.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Marriage   Civil unions   Recognition of same-sex marriages at the federal level, no territory-level recognition (American Samoa)   No recognition   Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples (Palau)   Same-sex sexual activity illegal, but ban not enforced (Country names will appear with mouse-overs when map is viewed at full size. Encircling lines are the exclusive economic zones of each state.)   .mw-parser-output .navbar{display:inline;font-size:88%;font-weight:normal}.mw-parser-output .navbar-collapse{float:left;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .navbar-boxtext{word-spacing:0}.mw-parser-output .navbar ul{display:inline-block;white-space:nowrap;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::before{margin-right:-0.125em;content:"[ "}.mw-parser-output .navbar-brackets::after{margin-left:-0.125em;content:" ]"}.mw-parser-output .navbar li{word-spacing:-0.125em}.mw-parser-output .navbar a>span,.mw-parser-output .navbar a>abbr{text-decoration:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-mini abbr{font-variant:small-caps;border-bottom:none;text-decoration:none;cursor:inherit}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-full{font-size:114%;margin:0 7em}.mw-parser-output .navbar-ct-mini{font-size:114%;margin:0 4em}vte
  Marriage
  Civil unions
  Recognition of same-sex marriages at the federal level, no territory-level recognition (American Samoa)
  No recognition
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples (Palau)
  Same-sex sexual activity illegal, but ban not enforced
(Country names will appear with mouse-overs when map is viewed at full size. Encircling lines are the exclusive economic zones of each state.)

Debate has occurred throughout Oceania over proposals to legalize same-sex marriage as well as civil unions.

Currently two countries and eight territories in Oceania recognize some type of same-sex unions. Two Oceanian countries, Australia and New Zealand,[nb 1] and eight territories or states, namely Easter Island, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, New Caledonia, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Pitcairn Islands and Wallis and Futuna allow same-sex couples to legally marry.

Current situation

National level

Status Country Legal since Country population
(Last Census count)
Marriage
(2 countries)
Australia Australia 2017[1] 24,754,000
New Zealand New Zealand 2013[2] 4,840,750
Total 29,594,750
(80% of the Oceanian population)
No recognition
(11 countries)
* same-sex sexual activity illegal
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia 135,869
Fiji Fiji 856,346
Kiribati Kiribati * 96,335
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands 73,630
Nauru Nauru 12,329
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea * 5,172,033
Samoa Samoa * 179,000
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands * 494,786
Tonga Tonga * 106,137
Tuvalu Tuvalu * 11,146
Vanuatu Vanuatu 240,000
Subtotal 7,377,611
(19,94% of the Oceanian population)
Constitutional ban on marriage
( 1 country)
Palau Palau 2008[3][4] 19,409
Subtotal 19,409
(0.05% of the Oceanian population)
Total 7,397,020
(20% of the Oceanian population)

Sub-national level

Status Country Jurisdiction Legal since
Marriage
(8 jurisdictions)
Chile Chile 2022
France France
  • New Caledonia New Caledonia
  • French Polynesia French Polynesia
  • Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna
2013[5]
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2015[6]
United States United States Varies
Limited federal recognition only
(1 jurisdiction)
United States United States
No recognition
(3 jurisdictions)
* same-sex sexual activity illegal
New Zealand New Zealand

Public opinion

  Indicates the country/territory has legalized same-sex marriage nationwide
  Indicates that same-sex marriage is legal in certain parts of the country
  Indicates that the country has civil unions or registered partnerships
  Indicates that same-sex sexual activity is illegal
Opinion polls for same-sex marriage by country
Country Pollster Year For Against Neutral[a] Margin
of error
Source
Australia Australia Ipsos 2021 62% 13% - [13]
New Zealand New Zealand Herald DigiPoll 2013 52% 48% - - [14]
Opinion polls for same-sex marriage by dependent territory and sub-national entities
Country Pollster Year For Against Neutral[a] Margin
of error
Source
Guam Guam University of Guam 2015 55% 29% 16% - [15]


Notes

  1. ^ a b Also comprises: Don't know; No answer; Other; Refused.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Excluding Tokelau, Niue and the Cook Islands.

References

  1. ^ Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Act 2017
  2. ^ Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Act 2013
  3. ^ Constitutional proposal 2-274: Marriages between men and women only Archived 15 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ The Rights and Liberties of the Palau Constitution by Kevin Bennardo
  5. ^ (in French) LOI n° 2013-404 du 17 mai 2013 ouvrant le mariage aux couples de personnes de même sexe
  6. ^ Same Sex Marriage and Civil Partnership Ordinance 2015
  7. ^ Chief Judge Frances M. Tydingco-Gatewood, District Court of Guam, Order and Opinion Re: Motion for Summary Judgement, Aguero v. Calvo Case 1:15-cv-00009, 8 June 2015
  8. ^ Hawaii Marriage Equality Act of 2013
  9. ^ De La Torre, Ferdie (30 June 2015). "AG says they will be working with Inos admin in drafting regs". Saipan Tribune. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  10. ^ Gonzales-Pagan, Omar. "No Same-Sex Couple Left Behind: SCOTUS Ruling for the Freedom to Marry Would Apply with Equal Force to U.S. Territories". Lambda Legal. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  11. ^ "American Samoa is lone US territory questioning gay marriage validity; no licenses sought". U.S. News & World Report. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Same-sex marriage: American Samoa may be the only territory in the US where the historic Supreme Court ruling does not apply". The Independent. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  13. ^ https://www.ipsos.com/sites/default/files/ct/news/documents/2021-06/LGBT%20Pride%202021%20Global%20Survey%20Report_6.pdf
  14. ^ https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10873630
  15. ^ UOG Poll: 55% Support Gay Marriage, Pacific News Center, April 22, 2015