Commissioned officers' rank comparison chart of all land forces of NATO member states.

Officers (OF 1–10)

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Albanian Land Force[1]
ALB-Army-OF-8.svg
ALB-Army-OF-7.svg
ALB-Army-OF-6.svg
ALB-Army-OF-5.svg
ALB-Army-OF-4.svg
ALB-Army-OF-3.svg
ALB-Army-OF-2.svg
ALB-Army-OF-1b.svg
ALB-Army-OF-1a.svg
Gjeneral lejtant Gjeneral major Gjeneral brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger


 Belgian Land Component[2]
Army-BEL-OF-09.svg
Army-BEL-OF-08.svg
Army-BEL-OF-07.svg
Army-BEL-OF-06.svg
Army-BEL-OF-05.svg
Army-BEL-OF-04.svg
Army-BEL-OF-03.svg
Army-BEL-OF-02a.svg
Army-BEL-OF-02b.svg
Army-BEL-OF-01a.svg
Army-BEL-OF-01b.svg
Belgium Land Component OF(D).png
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigadegeneraal Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein-commandant Kapitein Luitenant Onderluitenant Aspirant
Général Lieutenant général Général-major Général de Brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine-commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Aspirant
General Generalleutnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Stabshauptmann Hauptmann Leutnant Unterleutnant Aspirant


 Bulgarian Land Forces[3]
Bulgaria-Army-OF-9.svg
Bulgaria-Army-OF-8.svg
Bulgaria-Army-OF-7.svg
Bulgaria-Army-OF-6.svg
Rank insignia of Полковник of the Bulgarian Army.png
Rank insignia of Подполковник of the Bulgarian Army.png
Rank insignia of Майор of the Bulgarian Army.png
Rank insignia of Капитан of the Bulgarian Army.png
Rank insignia of Старши лейтенант of the Bulgarian Army.png
Rank insignia of Лейтенант of the Bulgarian Army.png
Rank insignia of Офицерски кандидат of the Bulgarian Army.png
Генерал
General
Генерал-лейтенант
General-leytenant
Генерал-майор
General-mayor
Бригаден генерал
Brigaden general
Полковник
Polkovnik
Подполковник
Podpolkovnik
Майор
Mayor
Капитан
Kapitan
Старши лейтенант
Starshi leytenant
Лейтенант
Leytenant
Офицерски кандидат
Ofitserski kandidat


 Canadian Army[4]
Canadian Army OF-9.svg
Canadian Army OF-8.svg
Canadian Army OF-7.svg
Canadian Army OF-6.svg
Canadian Army OF-5.svg
Canadian Army OF-4.svg
Canadian Army OF-3.svg
Canadian Army OF-2.svg
Canadian Army OF-1b.svg
Canadian Army OF-1a.svg
Canadian Army OF (D).svg
General Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier-general Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet
Général Lieutenant-général Major-général Brigadier-général Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Élève-officier


 Croatian Army[5]
Army-HRV-OF-10.svg
Army-HRV-OF-09.svg
Army-HRV-OF-08.svg
Army-HRV-OF-07.svg
Army-HRV-OF-06.svg
Army-HRV-OF-05.svg
Army-HRV-OF-04.svg
Army-HRV-OF-03.svg
Army-HRV-OF-02.svg
Army-HRV-OF-01a.svg
Army-HRV-OF-01b.svg
Stožerni general General zbora General pukovnik General bojnik Brigadni general Brigadir Pukovnik Bojnik Satnik Natporučnik Poručnik


 Czech Land Forces[6]
CzArmy 2011 OF9-Armadni general shoulder.svg
CzArmy 2011 OF8-Generalporucik shoulder.svg
CzArmy 2011 OF7-Generalmajor shoulder.svg
CzArmy 2011 OF6-Brigadni general shoulder.svg
CzArmy 2011 OF5-Plukovnik shoulder.svg
Lieutenant Colonel Czech Republic Army.svg
CzArmy 2011 OF3-Major shoulder.svg
CzArmy 2011 OF2-Kapitan shoulder.svg
CzArmy 2011 OF1a-Nadporuchik shoulder.svg
CzArmy 2011 OF1b-Poruchik shoulder.svg
Armádní generál Generálporučík Generálmajor Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Royal Danish Army[7]
Denmark-Army-OF-9-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-8-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-7-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-6-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-5-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-4-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-3-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-2-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-1b-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-1a-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OF-(D)-M11.svg
Denmark-Army-OR-5a-M11.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant Sergent
(Officerselev)


 Estonian Land Forces[8]
Estonia-Army-OF-9.svg
Estonia-Army-OF-8.svg
Estonia-Army-OF-7.svg
Estonia-Army-OF-6.svg
Estonia-Army-OF-5.svg
Estonia-Army-OF-4.svg
Estonia-Army-OF-3.svg
ES-Army-OF14.svg
ES-Army-OF13.svg
ES-Army-OF1b.svg
ES-Army-OF1c.svg
Kindral Kindralleitnant Kindralmajor Brigaadikindral Kolonel Kolonelleitnant Major Kapten Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik


 French Army[9]
France-Army-OF-10 Sleeve.svg
France-Army-OF-9 Sleeve.svg
France-Army-OF-8 Sleeve.svg
France-Army-OF-7 Sleeve.svg
France-Army-OF-6 Sleeve.svg
Army-FRA-OF-05.svg
Army-FRA-OF-04.svg
Army-FRA-OF-03.svg
Army-FRA-OF-02.svg
Army-FRA-OF-01a.svg
Army-FRA-OF-01b.svg
Army-FRA-OF-01c.svg
Army-FRA-OF-00.svg
Maréchal de France Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier


 German Army[10]
HD H 64 General.svg
HD H 63 Generalleutnant.svg
HD H 62 Generalmajor.svg
HD H 61 Brigadegeneral.svg
HD H 53 Oberst i.G..svg
HD H 52 Oberstleutnant HFla.svg
HD H 51 Major FJg.svg
HD H 44 Stabshauptmann Art.svg
HD H 43 Hauptmann HAufkl.svg
HD H 42 Oberleutnant Pz.svg
HD H 41 Leutnant FschJg.svg
HD H 33a Oberfähnrich HFlg.svg
HD H 31a Fähnrich Pi.svg
HD H 21a Fahnenjunker FJg.svg
Enlisted rank plus bottom thin silver
cord indicating cadet's career
General General­leutnant General­major Brigade­general Oberst Oberst­leutnant Major Stabs­haupt­mann Haupt­mann Ober­leut­nant Leut­nant Ober­fähn­rich Fähn­rich Fahnen­junker


 Hellenic Army[11]
Army-GRE-OF-09.svg
Army-GRE-OF-08.svg
Army-GRE-OF-07.svg
Army-GRE-OF-06.svg
Army-GRE-OF-05.svg
Army-GRE-OF-04.svg
Army-GRE-OF-03.svg
Army-GRE-OF-02.svg
Army-GRE-OF-01a.svg
Army-GRE-OF-01b.svg
GR-Army-OFD.svg
Στρατηγός
Stratigos
Αντιστράτηγος
Antistratigos
Υποστράτηγος
Ypostratigos
Ταξίαρχος
Taxiarchos
Συνταγματάρχης
Syntagmatarchis
Αντισυνταγματάρχης
Antisyntagmatarchis
Ταγματάρχης
Tagmatarchis
Λοχαγός
Lochagos
Υπολοχαγός
Ypolochagos
Ανθυπολοχαγός
Anthypolochagos
Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός
Dokimos efedros aksio­matikos


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Hungarian Ground Forces[12]
Army-HUN-OF-09.svg
Army-HUN-OF-08.svg
Army-HUN-OF-07.svg
Army-HUN-OF-06.svg
Army-HUN-OF-05.svg
Rank Army Hungary OF-04.svg
Rank Army Hungary OF-03.svg
Rank Army Hungary OF-02.svg
Rank Army Hungary OF-01b.svg
Rank Army Hungary OF-01a.svg
No insignia
Vezérezredes Altábornagy Vezérőrnagy Dandártábornok Ezredes Alezredes Őrnagy Százados Főhadnagy Hadnagy Honvéd­tisztje­lölt


Iceland Iceland Crisis Response Unit
Iceland OF-5.svg
Iceland OF-4.svg
Iceland OF-3.svg
Iceland OF-2.svg
Iceland OF-1b.svg
Iceland OF-1a.svg
Ofursti Undirofursti Majór Höfuðsmaður Liðsforingi Undirliðsforingi


 Italian Army[13]
IT-Army-OF9a.svg
Rank insignia of generale di corpo d
IT-Army-OF8.svg
IT-Army-OF7.svg
IT-Army-OF6.svg
IT-Army-OF5b.svg
IT-Army-OF4.svg
IT-Army-OF3.svg
IT-Army-OF2a.svg
Rank insignia of capitano of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Rank insignia of tenete of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Rank insignia of sottotenete of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Rank insignia of allievo ufficiale of the Italian Army.svg
Generale Generale di Corpo d'Armata con Incarichi Speciali Generale di Corpo d'Armata
(Tenente Generale)
Generale di Divisione
(Maggior Generale)
Generale di Brigata
(Brigadier Generale)
Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente Allievo Ufficiale


 Latvian Land Forces[14]
LV-Army-OF8.png
LV-Army-OF7.png
LV-Army-OF6.png
LV-Army-OF5.png
LV-Army-OF4.png
LV-Army-OF3.png
LV-Army-OF2.png
LV-Army-OF1a.png
LV-Army-OF1b.png
Blank.svg
Ģenerāl­leitnants Ģenerāl­majors Brigādes ģenerālis Pulkvedis Pulkvež­leitnants Majors Kapteinis Virs­leitnants Leitnants Kadets


 Lithuanian Land Force[15]
21-Lithuania Army-LG.svg
20-Lithuania Army-MG.svg
19-Lithuania Army-BG.svg
18-Lithuania Army-COL.svg
17-Lithuania Army-LTC.svg
16-Lithuania Army-MAJ.svg
15-Lithuania Army-CPT.svg
14-Lithuania Army-1LT.svg
13-Lithuania Army-2LT.svg
SF kariūnas LKA.jpg
Generolas leitenantas Generolas majoras Brigados generolas Pulkininkas Pulkininkas leitenantas Majoras Kapitonas Vyresnysis leitenantas Leitenantas Kariūnas


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Luxembourg Army[16]
Luxembourg-Army-OF-5.svg
Luxembourg-Army-OF-4.svg
Luxembourg-Army-OF-3.svg
Luxembourg-Army-OF-2.svg
Luxembourg-Army-OF-1b.svg
Luxembourg-Army-OF-1a.svg
Luxembourg-Army-OF-(D).svg
Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine Lieutenant en premier Lieutenant Aspirant-officier


 Montenegrin Ground Army[17]
19-Montenegro Army-GEN.svg
18-Montenegro Army-LG.svg
17-Montenegro Army-MG.svg
16-Montenegro Army-BG.svg
15-Montenegro Army-COL.svg
14-Montenegro Army-LTC.svg
13-Montenegro Army-MAJ.svg
12-Montenegro Army-CPT.svg
11-Montenegro Army-1LT.svg
10-Montenegro Army-2LT.svg
General pukovnik General potpukovnik General major Brigadir general Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik


North Macedonian Ground Forces[18]
18-APM-GEN.svg
17-APM-LG.svg
16-APM-MG.svg
15-APM-BG.svg
14-APM-COL.svg
13-APM-LTC.svg
12-APM-MAJ.svg
11-APM-CPT.svg
10-APM-1LT.svg
09-APM-2LT.svg
Генерал
General
Генерал потполковник
General potpolkovnik
Генерал мајор
General major
Бригаден генерал
Brigaden general
Полковник
Polkovnik
Потполковник
Potpolkovnik
Мајор
Major
Капетан
Kapetan
Поручник
Poručnik
Потпоручник
Potporučnik


 Royal Netherlands Army[19]
Netherlands-Army-OF-9.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-8.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-7.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-6.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-5.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-4.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-3.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-2.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-1b.svg
Netherlands-Army-OF-1a.svg
Nl-landmacht-vaandrig.svg
Enlisted or NCO rank plus Royal Military Academy
logo indicating cadet's career
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigadegeneraal Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein/
Ritmeester
1e Luitenant 2e Luitenant Vaandrig/
Kornet


 Norwegian Army[20]
Norway-army-OF-9.svg
Norway-army-OF-8.svg
Norway-army-OF-7.svg
Norway-army-OF-6.svg
Norway-army-OF-5.svg
Norway-army-OF-4.svg
Norway-army-OF-3.svg
Norway-army-OF-2.svg
Norway-army-OF-1b.svg
Norway-army-OF-1a.svg
Blank.svg
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik Kadett


 Polish Land Forces[21]
Army-POL-OF-10.svg
Army-POL-OF-09.svg
Army-POL-OF-08.svg
Army-POL-OF-07.svg
Army-POL-OF-06.svg
Army-POL-OF-05.svg
Army-POL-OF-04.svg
Army-POL-OF-03.svg
Army-POL-OF-02.svg
Army-POL-OF-01a.svg
Army-POL-OF-01b.svg
Various
Marszałek Polski Generał Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan Porucznik Podporucznik Podchorąży


 Portuguese Army[22]
Army-POR-OF-10.svg
Army-POR-OF-09.svg
Army-POR-OF-08.svg
Army-POR-OF-07.svg
Army-POR-OF-06.svg
Army-POR-OF-05a.svg
Army-POR-OF-05b.svg
Army-POR-OF-04.svg
Army-POR-OF-03.svg
Army-POR-OF-02.svg
Army-POR-OF-01a.svg
Army-POR-OF-01b.svg
Army-POR-OF-00a.svg
Army-POR-OF-00b.svg
Marechal do exército General Tenente-general Major-general Brigadeiro-general Coronel-tirocinado
[a]
Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-oficial Cadete


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Romanian Land Forces[23]
Romania-Army-OF-10.svg
Romania-Army-OF-9.svg
Romania-Army-OF-8.svg
Romania-Army-OF-7.svg
Romania-Army-OF-6.svg
Romania-Army-OF-5.svg
Romania-Army-OF-4.svg
Romania-Army-OF-3.svg
Romania-Army-OF-2.svg
Romania-Army-OF-1b.svg
Romania-Army-OF-1a.svg
Mareșal General General-locotenent General-maior General de brigadă Colonel Locotenent-colonel Maior Căpitan Locotenent Sublocotenent


 Slovak Ground Forces[24]
Army-SVK-OF-09.svg
Army-SVK-OF-08.svg
Army-SVK-OF-07.svg
Army-SVK-OF-06.svg
Army-SVK-OF-05.svg
Army-SVK-OF-04.svg
Army-SVK-OF-03.svg
Army-SVK-OF-02.svg
Army-SVK-OF-01a.svg
Army-SVK-OF-01b.svg
Generál Generálporučík[b] Generálmajor Brigádny generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík


 Slovenian Ground Force[25]
21-Slovenian Army-GEN.svg
20-Slovenian Army-LG.svg
19-Slovenian Army-MG.svg
18-Slovenian Army-BG.svg
17-Slovenian Army-COL.svg
16-Slovenian Army-LTC.svg
15-Slovenian Army-MAJ.svg
14-Slovenian Army-CPT.svg
13-Slovenian Army-1LT.svg
12-Slovenian Army-2LT.svg
General Generalpodpolkovnik Generalmajor Brigadir Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Major Stotnik Nadporočnik Poročnik


 Spanish Army[26]
Capitán General
General de Ejército
Teniente General
General de División
General de Brigada
Coronel
Teniente Coronel
Comandante
Capitán
Teniente
Alférez
Alférez
13eje.png
12ej.png
13ej.png
Capitán general General de ejército Teniente general General de división General de brigada Coronel Teniente coronel Comandante Capitán Teniente Alférez Caballero alférez cadete Alumno repetidor Alumno 2º Alumno 1º


 Turkish Land Forces[27]
Turkey-army-OF-10.svg
Turkey-army-OF-9.svg
Turkey-army-OF-9a.svg
Turkey-army-OF-8.svg
Turkey-army-OF-7.svg
Turkey-army-OF-6.svg
Turkey-army-OF-5.svg
Turkey-army-OF-4.svg
Turkey-army-OF-3.svg
Turkey-army-OF-2.svg
Turkey-army-OF-1.svg
Turkey-army-OF-1b.svg
Turkey-army-OF-0.svg
Various
[c]
Mareşal Genelkurmay başkanı Orgeneral Korgeneral Tümgeneral Tuğgeneral Albay Yarbay Binbaşı Yüzbaşı Üsteğmen Teğmen Asteğmen Harbiyeli


 British Army[28]
Field marshal
General
Lieutenant-general
Major-general
Brigadier
Colonel
Lieutenant-colonel
Major
Captain
Lieutenant
Second lieutenant
Officer cadet
Field marshal General Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


 United States Army[29]
General of the Army
General
Lieutenant general
Major general
Brigadier general
Colonel
Lieutenant colonel
Major
Captain
First lieutenant
Second lieutenant
Various
General of the Army General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Cadet / Officer candidate


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Warrant officers (WO1–5)

Warrant officers (WOs) and chief warrant officers (CWOs) in the US military rank below officers but above officer candidates and enlisted servicemen. The first warrant officer rank, WO1 does not have a "commission" associated with it, instead having a "warrant" from the secretary of the army. Warrant officers are allowed the same courtesies as a commissioned officer, but may have some restrictions on their duties that are reserved for commissioned officers. Warrant officers usually receive a commission once they are promoted to chief warrant officer 2 (CW2/CWO2). WO1s may be appointed by commission as stated in title 10 USC.

NATO rank WO-5 WO-4 WO-3 WO-2 WO-1
 United States Army
US-Army-CW5.svg
US-Army-CW4.svg
US-Army-CW3.svg
US-Army-CW2.svg
US-Army-WO1.svg
Chief warrant officer 5 Chief warrant officer 4 Chief warrant officer 3 Chief warrant officer 2 Warrant officer 1

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Colonel who has completed the General Officer training course. Between 1929 and 1937, the Coronel-tirocinado was called Brigadeiro.
  2. ^ The appropriate branch of service badge is pinned just under the top button of the for all ranks excluding full General.
  3. ^ Student officer insignia designates school grade rather than military seniority.

References

  1. ^ "GRADAT, FORCA TOKËSORE" (PDF). aaf.mil.al (in Albanian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  2. ^ "IPR Landcomponent". mil.be (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 17 February 2005. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  3. ^ "ЗАКОН ЗА ОТБРАНАТА И ВЪОРЪЖЕНИТЕ СИЛИ НА РЕПУБЛИКА БЪЛГАРИЯ". lex.bg (in Bulgarian). Глава седма. ВОЕННА СЛУЖБА. 12 May 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Ranks and appointment". canada.ca. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Oznake činova". osrh.hr (in Croatian). Republic of Croatia Armed Forces. 1 April 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Ranks". army.cz. Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Hærens Gradstegn" (PDF). forsvaret.dk (in Danish). Danish Defence. 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Sümboolika: Maaväe Auastmed". mil.ee (in Estonian). Estonian Defence Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  9. ^ Instruction N° 10300/DEF/EMAT/LOG/ASH (PDF) (in French). Staff of the French Army. 13 June 2005. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Dienstgradabzeichen Heer". bundeswehr.de (in German). Bundeswehr. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Επωμίδες Φ/Π Στολών" [Shoulders for PV Uniforms]. army.gr (in Greek). Hellenic Army. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  12. ^ Andrea, Kánya (6 May 2009). "A gallér és az ötágú csillag". honvedelem.hu (in Hungarian). Hungarian Defence Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  13. ^ "i gradi dell'Esercito Italiano - distintivi di incarico e funzionali" (PDF). esercito.difesa.it (in Italian). Italian Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Pakāpju iedalījums". mil.lv/lv (in Latvian). Latvian National Armed Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Karių laipsnių ženklai". kariuomene.kam.lt (in Lithuanian). Ministry of National Defence (Lithuania). Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  16. ^ "Grades". Armee.lu. Luxembourg Army. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  17. ^ "IV. Izgled Činova u Vojsci". Official Gazette of Montenegro (in Montenegrin). 50/10: 22–28. 16 August 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  18. ^ "УРЕДБА ЗА ОЗНАКИТЕ ЗА УНИФОРМИТЕ НА АРМИЈАТА НА РЕПУБЛИКА СЕВЕРНА МАКЕДОНИЈА" [Regulation on the Markings for the Uniforms of the Army of the Republic Northern of Macedonia]. dejure.mk (in Macedonian). 12 November 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  19. ^ "De rangonderscheidingstekens van de krijgsmacht" (PDF) (in Dutch). Ministry of Defence (Netherlands). 19 December 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  20. ^ "Militære grader". forsvaret.no (in Norwegian). Norwegian Armed Forces. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Sposób noszenia odznak stopni wojskowych na umundurowaniu wojsk Lądowych i sił Powietrznych" (PDF). wojsko-polskie.pl (in Polish). Armed Forces Support Inspectorate. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
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