Red Army invasion of Armenia
Part of the Armenian–Azerbaijani War and the Russian Civil War

Red Army in Yerevan, November 1920
DateSeptember – 29 November 1920
Location
Result Overthrow of the Armenian government
Establishment of Armenian SSR
Belligerents
 Russian SFSR
 Armenian Bolsheviks
 Azerbaijan SSR
First Republic of Armenia First Republic of Armenia Turkey Turkish Provisional Government
Commanders and leaders
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Tukhachevsky
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Levandovsky
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail G. Yefremov
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
First Republic of Armenia Simon Vratsian
First Republic of Armenia Alexander Khatisian
Turkey Kâzım Karabekir

The Red Army invasion of Armenia, also known as the Russian-Armenian war or Sovietization or Soviet invasion of Armenia, Soviet occupation of Armenia, was a military campaign carried out by the 11th Army of Soviet Russia from September to 29 November 1920 to install a new Soviet government in the First Republic of Armenia, a former territory of the Russian and Ottoman Empires. The invasion coincided with the anti-government insurrection staged by the local Armenian Bolsheviks in the capital, Yerevan, and other cities and populated place over the country. The invasion led to the dissolution of the First Republic of Armenia and the establishment of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic.

See also

Further reading