|Location||Ranchi, Ranchi district, Jharkhand|
|Elevation||629.00 metres (2,063.65 ft)|
|Owned by||South Eastern Railway of the Indian Railways|
|Operated by||Indian Railways|
|Line(s)||Netaji S.C.Bose Gomoh–Hatia main line and Ranchi-Tori line|
|Platforms||5 (main line), 1 (terminus) and total 6 platforms|
|Structure type||Standard (on-ground station)|
|Zone(s)||South Eastern Railway|
|Electrified||Double electrified BG (Tripling on process)|
|Previous names||East Indian Railway|
|1,00,000 per day|
Ranchi Junction railway station, station code RNC, is the A1 category railway station serving the capital city of Ranchi in the Ranchi district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. Ranchi station is also the headquarters of the Ranchi division of the South Eastern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. The Ranchi Junction railway station is connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network.
Ranchi has trains running to Delhi, Kolkata, Dhanbad, Varanasi, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kamakhya, Deoghar, Bhagalpur, Jammu, Surat, Eranakulam and Patna. The city is a major railway hub and has four major stations: Ranchi Junction, Hatia, Tatisilwai and Namkon. It is one of the top hundred booking stations.
In November 1907, Ranchi was brought onto India's railway map with the Purulia–Ranchi narrow-gauge line. In 1911, it was extended up to Lohardaga.
In 2003, the Ranchi division was carved out from the existing Adra railway division of the South Eastern Railway zone. As of 2012 Ranchi station is being renovated and developed in the lines of Jaipur railway station. The facade of the Ranchi station has been improved in February 2012. In Feb 2012 two new platforms were added to the Ranchi station along with mechanical interlocking system.
There are 6 platforms in Ranchi Junction. The platforms are interconnected with two foot overbridges (FOB) and an escalator.
Ranchi Junction is located close to the bus terminal and domestic airport providing transport to important destinations of Jharkhand. Automatic ticket vending machines have been installed to reduce the queue for train tickets on the station. The railway medical unit provides health facilities is located near Muri Junction. The nearest airports to Ranchi Junction are: