This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Estonian. (August 2010) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Estonian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Estonian Wikipedia article at [[:et:Rapla]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|et|Rapla)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Bridges over Vigala River. Rapla church in the background and monument to Brigadier General Märt Tiru on right.
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 58°59′40″N 24°48′04″E / 58.99444°N 24.80111°E / 58.99444; 24.80111Coordinates: 58°59′40″N 24°48′04″E / 58.99444°N 24.80111°E / 58.99444; 24.80111
Country Estonia
Rapla County
Rapla Parish
67 m (220 ft)
 • Total5,132
 • Rank22nd
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)(+372) 048
Vehicle registrationL
Drone video of Rapla and its octagonal KEK house in Estonia 2021
Drone video of Rapla and its octagonal KEK house in Estonia 2021

Rapla (German: Rappel) is a town in central Estonia, the capital of Rapla County and the centre of Rapla Parish. The oldest records date back to 1241 in the Danish Census Book, when it was said that it was a small village with 8 acres of cultivated fields. By the end of the 13th century, the village centre was firmly established. At around the same time, a Cistercian monastery was built.

Rapla's ambitious period of fast growth began only in the late 19th century. In 1866, a pharmacy was built, in 1868 a school, and in 1888 a hospital. In 1898, a Brick factory was opened, and in 1900, a railway line was built between Rapla and Viljandi. The old stone church was demolished in the late 19th century and a new one was built in a Romanesque style, one of the purest examples of this style in all of Estonia.[2]

In 1913, Rapla consisted of around 20 stone and 60 wooden houses. During this time period, a number of social societies were established, such as the Volunteer Fire Company, the Song and Music Society, the Society of Agriculture, a Mutual Fire Insurance Company, a Consumer Association, and the Deposit Insurance Fund.

It has a railway station on the TallinnViljandi railway line operated by Elron. In 1931, a narrow gauge railway from Rapla to Virtsu opened and remained in use until 1968.


See also


  1. ^ Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January. Statistics Estonia.
  2. ^ "Rapla Maarja-Magdaleena Church, Estonia".

Media related to Rapla at Wikimedia Commons