Ransom County
Ransom County Courthouse
Map of North Dakota highlighting Ransom County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°28′N 97°40′W / 46.46°N 97.66°W / 46.46; -97.66
Country United States
State North Dakota
FoundedJanuary 4, 1873 (created)
April 4, 1881 (organized)
Named forFort Ransom
SeatLisbon
Largest cityLisbon
Area
 • Total864 sq mi (2,240 km2)
 • Land862 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Water1.4 sq mi (4 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,703
 • Estimate 
(2021)
5,675
 • Density6.6/sq mi (2.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.ransomcountynd.com

Ransom County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 5,703.[1] Its county seat is Lisbon.[2]

History

The Dakota Territory legislature created Ransom County on January 4, 1873. It was so named due to its military fort, which had been named Fort Ransom for Civil War veteran Major General Thomas E.G. Ransom. The fort had operated between 1867 and 1872. The county was not organized at that time, nor was it attached to another county for administrative or judicial purposes. Its proposed boundaries were altered two times during 1881. On April 4, 1881, the county government was effected. The county's area was again reduced in 1883 when Sargent County was created. Ransom County has retained its present configuration since that time.[3][4]

Outline map of Ransom County, North Dakota, 1910
Outline map of Ransom County, North Dakota, 1910

Geography

The Sheyenne River meanders through Ransom County. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds in its western part. The area is largely devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the east and south; its highest point is on the north boundary line near its northwestern corner, at 1,421' (433m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 864 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 862 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.[7]

Soils of Ransom County
Soils of Ransom County

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

Lakes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880537
18905,393904.3%
19006,91928.3%
191010,34549.5%
192011,61812.3%
193010,983−5.5%
194010,061−8.4%
19508,876−11.8%
19608,078−9.0%
19707,102−12.1%
19806,698−5.7%
19905,921−11.6%
20005,890−0.5%
20105,457−7.4%
20205,7034.5%
2021 (est.)5,675−0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 5,890 people, 2,350 households, and 1,560 families in the county. The population density was 6.83/sqmi (2.64/km2). There were 2,604 housing units at an average density of 3.02/sqmi (1.17/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.93% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.5% were of German and 34.9% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 2,350 households, out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 5.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 30.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.

The county population contained 25.00% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 21.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 106.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,672, and the median income for a family was $44,865. Males had a median income of $35,023 versus $18,772 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,219. About 6.30% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 5,457 people, 2,310 households, and 1,466 families in the county.[13] The population density was 6.33/sqmi (2.44/km2). There were 2,656 housing units at an average density of 3.08/sqmi (1.19/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 97.8% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 54.2% were German, 36.6% were Norwegian, 9.0% were Irish, 6.9% were Swedish, 5.1% were English, and 1.6% were American.[15]

Of the 2,310 households, 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families, and 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 45.2 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,044 and the median income for a family was $59,973. Males had a median income of $42,380 versus $28,209 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,995. About 7.5% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Townships

Politics

Ransom County is a swing county in presidential elections, having voted for both parties an equal number of times since 1980. It voted for the Democrat in the 2000 and 2012 gubernatorial elections, and for the Republican in 2004, 2008, and 2016.

Ransom County is one of the most Democratic counties in North Dakota. In the 2018 election for U.S. Senate, it gave Heidi Heitkamp her 4th-highest total (60.6%), behind only Sioux, Rolette, and Benson counties.

United States presidential election results for Ransom County, North Dakota[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,418 57.78% 945 38.51% 91 3.71%
2016 1,210 51.29% 838 35.52% 311 13.18%
2012 1,009 41.61% 1,343 55.38% 73 3.01%
2008 998 41.02% 1,371 56.35% 64 2.63%
2004 1,352 51.96% 1,199 46.08% 51 1.96%
2000 1,488 54.73% 1,080 39.72% 151 5.55%
1996 920 37.78% 1,199 49.24% 316 12.98%
1992 1,102 37.96% 1,166 40.17% 635 21.87%
1988 1,362 47.66% 1,459 51.05% 37 1.29%
1984 1,706 57.38% 1,222 41.10% 45 1.51%
1980 1,883 59.93% 974 31.00% 285 9.07%
1976 1,696 49.07% 1,715 49.62% 45 1.30%
1972 2,056 59.85% 1,355 39.45% 24 0.70%
1968 1,943 57.43% 1,286 38.01% 154 4.55%
1964 1,647 44.31% 2,063 55.50% 7 0.19%
1960 2,324 56.26% 1,806 43.72% 1 0.02%
1956 2,361 56.56% 1,808 43.32% 5 0.12%
1952 3,051 70.19% 1,265 29.10% 31 0.71%
1948 1,772 50.85% 1,595 45.77% 118 3.39%
1944 2,044 55.06% 1,639 44.15% 29 0.78%
1940 2,579 56.20% 1,986 43.28% 24 0.52%
1936 1,303 30.32% 2,385 55.49% 610 14.19%
1932 1,445 31.67% 3,025 66.29% 93 2.04%
1928 2,613 63.04% 1,505 36.31% 27 0.65%
1924 1,862 45.59% 303 7.42% 1,919 46.99%
1920 3,010 77.30% 802 20.60% 82 2.11%
1916 1,093 47.81% 1,121 49.04% 72 3.15%
1912 495 31.21% 490 30.90% 601 37.89%
1908 1,308 67.53% 581 29.99% 48 2.48%
1904 1,257 79.66% 253 16.03% 68 4.31%
1900 924 62.77% 499 33.90% 49 3.33%


Education

School districts include:

In 1905 it had 22 school districts, with 16 not having a bond. Circa 1905 the county had 2,431 students in its three high schools, five grade schools, and 75 schoolhouses.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Ransom County, North Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "County History". North Dakota.gov. The State of North Dakota. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Ransom County ND Google Maps (accessed February 25, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Ransom County ND" Google Maps (accessed February 25, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d What to do
  9. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  18. ^ "Ransom County, N. Dakota Its Educational Advantages". The Minneapolis Journal. Minneapolis, Minnesota. March 18, 1905. p. 3. - Clipping from Newspapers.com.

Coordinates: 46°28′N 97°40′W / 46.46°N 97.66°W / 46.46; -97.66