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Rasool Bux Palijo
رسول بخش پليجو
Rasool Bux Paleejo.jpg
Rasul Bux Palijo, Qaumi Awami Tahreek leader, during the ceremony inaugration.
President of the Qaumi Awami Tahreek
In office
Preceded byoffice established
Succeeded byAyaz Latif Palijo
Personal details
Born(1930-02-21)21 February 1930
Jungshahi, British India
Died7 June 2018(2018-06-07) (aged 88)[1]
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Resting placeJungshahi, Sindh, Pakistan
Political partyAwami Tahreek
SpouseZarina Baloch
ChildrenAyaz Latif Palijo
Residence(s)Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan
Alma materSindh Madrasatul Islam
Sindh Muslim Law College
OccupationPolitician, Lawyer, Writer, Scholar, Poet

Rasool Bux Palijo (Sindhi: رسول بخش پليجو, Urdu: رسول بکس پليجو; 21 February 1930[2] – 7 June 2018) was a Pakistani leftist, Marxist leader from Sindh, scholar and writer. He was a human-rights lawyer and the leader and founder of Awami Tahreek, a progressive and leftist party.[3]

Early life

Rasool Bux Palijo was born in the village Mungar Khan Palijo, Jungshahi, Sindh on 21 February 1930, to Ali Mohammad Palijo and Laadee Bai.[4] He received his early education at his village and the secondary education at Sindh Madressatul Islam in Karachi. Palijo did his law graduation from Sindh Law College Karachi. He was fluent in Sindhi, Urdu, and English, and later became conversant in Hindi, Arabic, Balochi, Bengali, Punjabi and Persian.[5]

Political work

A prolific writer and scholar, Palijo served as a Supreme Court lawyer.[6] He was jailed under political charges for more than 11 years especially during the Movement for Restoration of Democracy (MRD) in Pakistan. Most of his prisoner life, he was kept on Kot Lakhpat jail, Punjab during 1980. He declared as "Prisoner of Conscience" by Amnesty International in 1981.[7]

Palijo has earned a place in the pantheon of leaders from South Asia who earned everlasting fame in the struggle against feudalism, martial laws, colonialism, and imperialism.[citation needed] He was one of the leading founders of the Awami National Party, Sindh Mutahida Muhaz, Sindh Qaumi Ittehad, Bazm-e-Sofia-e Sindh, PONM, Sindhi Adabi Sangat, MRD, Anti One-Unit Movement, and 4 March Movement.[citation needed] He founded Awami Tahreek, Sindhi Haree Committee, Sindhiani Tahreek, Sindhi Shagird Tahreek, Sindhi Haree Tahreek, Pakistan Awami Jamhoori Ittehad, Pakistan Awami Tehreek, Sindhi Mazdoor Tahreek, Sindh Intellectual Forum, Sindhi Awam Jo Qomi Itehad, Sindhi Girls Students Organization, Sujaag Bar Tahreek, Sindh Water Committee, 1940 Pakistan Resolution Implementation Committee Awami Jamhoori Tahreek and Anti Greater Thal Canal and Kalabagh Dam Action Committee.[citation needed]

He also launched Neelam Band Karyo and Voter Listoon Sindhi men Chapayo Tahreek. Palijo was one of the leading figures behind the Movement For Restoration of Democracy (MRD).[citation needed] He and his party Awami Tahreek played an active role against illegal Army Operation in Bangladesh and Balochistan and in the Movement of Journalists against General Zia-ul-Haq and in Bhutto Bachayo Tahreek. He was one of the outstanding speakers of Sub-continent, top Constitutional and Criminal Lawyers of Pakistan and the first Sindhi and South Asian Politician who launched and organized the movement against Kalabagh Dam, Violence in Educational Institutions, and against Urban Based Organized Terrorism.[citation needed] He introduced a new non-violent trend of democratic struggles in Sindh by way of Long Marches.[citation needed] He is the author of more than 40 books on numerous subjects, ranging from literature to politics, prison diaries, culture, and poetry, etc. He became the first political prisoner who remained the longest term in jail under political charges for more than 11 years and was declared as Prisoner of Conscience by Amnesty International in 1981. Few months before his release from Jail, his party celebrated his birthday on 21 January, then he went to London on invitation of Amnesty International for his treatment.[8]

In 2015 he split up from his son Ayaz Latif Palijo's Qaumi Awami Tehreek (QAT) and revived Awami Tehreek - the QAT's parent party.[9]

Personal life

He became well-versed in literature by reading Kant, Hegel, Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, Mao Zedong, Mohandas Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He was an outspoken critic of the feudal system and bureaucrats.[10]

He was married four times.

He has six children from his first wife: 1) Jameel Ahmed, 2) Saleem Akhtar, 3) Masood Anwar, 4) Shehnaz (Adi Pado), 5) Ghulam Hyder, and 6) Noor Nabi. Two children from his second wife: 1) Zafar Palijo, 2) Fakhra Qalbani. Later on, He was married to Sindhi singer, activist, and author Zarina Baloch until her death on 25 October 2006. The union yielded a son Ayaz Latif Palijo.[11] Lastly, He was married to an educationist and writer of the Sindhi language, Naseem Thebo. The union yielded two children: 1) Tania Palijo, 2) Anita Aijaz


On 7 June 2018, he died at a hospital in Karachi.[12][13] Prior to his death, he was hospitalised for a long time for cardiac and respiratory complications.[14] On 8 June 2018, he was laid to rest in his native village, Mungar Khan Palijo, in Thatta district.[15][16]


Described as "the author of more than forty books on numerous subjects, ranging from literature to politics, prison dairies, philosophy, culture and poetry",[17] his bibliography includes:[18]



See also


  1. ^ "Rasool Bux Palijo's birth anniversary today". Dawn. Pakistan. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Awami Tehreek's Rasool Bux Palijo turns 82". 22 February 2012.
  3. ^ Ali, Z. (23 February 2012). "Awami Tehreek's Rasool Bux Palijo turns 82". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Rasool Bakhsh Palejo". 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  5. ^ PPI (8 June 2018), "Veteran politician Rasool Bux Palijo laid to rest", PakistanToday. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  6. ^ Report, Bureau (11 May 2005). "HYDERABAD: Injustice in judicial appointments alleged". Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Pakistan President Zia-ui-Haq finds himself dangerously isolated from his countrymen". India Today. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Rasool Bux Palijo". Pakistan Times. 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  9. ^ Z, Ali (2 October 2016). "Rasool Bux Palijo parts ways with son-led party". Express Tribune. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Imperialism behind terror: Palijo". 23 September 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  11. ^ "Folk singer Zarina Baloch passes away". Archived from the original on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 21 March 2007.
  12. ^ "Veteran politician Rasool Bux Palijo passes away". 7 June 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  13. ^ Raza, Mohammad (7 June 2018). "Awami Tehreek founder Rasool Bux Palijo passes away in Karachi". Dawn. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  14. ^ Ali, Z (7 June 2018). "Veteran politician Rasool Bux Palijo passes away in Karachi". Express Tribune. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  15. ^ Ali, Z (8 June 2018). "Nationalist icon Rasool Bux Palijo laid to rest in ancestral village". Express Tribune. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Rasul Bux Palijo laid to rest". Daily Times. 8 June 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  17. ^ Web Desk (7 June 2018), "Veteran politician Rasool Bux Palijo passes away", Ary News. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  18. ^ Profile on WorldCat