Religious democracy[1] is a form of government where the values of a particular religion affect laws and rules. The term applies to all countries in which religion is incorporated into the form of government.

Democracies are characterized as secular or religious.[2] The definition of democracy is disputed and interpreted differently amongst politicians and scholars. It could be argued if only liberal democracy is true democracy, if religion can be incorporated into democracy, or if religion is a necessity for democracy. The religiosity of political leaders can also have an effect on the practice of democracy.


Major criticism of religious democracy include criticism from the secular and the legalist points of view.[3][4]


Historical democracies with state sponsored religious laws:

Contemporary democracies with state religions:

Contemporary states with state religions that claim to be democratic but are not recognised as such by the international community

See also


  1. ^ AbdolKarim Soroush :: عبدالکريم سروش
  2. ^ 1904063187 : 9781904063186:Theory of Religious Democracy Archived 2007-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ WorldWide Religious News-President Says Democracy Conforms With Religion in Iran Archived 2007-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-01-01. Retrieved 2007-01-10.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)