Rhenium trioxide
IUPAC name
Rhenium trioxide
Other names
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.013.845 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 215-228-8
  • InChI=1S/3O.Re
  • O=[Re](=O)=O
Molar mass 234.205 g/mol
Appearance Deep red crystals
Density 6.92 g/cm3
Melting point 400 °C (752 °F; 673 K) (decomposes)
+16.0·10−6 cm3/mol
Cubic, cP4
Pm3m, No. 221
a = 374.8 pm
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Rhenium trioxide or rhenium(VI) oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ReO3. It is a red solid with a metallic lustre that resembles copper in appearance. It is the only stable trioxide of the Group 7 elements (Mn, Tc, Re).

Preparation and structure

Rhenium trioxide can be formed by reducing rhenium(VII) oxide with carbon monoxide at 200 °C or elemental rhenium at 400 °C.[1]

Re2O7 + CO → 2 ReO3 + CO2
3 Re2O7 + Re → 7 ReO3

Re2O7 can also be reduced with dioxane.[2]

blue: Rhenium, red: Oxygen
ReO3 polyhedra

Rhenium trioxide crystallizes with a primitive cubic unit cell, with a lattice parameter of 3.742 Å (374.2 pm). The structure of ReO3 is similar to that of perovskite (ABO3), without the large A cation at the centre of the unit cell. Each rhenium center is surrounded by an octahedron defined by six oxygen centers. These octahedra share corners to form the 3-dimensional structure. The coordination number of O is 2, because each oxygen atom has 2 neighbouring Re atoms.[3]


Physical properties

ReO3 is unusual for an oxide because it exhibits very low resistivity. It behaves like a metal in that its resistivity decreases as its temperature decreases. At 300 K, its resistivity is 100.0 nΩ·m, whereas at 100 K, this decreases to 6.0 nΩ·m, 17 times less than at 300 K.[3]

Chemical properties

Rhenium trioxide is insoluble in water, as well as dilute acids and bases. Heating it in base results in disproportionation to give ReO
and ReO
, while reaction with acid at high temperature affords Re
. In concentrated nitric acid, it yields perrhenic acid. Upon heating to 400 °C under vacuum, it undergoes disproportionation:[2]

3 ReO3 → Re2O7 + ReO2

Rhenium trioxide can be chlorinated to give rhenium trioxide chloride:[4]

2 ReO3 + Cl2 → 2 ReO3Cl


Hydrogenation catalyst

Rhenium trioxide finds some use in organic synthesis as a catalyst for amide reduction.[5]


  1. ^ H. Nechamkin, C. F. Hiskey, "Rhenium(VI): Oxide (Rhenium Trioxide)" Inorganic Syntheses, 1950 Volume 3, pp. 186-188. doi:10.1002/9780470132340.ch49
  2. ^ a b O. Glemser; R. Sauer (1963). "Rhenium(VI) Oxide". In G. Brauer (ed.). Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Vol. 2pages=1482. NY, NY: Academic Press.
  3. ^ a b Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8., p. 1047.
  4. ^ O. Glemser; R. Sauer (1963). "Rhenium (VII) Oxychloride". In G. Brauer (ed.). Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Vol. 2pages=1480. NY, NY: Academic Press.
  5. ^ Nishimura, Shigeo (2001). Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation for Organic Synthesis (1st ed.). New York: Wiley-Interscience. p. 408. ISBN 9780471396987.