Barrett in June 2015
Barrett in June 2015

Richard Barrett (born 7 November 1959) is a Welsh composer.

Biography

Barrett was born in Swansea, Wales and attended Olchfa School. He began to study music seriously only after graduating in genetics and microbiology from University College London in 1980.[1] From then until 1983 he took private lessons with Peter Wiegold. There followed fruitful encounters at the 1984 Internationale Ferienkurse für Neue Musik with Brian Ferneyhough and Hans-Joachim Hespos. In the 1980s he became associated with the so-called New Complexity group of British composers because of the intricate notation of his scores. He is equally active in free improvisation, most often in the electronic duo FURT with Paul Obermayer, formed in 1986, but also since 2003 as a member of the Evan Parker Electro-Acoustic Ensemble. Since 1990 about half of his compositions have been written for the ELISION Ensemble, most notably the extended works Opening of the Mouth, DARK MATTER, CONSTRUCTION and world-line. Most of his compositions since the 1990s have involved both acoustic and electronic resources, combined in many different ways. In 2005 he and Obermayer formed the electroacoustic octet fORCH.

He taught composition at Middlesex University from 1989 to 1992, and electronic composition at the Institute of Sonology of the Hague Royal Conservatory in 1996, where he worked until 2001. In 2009 he resumed teaching regularly at the Institute. Having moved from London to Amsterdam in 1993, he lived in Berlin from 2001 to 2013, initially as a guest of the German Academic Exchange Service's (DAAD) "Berliner Künstlerprogramm", except between 2006 and 2009 when he was a professor of composition at Brunel University London.[2]

Barrett won the Kranichsteiner Musikpreis at the Internationale Ferienkurse für Neue Musik, Darmstadt, in 1986, and was awarded the Gaudeamus Prize in 1989.[1] He also won the Chamber Music category of the 2003 British Composer Awards.[3]

Many of Barrett's works are grouped into series, and have extra-musical associations—particularly with the writers Samuel Beckett[4][failed verification] and Paul Celan, but also the Chilean painter Roberto Matta, and ideas from physics, mythology, astrology and philosophy (in the texts of DARK MATTER)[citation needed]. Barrett's compositional techniques, which derive equally and indistinguishably from serial, stochastic and intuitive methods, have since the mid-1980s made extensive use of computer programs he has developed himself.[1] He regards free improvisation as a method of composition rather than as a different or opposed kind of musical activity.[5] He has often been politically outspoken,[6] and in 1990 joined the Socialist Workers Party. While no longer an active member he remains aligned with revolutionary socialism.[7]

His codex series of compositions explores diverse ways of using composed frameworks as a point of departure for improvisation, particularly with larger groups, while the fOKT series extrapolates some of FURT's characteristic forms of texture and co-ordination into the octet context of the fORCH ensemble. The results of these more experimental and collaborative projects have exerted an increasing influence on Barrett's other compositional work, which remains mostly fully notated, although several compositions (for example transmission, Blattwerk and adrift) alternate between precise scoring and free improvisation for part or all of their duration. However, these different strategies are used to maximise the musical potential of the whole, rather than drawing attention to the distinction between improvisational and notational methods of composition—as Barrett himself puts it: "As a listener I generally prefer to concentrate on what music is doing rather than how it was done".[8]

Since 2003 he has been working on an eight-part cycle of compositions collectively entitled resistance & vision and with a projected total duration of over six hours, of which the first (NO), third (cell), fifth (Mesopotamia), sixth (IF), seventh (nacht und träume) and eighth (CONSTRUCTION) have so far been completed (July 2016). CONSTRUCTION is itself a conglomerate work lasting over two hours in performance, consisting of 20 components in four interwoven cycles which may also be performed singly or in various combinations. Since the completion of CONSTRUCTION he has completed a number of other projects which continue long-term associations—life-form for cellist Arne Deforce and world-line for ELISION—as well as inaugurating new ones—close-up for the Belgrade-based group Ensemble Studio6 and the work in progress natural causes (based on a cycle of poems written for him by Simon Howard), the first instalment of which was written for Musikfabrik.

He is currently based in Belgrade, Serbia. In 2019 his book Music of Possibility was published by Vision Edition.

Selected works

Selected discography

With Evan Parker's Electro-Acoustic Ensemble

References

  1. ^ a b c Warnaby, John (2001). "Barrett, Richard". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John (eds.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2nd ed.). London: Macmillan. ISBN 9780195170672.
  2. ^ Service, Tom. 10 February 2005. "Just Say No". The Guardian.
  3. ^ "British Composer Award Winners", britishcomposerawards.com
  4. ^ McAuliffe, Deirdre. 4 August 2014. "Samuel Beckett, Irish Poet: Her, Him and Us". Urban Book Circle (Accessed 12 September 2015).
  5. ^ Gilmore, Bob. 2009. "Interview with Richard Barrett". Paristransatlantic.com.
  6. ^ Whittall, Arnold. Autumn 2005. "Resistance and Reflection: Richard Barrett in the 21st Century". The Musical Times 146, no. 1892: 57–69.
  7. ^ Lenz, Veronika, 2005. "Unasked Questions: An Interview with Richard Barrett".
  8. ^ Barrett, Richard, 2009. Liner notes for CD adrift. Psi Records 09.10.

Further reading