Remscheid
German Röntgen Museum
Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Remscheid
Remscheid
Remscheid
Remscheid
Remscheid
Coordinates: 51°11′0″N 07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000Coordinates: 51°11′0″N 07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictUrban districts of Germany
Government
 • Lord mayorBurkhard Mast-Weisz (SPD)
Area
 • Total74.6 km2 (28.8 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total111,338
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
42801-42899
Dialling codes02191
Vehicle registrationRS
Websitewww.remscheid.de
City Hall
City Hall

Remscheid (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on the south side of the Ruhr area.

Remscheid had around 109,000 inhabitants in 2015. At the end of 2019 it had 113,703 inhabitants.

Geography

Remscheid comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid, Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.

Its highest point is the Brodtberg (378 m).

History

Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822 to 1945.

On 31 July 1943, during the World War II, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm. This bombing raid was the final operation of RAF's Battle of the Ruhr involving 273 aircraft. During 14 and 15 April 1945, Remscheid was captured by the 78th Infantry Division (United States).[2][3]

An A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died.

Demographics

As of 31 December 2019, the city's population was 113,703, of which 92,726 (81.6%) were German citizens and 20,977 (18.4%) were non-Germans (Ausländer); of the non-German population, the top 10 nationalities represented were as follows:[4]

Rank Nationality Population (31.12.2019)
1  Turkey 5,749
2  Italy 3,158
3  Syria 1,264
4  Poland 1,187
5  Bulgaria 1,039
6  Spain 866
7  North Macedonia 748
8  Croatia 646
9  Serbia 583
10  Portugal 493

Politics

Mayor

The current Mayor of RemscheidBurkhard Mast-Weisz is Bernd Tischler of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), elected in 2014 and re-elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

Candidate Party Votes %
Burkhard Mast-Weisz Social Democratic Party 22,431 60.6
Heidemarie Alexa Bell Christian Democratic Union 9,710 26.2
Peter Keck Pro Remscheid 1,908 5.2
Fritz Beinersdorf The Left 1,309 3.5
Roland Kirchner W.i.R. Remscheid 877 2.4
Bettina Stamm Real Remscheid 775 2.1
Valid votes 37,010 98.5
Invalid votes 548 1.5
Total 37,558 100.0
Electorate/voter turnout 85,783 43.8
Source: State Returning Officer

City council

The Remscheid city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

Party Votes % +/- Seats +/-
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 12,718 34.5 Decrease 0.3 20 Decrease 1
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 11,036 29.9 Decrease 7.3 17 Decrease 3
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) 5,409 14.7 Increase 6.3 9 Increase 5
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 1,945 5.3 Increase 0.6 3 Increase 1
Pro Remscheid (PRO) 1,870 5.1 Increase 0.7 3 Increase 1
The Left (Die Linke) 1,700 4.6 Decrease 1.4 3 ±0
W.i.R. Remscheid (WIR) 1,092 3.0 Decrease 1.5 2 ±0
Real Remscheid (Echt) 788 2.1 New 1 New
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 358 1.0 New 0 New
Valid votes 36,916 98.4
Invalid votes 592 1.6
Total 37,508 100.0 58 Increase 6
Electorate/voter turnout 85,783 43.7 Increase 0.7
Source: State Returning Officer

Main sights

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Remscheid is twinned with:[5]

Notable people

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2019" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. ^ http://tothosewhoserved.org/usa/ss/usass01/chapter5.html
  3. ^ https://archive.org/details/Lightning78thInfantry
  4. ^ "Informationen der Statistikstelle: Remscheider Einwohnerinnen und Einwohner am 31. Dezember 2019" (PDF). Stadt Remscheid. pp. 6, 12. Retrieved 9 May 2020. Available on Stadt Remscheid website under "Bevölkerung und Bevölkerungsentwicklung".
  5. ^ "Partnerstädte". remscheid.de (in German). Remscheid. Retrieved 15 March 2021.