Rheingau-Taunus
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Adm. regionDarmstadt
CapitalBad Schwalbach
Area
 • Total811.11 km2 (313.17 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2019)[1]
 • Total187,160
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationRÜD, SWA
Websitehttp://www.rheingau-taunus.de

Rheingau-Taunus is a Kreis (district) in the west of Hesse, Germany. Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis is part of the Darmstadt region; its main administrative seat is Bad Schwalbach. Outposted sections of the local administration are located in Idstein and Rüdesheim am Rhein.

Neighbouring districts are the Hessian districts of Limburg-Weilburg, Hochtaunuskreis, Main-Taunus-Kreis, district-free Wiesbaden and Mainz-Bingen and Rhein-Lahn which are located in Rhineland-Palatinate.

History

From 983 to 1803, the Rheingau area belonged to the Electorate of Mainz and was then merged into the new Duchy of Nassau.

The Untertaunus region was part of the Earldom of Katzenelnbogen. From 1816 onward, the whole area of the district became part of the Duchy of Nassau. After the 1866 Austro-Prussian war, Nassau was annexed by Prussia and formed the new province of Hesse-Nassau.

In 1867, the province was divided into districts. Therefore, the districts of Rheingau and Untertaunus were created.

After the Second World War and the creation of Hesse in 1946, these two districts remained unchanged. Only in 1977, because administrative borders were redreawn, the districs of Rheingau and Untertaunus merged and thus formed the Rheingau-Taunus district.

Geography

The district covers the western part of the Taunus mountains. The river Rhine forms the district's border in the south.

Politics

District council

Recent district elections had the following results:[2]

Parties and voter communities %
2016
Seats
2016
%
2011
Seats
2011
%
2006
Seats
2006
%
2001
Seats
2001
CDU Christian Democratic Union 35.3 21 35.8 22 39.8 24 39.1 28
SPD Social Democratic Party 24.1 15 30.8 19 33.6 20 37.2 26
GRÜNE Alliance '90/The Greens 11.2 7 18.9 12 10.3 6 10.0 7
FDP Free Democratic Party 6.8 4 5.0 3 6.1 4 6.5 5
DIE LINKE The Left 3.2 2 2.3 1
FWG Freie Wähler Gemeinschaft Rheingau-Taunus (Independent Voters Community) 6.0 4 7.2 4 7.5 5 4.5 3
REP The Republicans 2.7 2 2.7 2
AFD Alternative for Germany 13.4 8
Total 100.0 61 100.0 61 100.0 61 100.0 71
Voter turnout % 53.2 51.4 50.0 55.6

Coat of arms

The coat of arms combines the coat of arms of the two former districts - in the bottom right the Mainz wheel taken from the Rheingau district, in the top left the lion of Nassau from the former Untertaunuskreis.

Urban entities

Towns and municipalities in Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis
Towns and municipalities in Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis

Towns[edit]

  1. Bad Schwalbach
  2. Eltville
  3. Geisenheim
  4. Idstein
  5. Lorch
  6. Oestrich-Winkel
  7. Rüdesheim
  8. Taunusstein

Municipalities[edit]

  1. Aarbergen
  2. Heidenrod
  3. Hohenstein
  4. Hünstetten
  5. Kiedrich
  6. Niedernhausen
  7. Schlangenbad
  8. Waldems
  9. Walluf

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2019". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt: Final result of district election (in German).

Coordinates: 50°08′54″N 8°04′24″E / 50.148403°N 8.073267°E / 50.148403; 8.073267