The Republican Party was a political party in the Philippines. It was founded by Gregorio Aglipay, the Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church.

Gregorio Aglipay founded the party in 1905. It was subsequently banned by the United States Insular Government.[1] In the 1935 presidential election, Aglipay revived the Republican Party, and was supported by the Coalition of the Oppressed Masses. This coalition originally included Emilio Aguinaldo and his National Socialist Party, but Aguinaldo split from the party and launched his own presidential campaign. Aglipay's party had connections with labor unions in Manila.[2]

Aglipay's running mate was Manila councilor Norberto Nabong. Nabong was one of the founding members of the Partido Komunista ng Piilpinas, which was part of the Coalition of the Oppressed Masses.[2] Nabong ran for vice president while being imprisoned. Aglipay's platform consisted of, among others, Philippine independence, land reforms, Filipinization of industries and recognizing Tagalog as the national language of the Philippines.[3] Aglipay and Nabong were defeated by the Nacionalista Party's Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmeña, respectively. Aglipay sent a congratulatory message to Quezon after the election; a day later, he announced, on behalf of the party, that electoral fraud had been committed, thereby voiding the election, and proposing that a new election be held.[4]


  1. ^ Simbulan, Dante C. (2005). The Modern Principalia: The Historical Evolution of the Philippine Ruling Oligarchy. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. p. 157. ISBN 9715424961.
  2. ^ a b Umali, Justin (2019-06-04). "A Look into the Most Consequential Election in our History: the 1935 Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  3. ^ Smit, Peter-Ben (2011). Old Catholic and Philippine independent ecclesiologies in history : the Catholic Church in every place. Leiden: Brill. p. 252. ISBN 978-90-04-21498-9. OCLC 754765322.
  4. ^ "News Summary, Philippine Magazine: September 18 – October 17, 1935". 1935-11-01.