Reticular cell
Details
FunctionCollagen synthesis
Identifiers
LatinCellula reticularis~cells
THH2.00.03.0.01004
FMA62877
Anatomical terms of microanatomy

A reticular cell is a type of fibroblast that synthesizes collagen alpha-1(III) and uses it to produce reticular fibers. The cell surrounds the fibers with its cytoplasm, isolating them from other tissue components and cells.[1] Reticular cells provide structural support, since they produce and maintain the thin networks of fibers that are a framework for most lymphoid organs.

Reticular cells are found in many organs, including the spleen, lymph nodes and kidneys. They are also found within tissues, such as lymph nodules. There are different types of reticular cells, including epithelial, mesenchymal, and fibroblastic reticular cells. Fibroblastic reticular cells are involved in directing B cells and T cells to specific regions within the tissue whereas epithelial and mesenchymal reticular cells are associated with certain areas of the brain.

See also

References

  1. ^ Radivoj V. Krstic (14 March 2013). Human Microscopic Anatomy: An Atlas for Students of Medicine and Biology. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 100. ISBN 978-3-662-02676-2.

2. Schat, K. A., Kaspers, B., & Kaiser, P. (2014). Structure of the Avian Lymphoid System. In I. Olah, N. Nagy & L. Vervelde (Eds.), Avian Immunology (2nd ed., pp. 11-44). Academic Press.