Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
Flag of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
Coat of arms of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
Coordinates: 49°22′00″N 8°44′00″E / 49.366666666667°N 8.7333333333333°E / 49.366666666667; 8.7333333333333
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Adm. regionKarlsruhe
Founded1973
CapitalHeidelberg
Government
 • District admin.Stefan Dallinger (CDU)
Area
 • Total1,061.7 km2 (409.9 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2020)[1]
 • Total548,233
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationHD
Websitewww.rhein-neckar-kreis.de

The Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is a district in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The administrative headquarters are based in the city Heidelberg, which is a district-free city. As of 2019, the district is the most populous in Baden-Württemberg.

History

The district was created in 1973 by merging the previous districts of Heidelberg, Mannheim and Sinsheim.

Geography

The district is named after the two main rivers which flow through the district, the Rhine and Neckar. The highest elevation is 580 m near the 584 m tall peak of the Odenwald mountain Stiefelhöhe, located near Heiligkreuzsteinach. The lowest elevation with 92 m is in Ilvesheim, located in the Neckar valley.

Sights

Dilsberg Neckartal.jpg
Dilsberg Bergfeste Dilsberg is a castle on a mountain over the Neckar River in Neckargemünd.
Eberbach Neckar 2001.JPG
Eberbach The historic old town with its four towers, many timber-frame houses and some town wall remnants, is a magnet for tourists.
Mercedes-tribuene-2005.jpg
Hockenheim The Hockenheimring is the home of the Formula One German Grand Prix.
Roemermuseum Ladenburg 01.JPG
Ladenburg Ladenburg has an old town from the Late Middle Ages. Its history dates back to Celtic and Roman ages.
Neckargemuend Elsenz-Muendung.jpg
Neckargemünd Neckargemünd still keeps its medieval charm.
Schwetzingen BW 2014-07-22 16-43-37.jpg
Schwetzingen Schwetzingen Castle was the summer residence of the Electors Palatine Karl III Philip and Charles Theodore.
Concorde F-BVFB (Sinsheim).JPG
Sinsheim Sinsheim's main tourist attraction is the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum, displaying a collection of historic vehicles to over 1 million visitors per year.
Windeck.JPG
Weinheim Weinheim is situated on the Bergstraße ("Mountain Road") on the western rim of the Odenwald.

Government

The district is governed by a district assembly (Kreistag) and a district executive (Landrat). The eligible voters of the district elect the Kreistag every 5 years. This body in turn elects the Landrat every 8 years. The Landrat is the legal representative of the district as well as the speaker of the Kreistag and its committees. The Landrat manages the office of the Landrat (Landratsamt) and is the chief official of the district. The duties of the Landrat include the preparation of the district assembly meetings and its committees. The Landrat calls the meetings, acts as speaker, and carries out the decisions made. In the Kreistag, the Landrat has no vote. The Landrat has a second, called the first district official (Erste Landesbeamte).

Landrat of the district Heidelberg 1945–1972:

Landrat of the district Mannheim 1945–1972:

Landrat of the district Sinsheim 1945–1972:

Landrat of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis since 1973:

Coat of arms

The wavy line in the left of the coat of arms represent the two rivers Rhine and Neckar. The lion in the right side is the symbol of Palatinate, as the area belonged to that area historically.

Cities and towns

Städte (Cities)
Eberbach in HD.png
COA Eberbach Baden.svg
Eberbach 15 258 81.2 km2
Eppelheim in HD.png
Eppelheim Wappen.svg
Eppelheim 14 629 5.6 km2
Hemsbach in HD.png
Wappen Hemsbach Bergstrasse.svg
Hemsbach 12 230 12.9 km2
Hockenheim in HD.png
COA Hockenheim.svg
Hockenheim 21 031 34.8 km2
Ladenburg in HD.png
COA Ladenburg.svg
Ladenburg 11 473 19 km2
Leimen in HD.png
DEU Leimen (Baden) COA.svg
Leimen 26 932 20.6 km2
Neckarbischofsheim in HD.png
COA Neckarbischofsheim.svg
Neckarbischofsheim 3 946 26.4 km2
Neckargemuend in HD.png
Wappen Neckargemuend.svg
Neckargemünd 14 032 26.2 km2
Rauenberg in HD.png
COA Rauenberg-Kraichgau.svg
Rauenberg 7 631 11.1 km2
Schoenau in HD.png
COA Schönau (Odenwald).svg
Schönau 4 696 22.5 km2
Schriesheim in HD.png
COA Schriesheim.svg
Schriesheim 14 855 31.6 km2
Schwetzingen in HD.png
Wappen Schwetzingen.svg
Schwetzingen 22 159 21.6 km2
Sinsheim in HD.png
Wappen Sinsheim.svg
Sinsheim 35 517 127 km2
Waibstadt in HD.png
COA Waibstadt.svg
Waibstadt 5 659 25.6 km2
Walldorf in HD.png
DEU Walldorf (Baden) COA.svg
Walldorf 14 774 19.9 km2
Weinheim in HD.png
COA Weinheim.svg
Weinheim 43 692 58.1 km2
Wiesloch in HD.png
COA Wiesloch.svg
Wiesloch 25 897 30.3 km2
Gemeinden (Municipalities)
Altlussheim in HD.png
COA Altlußheim.svg
Altlußheim 5 296 16 km2
Angelbachtal in HD.png
COA Angelbachtal.svg
Angelbachtal 5 002 17.9 km2
Bammental in HD.png
COA Bammental.svg
Bammental 6 498 12.2 km2
Bruehl in HD.png
COA Brühl.svg
Brühl 14 256 10.2 km2
Dielheim in HD.png
Wappen Dielheim.svg
Dielheim 8 933 22.7 km2
Dossenheim in HD.png
COA Dossenheim.svg
Dossenheim 12 008 14.1 km2
Edingen-Neckarhausen in HD.png
COA Edingen-Neckarhausen.svg
Edingen-Neckarhausen 14 127 12 km2
Epfenbach in HD.png
Wappen Epfenbach.svg
Epfenbach 2 517 13 km2
Eschelbronn in HD.png
COA Eschelbronn.svg
Eschelbronn 2 572 8.2 km2
Gaiberg in HD.png
COA Gaiberg.svg
Gaiberg 2 427 4.2 km2
Heddesbach in HD.png
COA Heddesbach.svg
Heddesbach 494 8.2 km2
Heddesheim in HD.png
COA Heddesheim.svg
Heddesheim 11 566 14.7 km2
Heiligkreuzsteinach in HD.png
COA Heiligkreuzsteinach.svg
Heiligkreuzsteinach 3 054 19.6 km2
Helmstadt-Bargen in HD.png
Wappen Helmstadt-Bargen.svg
Helmstadt-Bargen 3 793 28 km2
Hirschberg in HD.png
COA Hirschberg an der Bergstraße.svg
Hirschberg an der Bergstraße 9 405 12.4 km2
Ilvesheim in HD.png
COA Ilvesheim.svg
Ilvesheim 7 768 5.9 km2
Ketsch in HD.png
DEU Ketsch COA.svg
Ketsch 12 808 16.5 km2
Laudenbach in HD.png
COA Laudenbach-Bergstrasse.svg
Laudenbach 6 110 10.3 km2
Lobbach in HD.png
COA Lobbach.svg
Lobbach 2 401 14.9 km2
Malsch in HD.png
COA Malsch (bei Wiesloch).svg
Malsch 3 401 6.8 km2
Mauer in HD.png
Wappen Mauer Baden.svg
Mauer 3 919 6.3 km2
Meckesheim in HD.png
CoA Meckesheim.svg
Meckesheim 5 343 16.3 km2
Muehlhausen in HD.png
DEU Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) COA.svg
Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) 8 218 15.3 km2
Neidenstein in HD.png
Wappen Neidenstein.svg
Neidenstein 1 820 8.5 km2
Neulussheim in HD.png
COA Neulußheim.svg
Neulußheim 6 675 3.4 km2
Nussloch in HD.png
COA Nußloch.svg
Nußloch 10 734 13.6 km2
Oftersheim in HD.png
COA Oftersheim.svg
Oftersheim 10 686 12.8 km2
Plankstadt in HD.png
COA Plankstadt.svg
Plankstadt 9 559 8.4 km2
Reichartshausen in HD.png
Wappen Reichartshausen.svg
Reichartshausen 2 015 10 km2
Reilingen in HD.png
Wappen Reilingen.svg
Reilingen 7 068 16.4 km2
Sandhausen in HD.png
COA Sandhausen.svg
Sandhausen 14 336 14.6 km2
Schoenbrunn in HD.png
DEU Schönbrunn (Baden) COA.svg
Schönbrunn 2 987 34.5 km2
Spechbach in HD.png
COA Spechbach.svg
Spechbach 1 720 8.5 km2
StLeon-Rot in HD.png
COA St Leon-Rot.svg
St. Leon-Rot 12 539 25.6 km2
Wiesenbach in HD.png
Wappen Wiesenbach (Baden).svg
Wiesenbach 3 092 11.1 km2
Wilhelmsfeld in HD.png
DEU Wilhelmsfeld COA.svg
Wilhelmsfeld 3 293 4.8 km2
Zuzenhausen in HD.png
Wappen Zuzenhausen.png
Zuzenhausen 2 138 11.6 km2

International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2020" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2020] (CSV). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). June 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  2. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26.

Coordinates: 49°22′N 8°44′E / 49.367°N 8.733°E / 49.367; 8.733