Ranchi Junction
Indian Railways
Ranchi Junction station entrance at night
General information
LocationRanchi, Ranchi district, Jharkhand
Coordinates23°20′57″N 85°20′10″E / 23.34917°N 85.33611°E / 23.34917; 85.33611
Elevation629.00 metres (2,063.65 ft)
Owned bySouth Eastern Railway of the Indian Railways
Operated byIndian Railways
Line(s)Netaji S.C.Bose Gomoh–Hatia main line and Ranchi-Tori line
Platforms5 (main line), 1 (terminus) and total 6 platforms
Structure typeStandard (on-ground station)
Other information
Station codeRNC
Zone(s) South Eastern Railway
Division(s) Ranchi
Opened1908; 115 years ago (1908)
ElectrifiedDouble electrified BG (Tripling on process)
Previous namesEast Indian Railway
1,00,000 per day
Ranchi Junction is located in Jharkhand
Ranchi Junction
Ranchi Junction
Location in Jharkhand
Ranchi Junction is located in India
Ranchi Junction
Ranchi Junction
Location in India
Interactive map

Ranchi Junction railway station, station code RNC, is the A1 category railway station serving the capital city of Ranchi in the Ranchi district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Ranchi station is also the headquarters of the Ranchi division of the South Eastern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. The Ranchi Junction railway station is connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network.

Ranchi has trains running to Delhi, Kolkata, Dhanbad, Varanasi, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kamakhya, Deoghar, Bhagalpur, Jammu, Surat, Eranakulam and Patna. The city is a major railway hub and has four major stations: Ranchi Junction, Hatia, Tatisilwai and Namkon. It is one of the top hundred booking stations.


In November 1907, Ranchi was brought onto India's railway map with the Purulia–Ranchi narrow-gauge line. In 1911, it was extended up to Lohardaga.

In 2003, the Ranchi division was carved out from the existing Adra railway division of the South Eastern Railway zone.[1] As of 2012 Ranchi station is being renovated and developed in the lines of Jaipur railway station.[2] The facade of the Ranchi station has been improved in February 2012.[3] In Feb 2012 two new platforms were added to the Ranchi station along with mechanical interlocking system.[4]


There are 6 platforms in Ranchi Junction.[1] The platforms are interconnected with two foot overbridges (FOB) and an escalator.


Ranchi Junction is located close to the bus terminal and domestic airport providing transport to important destinations of Jharkhand. Automatic ticket vending machines have been installed to reduce the queue for train tickets on the station. The railway medical unit provides health facilities is located near Muri Junction. The nearest airports to Ranchi Junction are:

  1. Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
  2. Gaya Airport 179 kilometres (111 mi)
  3. Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna 420 kilometres (260 mi)
  4. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata 365 kilometres (227 mi)
  5. Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport, Durgapur 243 Kilometres (150.9 mi)
  6. Deoghar Airport, Deoghar 247 Kilometres (153.4 mi)
  7. Sonari Airport, Jamshedpur 122 Kilometres (75.8 mi)
  8. Bokaro Airport, Bokaro Steel City 105 Kilometres (65.2 mi) (Under Construction)

See also


  1. ^ a b Kiro, Santosh K. (19 October 2011). "Ranchi station on a weak platform". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Calcutta, India. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Ranchi Rly station to adopt Jaipur model". The Pioneer. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  3. ^ "ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY 2012" (PDF). South Eastern Railway Ranchi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
  4. ^ "New platforms for Ranchi station". The Telegraph. Calcutta. 2 February 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2012.