.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Spanish. (December 2019) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Spanish Wikipedia article at [[:es:Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|es|Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Formation1752; 272 years ago (1752)
TypeLearned society, fine arts academy, art museum
Legal statuspublic law corporation
HeadquartersPalacio de Goyeneche [es]
Coordinates40°25′4.1″N 3°42′2.5″W / 40.417806°N 3.700694°W / 40.417806; -3.700694
AffiliationsInstituto de España [es]

The Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (RABASF; transl. 'Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando'), located on the Calle de Alcalá in the centre of Madrid, currently functions as a museum and gallery. A public law corporation, it is integrated together with other Spanish royal academies in the Instituto de España [es].[1]


The academy was established by royal decree in 1752. About twenty years later, the enlightened monarch Charles III purchased a palace in Madrid as the academy's new home. The building had been designed by José Benito de Churriguera for the Goyeneche family. The king commissioned Diego de Villanueva to convert the building for academic use, employing a neoclassical style[2] in place of Churriguera's baroque design.

The academy is also the headquarters of the Madrid Academy of Art.

Notable alumni

Further information: Category:Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando alumni

The first graduate of the academy was Bárbara María Hueva.[3] Francisco Goya was once one of the academy's directors. Its alumni include Felip Pedrell, Pablo Picasso, Kiko Argüello, Remedios Varo, Salvador Dalí, Antonio López García, Juan Luna, Fernando Amorsolo, Oscar de la Renta, Francesc Daniel Molina i Casamajó, Ricardo Macarrón,[4] Alicia Iturrioz,[5] Fernando Botero.,[6][7] and Melecio Figueroa.

Notable academics


Doubling as a museum and gallery, today it houses a fine art collection of paintings from the 15th to 20th centuries: Hans Müelich, Arcimboldo, Giovanni Bellini, Juan de Juanes, Antonio Allegri da Correggio, Luis de Morales, Martin de Vos, Marinus van Reymerswaele, Otto Van Veen, Leandro Bassano, il Cavaliere d'Arpino, Guido Reni, Rubens, Domenichino, Jan Janssens, Giovanni Battista Beinaschi, Bartolomeo Cavarozzi, Daniel Seghers, José de Ribera, Andrea Vaccaro, Jacob Jordaens, Pieter Boel, Claudio Coello, Juan Van der Hamen y León, Van Dyck, Pieter Claesz, Antonio de Pereda, Diego Velázquez, Margherita Caffi, Carreño de Miranda, Paul de Vos, Alonso Cano, Zurbarán, Murillo, Francesco Battaglioli, Jean Ranc, Jacopo Amigoni, Agostino Masucci, Fragonard, Corrado Giaquinto, Domenico Tiepolo, Alessandro Magnasco, Pompeo Battoni, Antonio Joli, Luis Paret y Alcázar, Mengs, Goya, Giuseppe Pirovani (one rare Portrait of George Washington), Joaquín Sorolla, Ignacio Zuloaga, Juan Gris, Pablo Serrano, Fernando Zobel, Lorenzo Quiros, among others.



  1. ^ Mascort Guich 2019, pp. 103–104, 107–108.
  2. ^ (in Spanish) La institución Official website. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  3. ^ Shearjashub Spooner (1880). Anecdotes of Painters, Engravers, Sculptors and Architects, and Curiosities of Art. A.W. Lovering. pp. 210–211.
  4. ^ "Ricardo Macarrón Jaime". Real Academia de la Historia, Spanish Biographical Dictionary. Government of Spain. Retrieved 2022-01-02.
  5. ^ "Fallece Alicia Iturrioz, la artista a la sombra del retratista de la aristocracia" [Alicia Iturrioz, the Artist in the Shadow of the Aristocratic Portraitist, Dies]. Naiz: (Bilbao) (in Spanish). 2021-09-09. Retrieved 2022-01-02.
  6. ^ Gomadrid.com
  7. ^ Karaart.com
  8. ^ "Juan Luis Vassallo Parodi | Real Academia de la Historia". dbe.rah.es. Retrieved 2024-01-23.
  9. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 44.
  10. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 47.
  11. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 101–103.
  12. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 71.
  13. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 151.
  14. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 191.
  15. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 215.
  16. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 264.
  17. ^ Bonet Correa et al. 2012, p. 322.