari (9.25%)
  Kashmiri (34.74%)
  Siraji (5.94%)
  Nepali (3.64%)
  Gujari (1.38%)
  Others (20.86%)

According to the 2011 census, Ramban district has a population of 283,713.[12] roughly equal to the nation of Barbados.[13] This gives it a ranking of 573rd in India (out of a total of 640).[12] The district has a population density of 213 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) .[12] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 31.81%.[12] Ramban has a sex ratio of 902 females for every 1000 males,[12] and a literacy rate of 54.27%.[12]

Kashmiri, Pogali,Khah, Zundhari,Neeravi and Sirazi are the most widely spoken languages in the district. The other languages spoken here are Urdu, Punjabi, Dogri, and Gojri. Ramban has a Muslim majority, with Muslims constituting about 63% and Hindus constituting about 28% of the population.

Sex Ratio in Ramban District in 2011 Census.[10]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 200,516)
927
Hindu (pop 81,026)
848
Other (pop 2,171)
794
Total (pop 283,713)
902
Ramban district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[10]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 81,026 200,516 414 753 43 3 252 706 283,713
28.56% 70.68% 0.15% 0.27% 0.02% 0.00% 0.09% 0.25% 100.00%
Male 43,844 104,078 253 427 24 2 132 372 149,132
Female 37,182 96,438 161 326 19 1 120 334 134,581
Gender ratio (% female) 45.9% 48.1% 38.9% 43.3% 44.2% 33.3% 47.6% 47.3% 47.4%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
848 927 763 898 902
Urban 5,087 6,224 70 405 1 1 1 22 11,811
Rural 75,939 194,292 344 348 42 2 251 684 271,902
% Urban 6.3% 3.1% 16.9% 53.8% 2.3% 33.3% 0.4% 3.1% 4.2%
Ramban district
mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[11]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 81 0.03%
002007 Bengali 230 0.08%
004001 Dogri 29,078 10.25%
005018 Gujarati 127 0.04%
006086 Bhadrawahi 168 0.06%
006096 Bharmauri/Gaddi 2,726 0.96%
006102 Bhojpuri 17 0.01%
006125 Bundeli/Bundel khandi 138 0.05%
006173 Dhundhari 30 0.01%
006207 Gojri/Gujjari/Gujar 30,654 10.80%
006235 Haryanvi 2,586 0.91%
006240 Hindi 3,590 1.27%
006376 Magadhi/Magahi 1,030 0.36%
006439 Pahari 26,237 9.25%
006489 Rajasthani 21 0.01%
006503 Sadan/Sadri 18 0.01%
007016 Kannada 64 0.02%
008005 Kashmiri 98,570 34.74%
008018 Siraji 16,853 5.94%
008019 Dardi 83 0.03%
011016 Malayalam 86 0.03%
012003 Meitei 515 0.18%
013071 Marathi 361 0.13%
014011 Nepali 10,328 3.64%
015043 Odia 61 0.02%
016038 Punjabi 1,353 0.48%
020027 Tamil 151 0.05%
021046 Telugu 110 0.04%
022015 Urdu 791 0.28%
024001 Afghani/Kabuli/Pashto 48 0.02%
031011 Bauti 25 0.01%
053005 Gujari 3,923 1.38%
055007 Khah 68 0.02%
109005 Shina 611 0.22%
Others 52,981 18.67%
Total 283,713 100.00%

Tourist Attractions

Sanasar

Sanasar Lake
Sanasar Lake

Tourist activities Sanasar include paragliding, hot air ballooning, trekking, camping, golf, rock climbing and abseiling.[14]

Major projects

See also

References

  1. ^ Census of India 2011
  2. ^ "Ramban District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Jammu and Kashmir) - Census 2011".
  3. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b - About Ramban
  6. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts Archived 2008-09-10 at the Wayback Machine dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  7. ^ "District Profile". District Administration, Ramban. Indian Government. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  8. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  9. ^ "DDC election for chairperson: NC bags Chairman posts in Kishtwar, Ramban". Daily Excelsior. 18 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  10. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  11. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  13. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Barbados 286,705 July 2011 est.
  14. ^ "Sanasar Sightseeing, Places To Visit In Sanasar, Things To Do In Sanasar". www.holidify.com. Retrieved 18 January 2017.