Ravi B. Grover
Born (1949-02-17) 17 February 1949 (age 73)
Alma materDelhi College of Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
Known forIndian Nuclear Program
Scientific career
FieldsMechanical Engineering, Nuclear Engineering
InstitutionsBhabha Atomic Research Centre
Department of Atomic Energy
Homi Bhabha National Institute

Ravi B. Grover is an Indian nuclear scientist and a mechanical engineer. He is the founding vice-chancellor (during initial years he was designated as director equivalent to vice-chancellor) of the Homi Bhabha National Institute, a member of the Atomic Energy Commission,[1] chairman of the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, a fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering,[2] and World Academy of Art and Science.[3] He was the president of the Indian Society of Heat and Mass Transfer for the period 2010–2013. He has been awarded Padma Shri by the Government of India in the year 2014.

He retired from his previous position as Principal Adviser, Strategic Planning Group, Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), in February 2013. Following retirement, he was appointed to DAE's Homi Bhabha Chair for a period of five years. Concurrently with his position in the DAE, he conceptualized the setting up of Homi Bhabha National Institute and led it from 2005 to 2016. Presently he is Emeritus Professor, Homi Bhabha National Institute. His prior positions include Director of the Knowledge Management Group and Associate Director, Technical Coordination & International Relations Group at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).[4] He represented BARC training school in the World Nuclear University in 2003.

Education and academic career

Ravi B. Grover completed his bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from the prestigious Delhi College of Engineering in 1970 and joined the staff of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. He completed a PhD in mechanical engineering from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, in 1982.

He was awarded Dhirubhai Ambani Oration Award by Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers in 2008, Distinguished Alumnus Award by Delhi College of Engineering Alumni Association in 2009,[5] Distinguished Alumnus Award by Indian Institute of Science and Indian Institute of Science Alumni Association in 2011.[6] In 2016, Delhi college of Engineering Alumni Association bestowed him with a Lifetime Achievement Award.

During the first 25 years of his career, Dr. Grover worked as a nuclear engineer and specialized in thermal hydraulics. He worked on fluid to fluid modeling techniques for two-phase flows, reactor fuel and core thermal hydraulics, safety analysis, and process design of reactor systems and equipment. Post-1996, he took up managerial responsibilities including technology transfer, human resource development, and extramural funding.

On 15 January 2013, the Prime Minister of India conferred on him the Lifetime Achievement Award for the year 2011 for his outstanding contributions in the field of nuclear engineering, towards the national initiative to open international civil nuclear trade, further development of the framework for the governance of nuclear power and human resource development. The citation for the award stated, "During a career spanning four decades, Dr. Grover has distinguished himself as an academic, research and development engineer and a science administrator. His knowledge of nuclear engineering and nuclear law has earned him the title 'nuclear diplomat'." Citation says, " He played maximum role in all steps taken by the Government of India towards opening international civil nuclear trade." Citation also acknowledges his role during negotiations in 2005 aimed at India joining ITER and he has been leading the Indian delegation to ITER Council since its inception.[7]

In 2014, he was conferred India's fourth-highest civilian award, the Padma Shri. In 2016, the Delhi College of Engineering Alumni Association presented him with a lifetime achievement award for his continued high-level involvement in professional activities.

Support for Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy

Ravi Grover is well known in India as a proponent of nuclear energy as can be seen from his publications related to nuclear energy. He is an editor of the International Journal of Nuclear Knowledge Management.[8]

Dr. Grover along with his colleagues formulated a scenario for the growth of electricity demand in India by taking into consideration economic growth, population growth, and improvement in energy intensity of GDP and formulating a possible supply mix considering India's fuel resource base to delineate niche area for nuclear energy. This was the first such long-term forecast of electricity demand in India and firmly established the role of nuclear energy in India's electricity mix.[9] Based on a very simple logic, in an article published in The Hindu, he explains why India needs nuclear energy.[10] He has been writing in media about issues related to India's electricity needs and has been highlighting the importance of nuclear energy.[11][12][13][14] He firmly believes that only a diverse energy mix comprising all low-carbon technologies, that is hydro, nuclear, solar, and wind, should be exploited and provided with a level playing field.[15]

He has worked on details of India's regime on civil liability for nuclear damage and is credited with explaining fine detail regarding Supplier's liability.[16]

Role in the Indo-US nuclear negotiations

Ravi Grover is one half of the Kakodkar-Grover duo who are chiefly responsible for the success of the Indo-US negotiations that culminated in the 123 agreement signed in July 2007.[17] Anil Kakodkar and Ravi Grover were the technical advisors to India's politicians in the tense negotiations that led to the Indo-US nuclear agreement, a culmination of two years of painstaking negotiations.[18][19][20]

Quoted from Frontline magazine, Volume 24 – Issue 16 :: 11–24 Aug. 2007:[21]

Officials of the DAE called it “a fantastic team effort” and complimented the crucial, but low-key, role of Ravi B. Grover, Director of the DAE’s Strategic Planning Group. According to the DAE, Grover, who is also Director of the Knowledge Management Group of BARC, stood like a rock against the onslaught of American demands. While the core negotiating team comprised officials of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), India’s High Commissioner to Singapore S. Jaishankar, Joint Secretary (Americas) Gayatri Kumar and Grover, National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan and Foreign Secretary Shivshankar Menon stepped into the picture when the negotiations reached a decisive stage. In the final round in Washington in July, AEC chairman and DAE Secretary Anil Kakodkar was available for consultations, although he did not participate directly in the negotiations.

Shivshankar Menon has described nuclear scientist Ravi Grover and the diplomat S Jaishankar as "the sources of ideas and details" for the civil nuclear initiative with the United States.[22] Ravi Grover has written in detail about the initiative to open civil nuclear cooperation.[23]

Setting up of Homi Bhabha National Institute

Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI) was accredited as a deemed to be university in 2005 and Ravi Grover was its first Director. He played a lead role in setting up the Institute. To comply with the new regulations, his title was changed to Vice-Chancellor. He was head of HBNI from 2005 until February 2016 and has brought it to the stage of one of the leading research universities in India.[24] Ravi Grover has written a brief history of the Institute in an article published by him on the website of the Indian National Academy of Engineering.[25] To explain the rationale for setting up the Institute, he wrote in detail on the relationship between science and technology in an article [26] which has been widely read and then wrote about setting up of the Institute in Current Science (10 October 2019).[27]

See also


  1. ^ [https://dae.gov.in/node/394 ))
  2. ^ "Archived copy". www.inae.in. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Main News
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://dae.nic.in/writereaddata/all-citations_1.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  8. ^ Nuclear Knowledge Management
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2013.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ The Hindu, 31 August 2017.
  11. ^ Economic Times, 15 July 2017.
  12. ^ The Hindu, 03 October 2017.
  13. ^ The Hindu, 23 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Optimistic about the place of nuclear energy in future power matrix of India", an email interview given to Nuclear Asia, 20 August 2017.
  15. ^ Economic & Political Weekly, Sept 25, 2021, LVI No 39 29-35.
  16. ^ Progress in Nuclear Energy 101(2017) 168-175.
  17. ^ The Telegraph – Calcutta : Opinion
  18. ^ India and the US script nuclear deal- Hindustan Times Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ 123 countdown to India-US nuclear deal- Hindustan Times Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Big deal: Both sides happy-India-The Times of India
  21. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/fline/stories/20070824501401800.htm[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Choices: Inside the making of India's Foreign Policy, by Shivshankar Menon, page 78, Penguin Books, 2016.
  23. ^ Progress in Nuclear Energy 101(2017) 161-167.
  24. ^ Sadhana, Vol. 38, Part 5, October 2013, pp 1051-1064
  25. ^ "Setting up of Homi Bhabha National Institute" (PDF). Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  26. ^ Indian Journal of History of Science, 54.1 (2019) 50-68
  27. ^ "Integrating the function of a university to a work-place to promote post-academic research" (PDF). Retrieved 26 October 2019.