Halton Region
Regional Municipality of Halton
Clockwise from top left: Georgetown, Hilton Falls, Bronte Harbour, Royal Botanical Gardens, Oakville, Brant Street Pier,
Coat of arms of Halton Region
Official logo of Halton Region
Motto(s): 
Absque labore nihil (Latin for: Nothing without effort)
Halton Region
Halton Region's location within Ontario.
Coordinates: 43°30′30″N 79°53′16″W / 43.50833°N 79.88778°W / 43.50833; -79.88778[1]Coordinates: 43°30′30″N 79°53′16″W / 43.50833°N 79.88778°W / 43.50833; -79.88778[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
Established (county)1854
Established (regional municipality)1974
SeatOakville
Government
 • Regional ChairGary Carr
Area
 • Land964.01 km2 (372.21 sq mi)
Population
 • Total548,435
 • Density520.4/km2 (1,348/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Websitewww.halton.ca
Rattlesnake Point, near Milton, Ontario.
Rattlesnake Point, near Milton, Ontario.

The Regional Municipality of Halton, or Halton Region, is a regional municipality in Ontario, Canada, located in the Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario. It comprises the city of Burlington and the towns of Oakville, Milton, and Halton Hills. Policing in the Region is provided by the Halton Regional Police Service. The regional council's headquarters are located in Oakville. Burlington and Oakville are largely urban and suburban, while the towns of Milton and Halton Hills are more rural.

Halton is part of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), although it is the only regional municipality in the GTA that is not situated directly adjacent to Toronto’s city proper. However, the region is split between the census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Toronto and Hamilton. Burlington is part of the Hamilton CMA, while the rest of the region is part of the Toronto CMA.

Halton experienced a growth rate of 17.1% between 2001 and 2006, and 14.2% between 2006 and 2011, giving it one of the highest growth rates in the country. Despite the unprecedented growth in residential development, agriculture and protected lands along the Niagara Escarpment are still the predominant land uses in the region. Halton has been ranked by Maclean's national crime ranking report as being the "safest place to live" in the GTA and one of the top five in Canada.[3]

History

The Regional Municipality of Halton was established on 1 January 1974 as the successor to the former Halton County by the Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973.[4] From 1 January 2003, it has been governed by the Municipal Act, 2001.[5]

Until the 2000 municipal elections, the chairperson of the regional council had been appointed by the Ontario government. From that date, it has been an elective position. Joyce Savoline was the last appointed chairperson, and was elected and reelected until her retirement from the position in 2006. The current regional chairperson is Gary Carr.

By 2018, the region reported a population of over 580,000 residents and its population estimate for 2041 exceeded one million. The unemployment rate was 5.3% during the year. The average household income was very high, at $139,000.[6]

Regional council

The council consists of the elected chairperson, the mayors of the local municipalities, and regional councillors elected by wards from the local municipalities (who also sit on their respective municipal councils).

The current membership of the council is as follows:

Chairperson Municipality Mayor Regional councillors
Gary Carr City of Burlington Marianne Meed Ward Kelvin Galbraith
Lisa Kearns
Rory Nisan
Shawna Stolte
Paul Sharman
Angelo Bentivegna
Town of Oakville Rob Burton Sean O'Meara
Cathy Duddeck
Dave Gittings
Allan Elgar
Jeff Knoll
Tom Adams
Pavan Parmar
Town of Milton Gordon Krantz Colin Best
Rick Malboeuf
Mike Cluett
Zeeshan Hamid
Town of Halton Hills Rick Bonnette Jane Fogal
Clark Somerville

Regional services

Halton Region provides the following services to its communities:[7]

In 2018, the Region had 27 emergency vehicles and 254 paramedics; the latter answered 53,094 paramedic calls. The Police service had 721 police officers; its 911 call centre received 121,971 reports of emergency.[8]

Demographics

As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Regional Municipality of Halton had a population of 596,637 living in 208,601 of its 214,322 total private dwellings, a change of 8.8% from its 2016 population of 548,435. With a land area of 965.71 km2 (372.86 sq mi), it had a population density of 617.8/km2 (1,600.2/sq mi) in 2021.[9]

Canada census – Regional Municipality of Halton community profile
202120162011
Population596,637 (+8.8% from 2016)548,435 (+9.3% from 2011)501,669 (14.2% from 2006)
Land area965.71 km2 (372.86 sq mi)964.05 km2 (372.22 sq mi)964.01 km2 (372.21 sq mi)
Population density617.8/km2 (1,600/sq mi)568.9/km2 (1,473/sq mi)520.4/km2 (1,348/sq mi)
Median age40.8 (M: 40, F: 42)40.5 (M: 39.6, F: 41.3)
Total private dwellings208,600192,980182,304
Median household income$103,009
References: 2021[10] 2016[11] 2011[12] earlier[13][14]
Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Panethnicity group
Source:[15]
European 372,150 68.8%
South Asian 50,075 9.3%
East Asian 26,545 4.9%
Middle Eastern 16,695 3.1%
Black 15,230 2.8%
Southeast Asian 14,040 2.6%
Latin American 13,650 2.5%
Aboriginal 9,590 1.8%
Other 7,470 1.4%
Total population 540,975 100%

Economy

Labour force

Employment activity
2011 2006 2001 1996
Participation rate 71.9% 72.1% 76.8%
Employment rate 68.5% 69.3% 72.8%
Unemployment rate 4.7% 4.0% 5.1%
Employment by industry
2011 2006 2001 1996
Agriculture and resources 4,180 3,935 2,870
Construction 12,060 41,540 8,085
Manufacturing 31,635 33,235
Wholesale trade 18,915 38,440 14,760
Retail trade 27,245 22,175
Financial and real estate 23,030 19,550 16,150
Health care and social services 19,535 29,935 15,870
Educational services 17,060 13,250
Business services 53,975 45,120 31,045
Other services 39,565 32,935 31,490
Total 247,200 211,455 188,930

Agriculture

Trend per Census of Agriculture
Type 2011 2006 2001
Halton Hills Milton Burlington Oakville Total % change Halton Hills Milton Burlington Oakville Total[16] % change Total
Number of farms 169 209 70 21 469 Decrease15.6% 206 260 79 21 566 Decrease8.5% 619
Total area of farms (in hectares) 15,436 11,289 3,259 2,216 32,200 Decrease10.5% 16,747 12,592 4,306 2,331 35,976 Decrease10.0% 39,966
Area of land in crops 12,507 8,288 2,106 2,057 24,958 Decrease8.6% 13,353 8,741 3,084 2,133 27,311 Decrease10.4% 30,469
Gross farm receipts ($ millions) 39.99 57.36 23.24 3.35 123.94 Decrease6.1% 57.75 40.52 30.61 3.16 132.04 Decrease6.7% 141.47
Total cattle and calves 2,672 1,854 x x 4,907 Decrease52.0% 3,571 2,725 3,919 0 10,215 Decrease11.8% 11,581
Total pigs x x x x x N/A x x x x 3,508 Decrease43.9% 6,254

x = suppressed for reasons of confidentiality

Halton's agricultural sector is supported by regional infrastructure such as the Port of Hamilton which is a growing agri-food hub for the import of agricultural inputs and the export of local crops.

2018 economic report

The 2018 budget document contains additional specifics and updates as to the Region's finances. In that year, gross revenues were $1.2 billion while operating expenses totaled $821.5 million for a net revenue of $350.2 million, an increase of 1.2% over the previous year. The increase was mostly due to increases in grants and taxes. The Region included over 13,200 companies and employed over 229,000 persons. The credit rating of AAA was confirmed by S&P Global Ratings and Moody's Investors Service.[17]

Geography

Identification of urban and rural features of the Region.
Identification of urban and rural features of the Region.

While the urban areas of Burlington, Oakville and Milton are experiencing rapid growth, there is still a significant proportion of the Region that is still rural, most of which is protected as part of the provincial Greenbelt or as part of the Niagara Escarpment Plan.

Halton is somewhat unusual, in that it has three distinct climate zones within its relatively small area,[18] which are as follows:

Climate charts

GEORGETOWN WWTP
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
67
 
 
−2
−11
 
 
59
 
 
−1
−10
 
 
66
 
 
5
−7
 
 
75
 
 
12
0
 
 
75
 
 
19
5
 
 
80
 
 
24
10
 
 
75
 
 
27
13
 
 
85
 
 
26
12
 
 
84
 
 
21
8
 
 
67
 
 
14
2
 
 
79
 
 
7
−2
 
 
73
 
 
1
−8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [19]
BURLINGTON TS
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
67
 
 
−1
−9
 
 
57
 
 
0
−8
 
 
70
 
 
5
−3
 
 
73
 
 
12
2
 
 
80
 
 
19
8
 
 
71
 
 
25
14
 
 
72
 
 
28
17
 
 
77
 
 
27
16
 
 
89
 
 
22
12
 
 
74
 
 
15
6
 
 
78
 
 
8
1
 
 
72
 
 
2
−5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [20]
OAKVILLE SE WPCP
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
59
 
 
−1
−9
 
 
44
 
 
0
−9
 
 
62
 
 
5
−4
 
 
68
 
 
11
1
 
 
70
 
 
18
7
 
 
71
 
 
23
12
 
 
73
 
 
26
15
 
 
78
 
 
25
15
 
 
79
 
 
21
10
 
 
69
 
 
14
5
 
 
72
 
 
8
0
 
 
65
 
 
2
−6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [21]
Climate data for Burlington TS
Climate ID: 6151064; coordinates 43°20′N 79°50′W / 43.333°N 79.833°W / 43.333; -79.833 (Burlington TS), elevation: 99.1 m (325 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1866–present[note 1]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.4
(65.1)
17.9
(64.2)
27.2
(81.0)
32.0
(89.6)
36.1
(97.0)
38.9
(102.0)
41.1
(106.0)
38.3
(100.9)
37.8
(100.0)
31.1
(88.0)
26.7
(80.1)
22.0
(71.6)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.8
(33.4)
5.2
(41.4)
12.4
(54.3)
19.4
(66.9)
25.0
(77.0)
28.0
(82.4)
26.7
(80.1)
21.8
(71.2)
15.1
(59.2)
8.0
(46.4)
2.4
(36.3)
13.7
(56.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.0
(33.8)
7.5
(45.5)
13.9
(57.0)
19.4
(66.9)
22.5
(72.5)
21.4
(70.5)
16.9
(62.4)
10.4
(50.7)
4.4
(39.9)
−1
(30)
9.1
(48.4)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−7.1
(19.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.6
(36.7)
8.3
(46.9)
13.8
(56.8)
16.9
(62.4)
16.1
(61.0)
11.9
(53.4)
5.7
(42.3)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.4
(39.9)
Record low °C (°F) −30.6
(−23.1)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−14.4
(6.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
0.0
(32.0)
1.1
(34.0)
1.7
(35.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−11.1
(12.0)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−30.6
(−23.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.0
(2.60)
54.5
(2.15)
61.6
(2.43)
70.6
(2.78)
81.0
(3.19)
69.1
(2.72)
75.3
(2.96)
82.0
(3.23)
83.1
(3.27)
71.9
(2.83)
84.9
(3.34)
63.0
(2.48)
863.1
(33.98)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 31.8
(1.25)
33.0
(1.30)
44.7
(1.76)
68.2
(2.69)
81.0
(3.19)
69.1
(2.72)
75.3
(2.96)
82.0
(3.23)
83.1
(3.27)
71.9
(2.83)
79.7
(3.14)
43.5
(1.71)
763.3
(30.05)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 34.2
(13.5)
21.5
(8.5)
16.9
(6.7)
2.4
(0.9)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
5.3
(2.1)
19.5
(7.7)
99.9
(39.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.4 9.6 11.0 12.5 11.8 10.9 10.1 10.2 10.9 10.7 13.9 11.9 135.8
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.9 4.5 8.0 11.7 11.8 10.9 10.1 10.2 10.9 10.7 12.7 7.7 113.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.1 6.0 3.6 0.84 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 5.4 25.5
Source: Environment Canada[22][23]
Climate data for Georgetown WWTP (Halton Hills)
Climate ID: 6152695; coordinates 43°28′34″N 79°52′45″W / 43.47611°N 79.87917°W / 43.47611; -79.87917 (Georgetown WWTP); elevation: 221 m (725 ft); 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
15.5
(59.9)
25.0
(77.0)
31.5
(88.7)
34.5
(94.1)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
36.5
(97.7)
35.5
(95.9)
29.5
(85.1)
22.0
(71.6)
20.5
(68.9)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.6
(40.3)
12.1
(53.8)
19.1
(66.4)
24.4
(75.9)
26.9
(80.4)
25.8
(78.4)
21.4
(70.5)
14.3
(57.7)
7.3
(45.1)
1.1
(34.0)
12.9
(55.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.9
(30.4)
6.0
(42.8)
12.3
(54.1)
17.4
(63.3)
20.0
(68.0)
19.0
(66.2)
14.8
(58.6)
8.4
(47.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−2.9
(26.8)
7.1
(44.8)
Average low °C (°F) −10.9
(12.4)
−10.2
(13.6)
−6.4
(20.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
5.3
(41.5)
10.4
(50.7)
13.0
(55.4)
12.1
(53.8)
8.1
(46.6)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
1.3
(34.3)
Record low °C (°F) −33.0
(−27.4)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−28.0
(−18.4)
−13.0
(8.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.0
(37.4)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
−8.5
(16.7)
−15.5
(4.1)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−33.0
(−27.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.8
(2.67)
60.0
(2.36)
57.2
(2.25)
76.5
(3.01)
79.3
(3.12)
74.8
(2.94)
73.5
(2.89)
79.3
(3.12)
86.2
(3.39)
68.3
(2.69)
88.5
(3.48)
65.9
(2.59)
877.4
(34.54)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 29.7
(1.17)
28.4
(1.12)
35.2
(1.39)
71.3
(2.81)
79.0
(3.11)
74.8
(2.94)
73.5
(2.89)
79.3
(3.12)
86.2
(3.39)
67.8
(2.67)
79.9
(3.15)
36.4
(1.43)
741.5
(29.19)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 38.1
(15.0)
31.7
(12.5)
22.1
(8.7)
5.2
(2.0)
0.3
(0.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(0.2)
8.6
(3.4)
29.5
(11.6)
135.9
(53.5)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.6 9.4 10.6 12.4 11.9 11.2 10.6 10.6 11.7 12.3 13.3 12.3 138.9
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.1 4.1 6.4 11.6 11.8 11.2 10.6 10.6 11.7 12.2 11.4 6.5 112.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 9.4 6.2 4.8 1.4 0.04 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.27 2.5 6.9 31.5
Source: Environment Canada[24]
Climate data for Oakville Southeast WPCP
Climate ID: 615N745; coordinates 43°29′N 79°38′W / 43.483°N 79.633°W / 43.483; -79.633 (Oakville Southeast WPCP); elevation: 86.9 m (285 ft); 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
15.6
(60.1)
27.5
(81.5)
32.0
(89.6)
33.0
(91.4)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
37.5
(99.5)
35.0
(95.0)
28.9
(84.0)
23.3
(73.9)
22.0
(71.6)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
0.6
(33.1)
4.7
(40.5)
11.3
(52.3)
17.9
(64.2)
23.2
(73.8)
26.3
(79.3)
25.2
(77.4)
20.9
(69.6)
14.3
(57.7)
8.3
(46.9)
2.8
(37.0)
12.9
(55.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−3.9
(25.0)
0.1
(32.2)
6.4
(43.5)
12.3
(54.1)
17.7
(63.9)
20.9
(69.6)
20.1
(68.2)
15.6
(60.1)
9.3
(48.7)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
8.1
(46.6)
Average low °C (°F) −8.9
(16.0)
−8.3
(17.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
1.5
(34.7)
6.8
(44.2)
12.1
(53.8)
15.4
(59.7)
15.0
(59.0)
10.2
(50.4)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
3.2
(37.8)
Record low °C (°F) −30.0
(−22.0)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−14.4
(6.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.1
(34.0)
7.0
(44.6)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
−14.0
(6.8)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−30.0
(−22.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59.8
(2.35)
46.7
(1.84)
54.4
(2.14)
65.2
(2.57)
73.9
(2.91)
71.0
(2.80)
75.8
(2.98)
78.3
(3.08)
73.5
(2.89)
70.0
(2.76)
79.3
(3.12)
58.8
(2.31)
806.7
(31.76)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 31.5
(1.24)
30.7
(1.21)
37.2
(1.46)
63.1
(2.48)
73.9
(2.91)
71.0
(2.80)
75.8
(2.98)
78.3
(3.08)
73.5
(2.89)
70.0
(2.76)
76.8
(3.02)
43.9
(1.73)
725.6
(28.57)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 28.3
(11.1)
16.1
(6.3)
17.2
(6.8)
2.1
(0.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.5
(1.0)
14.9
(5.9)
81.0
(31.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 9.6 7.2 9.0 11.1 10.4 10.3 8.8 9.8 10.2 10.4 11.1 9.7 117.6
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.4 3.8 6.4 10.6 10.4 10.3 8.8 9.8 10.2 10.4 10.6 6.8 102.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 5.6 3.7 3.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.4 17.6
Source: Environment Canada[25]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Long term records have been recorded at various climate stations in or nearby Burlington since 1866

References

  1. ^ "Regional Municipality of Halton". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada.
  2. ^ a b "Halton Regional municipality census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
  3. ^ Halton Region Ranked Safest Place to Live in GTA, Top 5 in Canada
  4. ^ Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 70
  5. ^ Municipal Act, 2001, S.O. 2001, c. 25
  6. ^ "Annual Fincncial Report 2018". Halton Region. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
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